headshot

Gerald Holder

Professor
Dean Emeritus

overview

For two decades as U.S. Steel Dean of Engineering at the Swanson School of Engineering, Gerald D. Holder led its growth as one of the top 25 public engineering programs. Dean Emeritus Holder earned his bachelor’s in chemistry from Kalamazoo College, and his bachelor’s, master’s and PhD in chemical engineering from the University of Michigan. His research focus area is the phase behavior of natural gases & petroleum with emphasis on natural gas hydrates. He joined the chemical engineering faculty at Columbia University in New York City in 1976 and served in that capacity until 1979, when he came to the University of Pittsburgh. He served as Chair of Chemical Engineering from 1987-95 and became Dean of Engineering in 1996. In these leadership roles, Dean Holder fostered the development of programs in bioengineering, polymers, environment and energy, manufacturing, and materials. At Pitt, he has received awards for his research and teaching, including the School of Engineering Award for Outstanding Research and the Board of Visitors Faculty Award. His regional and national accomplishments include the William Metcalf Award for Lifetime Achievement in Engineering from the Engineering Society of Western Pennsylvania; Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Oak Ridge Associated Universities; and a General Motors Scholar. To mark his 20th anniversary as Dean of the Swanson School, Provost Patricia Beeson appointed him as a Distinguished Service Professor, a title that recognizes distinctive contributions and outstanding service (e.g., professional, regional, national, international) to the University community in support of its multifaceted teaching/research/service mission, as well as performance excellence and national stature in his discipline.

about

(2008) William Metcalf Award for Lifetime Achievement in Engineering, ESWP.

(2008) American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) Fellow.

(2003) American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow.

PhD (Chemical Engineering), University of Michigan, 1976

Zhang, Y., Holder, G.D., & Warzinski, R.P. (2008). Phase equilibrium in two-phase, water-rich-liquid, hydrate systems: Experiment and theory. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 47(2), 459-469.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie070846c.

Lee, S.Y., & Holder, G.D. (2002). Model for gas hydrate equilibria using a variable reference chemical potential: Part 1. AIChE Journal, 48(1), 161-167.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/aic.690480116.

Holder, G.D., Mokka, L.P., & Warzinski, R.P. (2001). Formation of gas hydrates from single-phase aqueous solutions. Chemical Engineering Science, 56(24), 6897-6903.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0009-2509(01)00326-8.

Holder, G.D., Mokka, L.P., & Warzinski, R.P. (2001). Hydrate formation from single-phase aqueous solutions. ACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints, 46(1), 49-50.

Lee, S.Y., & Holder, G.D. (2001). Methane hydrates potential as a future energy source. Fuel Processing Technology, 71(1-3), 181-186.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/s0378-3820(01)00145-x.

Holder, G.D. (2000). Preface. 912, xiii-xiv.Wiley. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb06753.x.

Lee, S.Y., & Holder, G.D. (2000). Methane hydrates: Fuel of the future?. ACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints, 45(1), 151-154.

WARZINSKI, R.P., LYNN, R.J., & HOLDER, G.D. (2000). The Impact of CO2 Clathrate Hydrate on Deep Ocean Sequestration of CO2: Experimental Observations and Modeling Results. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 912(1), 226-234.Wiley. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb06776.x.

Zele, S.R., Lee, S.Y., & Holder, G.D. (1999). A Theory of Lattice Distortion in Gas Hydrates. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 103(46), 10250-10257.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/jp9917704.

Lee, S.Y., McGregor, E., & Holder, G.D. (1998). Experimental Study of Hydrate Crystal Growth from Methane, Carbon Dioxide, and Methane + Propane Mixtures. Energy & Fuels, 12(2), 212-215.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ef9701955.

Lee, S.Y., McGregor, E., & Holder, G.D. (1997). An experimental study of hydrate crystal growth from methane, carbon dioxide, methane+propane mixtures. ACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints, 42(2), 512-514.

