Swanson School of Engineering faculty win first grants from DOE Nuclear Energy University Programs
PITTSBURGH (May 10, 2012) … In a first for the University of Pittsburgh, the
Department of Energy (DOE)
awarded $1.3 million to the Swanson School of Engineering through the DOE's Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP). The grants will support graduate fellowships and research grants primarily in the School's Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science.
The grant total includes $876,422 for computer modeling research into future generations of high-temperature reactors; $300,000 for a new radiation detection and measurement laboratory; and a $155,000 fellowship for a student pursuing a career in the nuclear field. In addition, a shared $599,802 grant with State University of New York - Stony Brook will help to develop a self-powered sensing and actuation system for nuclear reactors in case of major power failures.
"This is a tremendous accomplishment for our Nuclear Engineering program, which has experienced steady growth thanks to the resurgence of the region's nuclear energy industry," noted Gerald D. Holder, PhD, US Steel Dean of Engineering. "I congratulate Dr. Kimber and Dr. Metzger, and Ms. Patel on receiving what I believe will be the first of many NEUP grants at Swanson.
Very High Temperature Reactors
A team from the Swanson School of Engineering, the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center and Westinghouse will utilize the $876,422 grant to develop a comprehensive experimentally validated computational framework for the turbulent mixing in the lower plenum of next generation high temperature gas reactors (HTGRs). These high-efficiency reactors are utilized for electricity production and a broad range of process heat applications.
The team includes Principal Investigator Mark Kimber, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science; John Brigham, PhD, Assistant Professor of Structural Engineering and Mechanics in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Anirban Jana, PhD, Sr. Scientific Specialist, Scientific Applications and User Support at the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center; and Milorad Dzodzo, PhD, Westinghouse Electric Company.
Through computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling and experimental validation, the results from this project will lay the groundwork for future stress analysis, failure and fatigue studies, and uncertainty quantification for HTGR systems.
Radiation Detection and Measurement Laboratory
This $300,000 grant with the University of Pittsburgh's School of Medicine will enable Pitt to purchase detectors, instrumentation, and sources to establish and equip a new Radiation Detection and Measurement Laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh. The Principal Investigator is John Metzger, PE, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science and Director of the Nuclear Engineering Program. Co-PIs from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine include N. Scott Mason, PhD, Research Associate Professor of Radiology; Michael Sheetz, MS, CHP, DABMP, University Radiology Safety Officer; and Brian Lopresti, Research Instructor.
Rita Patel, MEMS '12, received a $155,000 fellowship to begin her graduate studies in materials science. Her advisor is Gerald H. Meier, PhD, William Kepler Whiteford Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science and Director of Materials Science and Engineering Program.
Thermoelectric-Driven Sustainable Sensing and Actuation Systems for Fault-Tolerant Nuclear Incidents
The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear incident in March 2011 represented an unprecedented stress test on the safety and backup systems of a nuclear power plant. Even though independent backup power systems were available, their battery sources were ultimately drained. This $599,802 project, led by Principal Investigator Jon Longtin, Ph.D., P.E., Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Stony Brook, joined by Pitt's Dr. John Metzger, will investigate the development of sensing and actuation systems powered by the reactor's own intrinsic heat, rather than external power or backup battery systems.
The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy initiated Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP) in FY 2009 to consolidate its university support under one program.
NEUP funds nuclear energy research and equipment upgrades at U.S. colleges and universities. NEUP plays a key role in helping the Department of Energy accomplish its mission of leading the nation's investment in the development and exploration of advanced nuclear science and technology. DOE promotes nuclear power as a resource capable of meeting the Nation's energy, environmental and national security needs by resolving technical and regulatory barriers through research, development and demonstration. For more information, visit www.neup.gov.
About the Swanson School of Engineering
The University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering is one of the oldest engineering programs in the United States. The Swanson School has excelled in basic and applied research during the past decade and is on the forefront of 21st-century technology, including energy systems, sustainability, bioengineering, microsystems and nanosystems, computational modeling, and advanced materials development. Approximately 120 faculty members serve more than 3,200 undergraduate and graduate students in six departments, including bioengineering, chemical and petroleum engineering, civil and environmental engineering, electrical engineering, industrial engineering, and mechanical engineering and materials science. For the two most-recently reported consecutive years, 2009 and 2010, the Swanson School has had the second-highest percentage of doctoral degrees awarded to women in North America, according to the American Society for Engineering Education.
Contact: Paul Kovach