Marano, J.J., & Holder, G.D. (1997). Characterization of Fischer-Tropsch liquids for vapor-liquid equilibria calculations. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, 138(1-2), 1-21.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0378-3812(97)00166-0.

Marano, J.J., & Holder, G.D. (1997). General equation for correlating the thermophysical properties of n-paraffins, n-olefins, and other homologous series .2. Asymptotic behavior correlations for PVT properties. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 36(5), 1895-1907.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie960512f.

Marano, J.J., & Holder, G.D. (1997). A general equation for correlating the thermophysical properties of n-paraffins, n-olefins, and other homologous series .3. Asymptotic behavior correlations for thermal and transport properties. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 36(6), 2399-2408.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie9605138.

Marano, J.J., & Holder, G.D. (1997). Prediction of bulk properties of Fischer-Tropsch derived liquids. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 36(6), 2409-2420.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie9605140.

Marano, J.J., & Holder, G.D. (1997). General equation for correlating the thermophysical properties of n-paraffins, n-olefins, and other homologous series .1. Formalism for developing asymptotic behavior correlations. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 36(5), 1887-1894.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie960511n.

Ferrance, J.P., & Holder, G.D. (1996). Development of a general model for coal liquefaction. ACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints, 41(3), 941-943.

Holder, G.D., & Warzinski, R.P. (1996). Formation and growth of CO2 clathrate hydrate shells around gas bubbles or liquid drops. ACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints, 41(4), 1452-1457.

Holder, G.D., Enick, R.M., & Mohamed, R.S. (1996). Solids formation in hydrocarbon systems. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 117(1-2), 126-137. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(95)02945-1.

Lee, C.H., Byeon, S.H., & Holder, G.D. (1996). Adsorption characteristics of toluene and naphthalene on silica gel under the subcritical and supercritical conditions using chromatographic techniques. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN, 29(4), 683-694.Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan. doi: 10.1252/jcej.29.683.

Reiser, J., McGregor, E., Jones, J., Enick, R., & Holder, G. (1996). Adamantane and diamantane; Phase diagrams, solubilities, and rates of dissolution. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, 117(1-2), 160-167.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(95)02949-4.

Venkatesh, K.R., Hu, J., Wang, W., Holder, G.D., Tierney, J.W., & Wender, I. (1996). Hydrocracking and hydroisomerization of long-chain alkanes and polyolefins over metal-promoted anion-modified zirconium oxides. ENERGY & FUELS, 10(6), 1163-1170.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ef960049j.

Holder, G.D., Cugini, A.V., & Warzinski, R.P. (1995). Modeling Clathrate Hydrate Formation during Carbon Dioxide Injection into the Ocean. Environmental Science & Technology, 29(1), 276-278.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/es00001a037.

LEE, C.H., & HOLDER, G.D. (1995). USE OF SUPERCRITICAL-FLUID CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR OBTAINING MASS-TRANSFER COEFFICIENTS IN FLUID-SOLID SYSTEMS AT SUPERCRITICAL CONDITIONS. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 34(3), 906-914.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie00042a025.

P. Warzinski, R., V. Cugini, A., & D. Holder, G. (1995). Observations of CO2 clathrate hydrate formation and dissolution under deep-ocean disposal conditions. Coal Science and Technology, 24(C), 1931-1934.Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/s0167-9449(06)80198-9.

Cugini, A.V., Krastman, D., Martello, D.V., Frommell, E.F., Wells, A.W., & Holder, G.D. (1994). Effect of catalyst dispersion on coal liquefaction with iron catalysts. Energy & Fuels, 8(1), 83-87.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ef00043a014.

HOLDER, G.D., ZELE, S., ENICK, R., & LEBLOND, C. (1994). MODELING THERMODYNAMICS AND KINETICS OF HYDRATE FORMATION. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NATURAL GAS HYDRATES, 715(1 Natural Gas H), 344-354.Wiley. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1994.tb38847.x.

Hwang, M.J., Holder, G.D., & Zele, S.R. (1993). Lattice distortion by guest molecules in gas-hydrates. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 83(C), 437-444.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(93)87048-6.

LEE, C.H., & HOLDER, G.D. (1993). VAPOR-LIQUID-EQUILIBRIA IN THE SYSTEMS TOLUENE NAPHTHALENE AND CYCLOHEXANE NAPHTHALENE. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING DATA, 38(2), 320-323.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/je00010a034.

KOSAL, E., LEE, C.H., & HOLDER, G.D. (1992). SOLUBILITY OF PROGESTERONE, TESTOSTERONE, AND CHOLESTEROL IN SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS. JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS, 5(3), 169-179.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0896-8446(92)90004-4.

LEE, C.H., CHEN, Q., MOHAMED, R.S., & HOLDER, G.D. (1992). VAPOR-LIQUID-EQUILIBRIA IN THE SYSTEMS OF TOLUENE/ANILINE, ANILINE/NAPHTHALENE, AND NAPHTHALENE/QUINOLINE. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING DATA, 37(2), 179-183.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/je00006a011.

LEE, C.H., DEMPSEY, D.M., MOHAMED, R.S., & HOLDER, G.D. (1992). VAPOR-LIQUID-EQUILIBRIA IN THE SYSTEMS OF NORMAL-DECANE/TETRALIN, NORMAL-HEXADECANE/TETRALIN, NORMAL-DECANE/1-METHYLNAPHTHALENE, AND 1-METHYLNAPHTHALENE/TETRALIN. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING DATA, 37(2), 183-186.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/je00006a012.

PRADHAN, V.R., HOLDER, G.D., WENDER, I., & TIERNEY, J.W. (1992). KINETIC MODELING OF DIRECT LIQUEFACTION OF WYODAK COAL CATALYZED BY SULFATED IRON-OXIDES. INDUSTRIAL & ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY RESEARCH, 31(8), 2051-2056.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie00008a031.

Warzinski, R.P., & Holder, G.D. (1992). Pyridine treatment of illinois no. 6 coal. Fuel, 71(9), 993-1002.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0016-2361(92)90107-y.

Warzinski, R.P., Lee, C.H., & Holder, G.D. (1992). Supercritical-fluid solubilization of catalyst precursors: The solubility and phase behavior of molybdenum hexacarbonyl in supercritical carbon dioxide and application to the direct liquefaction of coal. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 5(1), 60-71.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0896-8446(92)90043-j.

Hwang, M.J., Wright, D.A., Kapur, A., & Holder, G.D. (1990). An experimental study of crystallization and crystal growth of methane hydrates from melting ice. Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Molecular Recognition in Chemistry, 8(1-2), 103-116.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/bf01131291.

Lim, G.B., Holder, G.D., & Shah, Y.T. (1990). Mass transfer in gas-solid systems at supercritical conditions. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 3(4), 186-197.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0896-8446(90)90022-e.

MOHAMED, R.S., ENICK, R.M., BENDALE, P.G., & HOLDER, G.D. (1989). CORRECTIONS FOR “EMPIRICAL TWO-PARAMETER MIXING RULES FOR A CUBIC EQUATION-OF-STATE”. Chemical Engineering Communications, 79(1), 243-245.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/00986448908940039.

Enick, R.M., Holder, G.D., & Morsi, B.I. (1988). A Thermodynamic Correlation for the Minimum Miscibility Pressure in CO2 Flooding of Petroleum Reservoirs. SPE Reservoir Engineering, 3(01), 81-92.Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). doi: 10.2118/14518-pa.

Herrick, D.E., Holder, G.D., Shah, Y.T., & Bruggeman, J. (1988). Acceleration of chlorination of alumina using supercritical CCl4. AIChE Journal, 34(4), 669-671.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/aic.690340416.

Holder, G.D., Zetts, S.P., & Pradhan, N. (1988). Phase Behavior in Systems Containing Clathrate Hydrates: A Review. Reviews in Chemical Engineering, 5(1-4), 1-70.Walter de Gruyter GmbH. doi: 10.1515/revce.1988.5.1-4.1.

Enick, R.M., Holder, G.D., & Mohamed, R. (1987). Four-Phase Flash Equilibrium Calculations Using the Peng-Robinson Equation of State and a Mixing Rule for Asymmetric Systems. SPE Reservoir Engineering, 2(04), 687-694.Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). doi: 10.2118/14148-pa.

Holder, G.D., Malone, R.D., & Lawson, W.F. (1987). Effects of Gas Composition and Geothermal Properties on the Thickness and Depth of Natural-Gas-Hydrate Zones. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 39(09), 1147-1152.Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). doi: 10.2118/13595-pa.

Kamath, V.A., & Holder, G.D. (1987). Dissociation heat transfer characteristics of methane hydrates. AIChE Journal, 33(2), 347-350.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/aic.690330228.

Klara, S.M., Mohamed, R.S., Dempsey, D.M., & Holder, G.D. (1987). Vapor-liquid equilibria for the binary systems of benzene-toluene, diphenylmethane-toluene, m-cresol-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene, and quinoline-benzene. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 32(2), 143-147.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/je00048a004.

Kosal, E., & Holder, G.D. (1987). Solubility of anthracene and phenanthrene mixtures in supercritical carbon dioxide. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 32(2), 148-150.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/je00048a005.

Mohamed, R.S., & Holder, G.D. (1987). High pressure phase behavior in systems containing CO2 and heavier compounds with similar vapor pressures. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 32(3), 295-317.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(87)85060-4.

MOHAMED, R.S., ENICK, R.M., BENDALE, P.G., & HOLDER, G.D. (1987). EMPIRICAL 2 PARAMETER MIXING RULES FOR A CUBIC EQUATION-OF-STATE. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATIONS, 59(1-6), 259-275.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/00986448708911999.

Thakore, J.L., & Holder, G.D. (1987). Solid vapor azeotropes in hydrate-forming systems. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 26(3), 462-469.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/ie00063a011.

Deshpande, G.V., Holder, G.D., & Shah, Y.T. (1986). Kinetics of coal liquefaction under supercritical conditions. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 25(3), 705-710.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/i200034a018.

Enick, R.M., Holder, G.D., Grenko, J.A., & Brainard, A.J. (1986). Four-Phase Flash Equilibrium Calculations for Multicomponent Systems Containing Water. ACS Symposium Series, 494-518.American Chemical Society. doi: 10.1021/bk-1986-0300.ch024.

Holder, G.D. (1986). Phase behavior in fluid-solid systems. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 29(C), 447-455.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(86)85043-9.

Pollack, N.R., Enick, R.M., Holder, G.D., & Mangone, J. (1986). EFFECT OF AN AQUEOUS PHASE ON THE CO//2/TETRADECANE AND CO//2/MALJAMAR CRUDE OILS SYSTEMS: EXPERIMENTAL AND MODELING RESULTS. Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, (Paper) SPE, 533-541.

ENICK, R., HOLDER, G.D., & MORSI, B.I. (1985). CRITICAL AND 3 PHASE-BEHAVIOR IN THE CARBON-DIOXIDE TRIDECANE SYSTEM. FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, 22(2), 209-224.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(85)85020-2.

Enick, R.M., Holder, G.D., & Morsi, B.I. (1985). THERMODYNAMIC CORRELATION FOR THE MINIMUM MISCIBILITY PRESSURE IN CO//2 FLOODING OF PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS. American Institute of Chemical Engineers, National Meeting, 3(1), 81-92.

Gopal, J.S., Holder, G.D., & Kosal, E. (1985). Solubility of solid and liquid mixtures in supercritical carbon dioxide. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 24(3), 697-701.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/i200030a029.

Gray, J.A., Holder, G.D., Brady, C.J., Cunningham, J.R., Freeman, J.R., & Wilson, G.M. (1985). Thermophysical properties of coal liquids. 3. Vapor pressure and heat of vaporization of narrow boiling coal liquid fractions. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 24(1), 97-107.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/i200028a018.

John, V.T., & Holder, G.D. (1985). Langmuir constants for spherical and linear molecules in clathrate hydrates. Validity of the cell theory. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 89(15), 3279-3285.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/j100261a023.

John, V.T., Papadopoulos, K.D., & Holder, G.D. (1985). A generalized model for predicting equilibrium conditions for gas hydrates. AIChE Journal, 31(2), 252-259.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/aic.690310212.

Towne, S.E., Shah, Y.T., Holder, G.D., Deshpande, G.V., & Cronauer, D.C. (1985). Liquefaction of coal using supercritical fluid mixtures. Fuel, 64(7), 883-889.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0016-2361(85)90137-1.

Deshpande, G.V., Holder, G.D., Bishop, A.A., Gopal, J., & Wender, I. (1984). Extraction of coal using supercritical water. Fuel, 63(7), 956-960.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0016-2361(84)90318-1.

Holder, G.D., & Kamath, V.A. (1984). Hydrates of (methane + cis-2-butene) and (methane + trans-2-butene). The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 16(4), 399-400.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9614(84)90179-4.

Holder, G.D., Kamath, V.A., & Godbole, S.P. (1984). The Potential of Natural Gas Hydrates as an Energy Resource. Annual Review of Energy, 9(1), 427-445.Annual Reviews. doi: 10.1146/annurev.eg.09.110184.002235.

Holder, G.D., Malekar, S.T., & Sloan, E.D. (1984). Determination of hydrate thermodynamic reference properties from experimental hydrate composition data. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Fundamentals, 23(1), 123-126.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/i100013a024.

Kamath, V.A., Holder, G.D., & Angert, P.F. (1984). Three phase interfacial heat transfer during the dissociation of propane hydrates. Chemical Engineering Science, 39(10), 1435-1442.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0009-2509(84)80001-9.

GRAY, J.A., HOLDER, G.D., BRADY, J.C., CUNNINGHAM, J.R., FREEMAN, J.R., & WILSON, G.M. (1983). Chemical and thermophysical properties of coal liquid factions. Journal of The Japan Petroleum Institute, 26(6), 409-417.Japan Petroleum Institute. doi: 10.1627/jpi1958.26.409.

Holder, G.D., & Gray, J.A. (1983). Thermophysical properties of coal liquids. 2. Correlating coal liquid densities. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 22(3), 424-429.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/i200022a013.

Holder, G.D., & John, V.T. (1983). Thermodynamics of multicomponent hydrate forming mixtures. Fluid Phase Equilibria, 14(C), 353-361.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(83)80141-1.

Holder, G.D., & Godbole, S.P. (1982). Measurement and prediction of dissociation pressures of isobutane and propane hydrates below the ice point. AIChE Journal, 28(6), 930-934.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/aic.690280607.

Holder, G.D., & Hand, J.H. (1982). Multiple-phase equilibria in hydrates from methane, ethane, propane and water mixtures. AIChE Journal, 28(3), 440-447.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/aic.690280312.

Holder, G.D., & Kamath, V.A. (1982). Experimental determination of dissociation pressures for hydrates of the cis- and trans-isomers of 2-butene below the ice temperature. The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 14(12), 1119-1128.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9614(82)90034-9.

Holder, G.D., & Manganiello, D.J. (1982). Hydrate dissociation pressure minima in multicomponent systems. Chemical Engineering Science, 37(1), 9-16.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0009-2509(82)80062-6.

Holder, G.D., Angert, P.F., John, V.T., & Yen, S. (1982). A Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermal Recovery of Gas From Hydrates in the Earth (includes associated papers 11863 and 11924 ). Journal of Petroleum Technology, 34(05), 1127-1132.Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). doi: 10.2118/8929-pa.

John, V.T., & Holder, G.D. (1982). Hydrates of methane + butane below the ice point. Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 27(1), 18-21.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/je00027a004.

John, V.T., & Holder, G.D. (1982). Contribution of second and subsequent water shells to the potential energy of guest-host interactions in clathrate hydrates. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 86(4), 455-459.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/j100393a008.

John, V.T., & Holder, G.D. (1981). Choice of cell size in the cell theory of hydrate phase gas-water interactions. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 85(13), 1811-1814.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/j150613a010.

Holder, G.D., & Grigoriou, G.C. (1980). Hydrate dissociation pressures of (methane + ethane + water) existence of a locus of minimum pressures. The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 12(11), 1093-1104.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0021-9614(80)90166-4.

Holder, G.D., Corbin, G., & Papadopoulos, K.D. (1980). Thermodynamic and Molecular Properties of Gas Hydrates from Mixtures Containing Methane, Argon, and Krypton. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Fundamentals, 19(3), 282-286.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/i160075a008.

Holder, G.D., Katz, D.L., & Hand, J.H. (1976). HYDRATE FORMATION IN SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENTS. AAPG Bulletin (American Association of Petroleum Geologists), 60(6), 981-988.

Verma, V.K., Hand, J.H., Katz, D.L., & Holder, G.D. (1975). Denuding Hydrocarbon Liquids of Natural Gas Constituents by Hydrate Formation. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 27(02), 223-226.Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). doi: 10.2118/5059-pa.

Zhang, Y., Holder, G.D., & Warzinski, R.P. (2005). A comparison of variable reference potential models for gas hydrates. In AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings, (pp. 747-753).

Zhanga, Y., Holder, G.D., & Warzinskic, R.P. (2005). A comparison of variable reference potential models for gas hydrates. In AIChE Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings, 2005.

Zhang, Y., Warzinski, R.P., Lynn, R.J., & Holder, G.D. (2004). Mass transfer coefficient and solubility of CO 2 drops and CO 2 hydrates under simulated deep ocean situations. In AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings, (pp. 6975-6985).

Zhang, Y., Warzinski, R.P., Lynn, R.J., & Holder, G.D. (2004). Mass transfer coefficient and solubility of CO2 drops and CO2 hydrates under simulated deep ocean situations. In AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings.

LEE, S.Y., & HOLDER, G.D. (2000). A Generalized Model for Calculating Equilibrium States of Gas Hydrates: Part II. In Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 912(1), (pp. 614-622).Wiley. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2000.tb06816.x.

Ataai, M.M., Holder, G.D., & Toplak, R.F. (1997). Research experience for undergraduates at the University of Pittsburgh department of chemical and petroleum engineering. In Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, 3, (pp. 1140-1145).

Nejib, U.R. (1997). Deans Session: Resource, Priorities, Decisions and the Delivery of Engineering Education. In Proceedings Frontiers in Education 1997 27th Annual Conference. Teaching and Learning in an Era of Change, 3, (p. 1233).Stipes Publishing. doi: 10.1109/fie.1997.632641.

Warzinski, R.P., Bergman, P.D., Masutani, S.M., & Holder, G.D. (1997). The effect of CO2 clathrate hydrate on the ocean disposal of CO2: A review of DOE-sponsored research. In ACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints, 42(2), (pp. 578-581).

Holder, G.D., Enick, R.M., & Mohamed, R.S. (1996). Solids formation in hydrocarbon systems. In FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, 117(1-2), (pp. 126-137).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(95)02945-1.

Holder, G.D., Enick, R.M., Jones, J.W., Reiser, J.A., & LeBlond, C.R. (1993). Dynamic gas hydrate formation and properties of diamondoids. In Proceedings of the Gas Technology Symposium, (pp. 253-266). doi: 10.2523/26164-ms.

Warzinski, R.P., McKeegan, D.P., & Holder, G.D. (1988). Fractionation of heavy coal liquefaction products by supercritical fluid distillation. In American Institute of Chemical Engineers, National Meeting.

Deshpande, G.V., Holder, G.D., & Shah, Y.T. (1987). Effect of Solvent Density on Coal Liquefaction Kinetics. In ACS Symposium Series, (pp. 251-265).American Chemical Society. doi: 10.1021/bk-1987-0329.ch020.

Holder, G.D., & Hwang, M.J. (1987). Adsorption theory in clathrate hydrates. (pp. 255-264).

Mangone, D.J., Enick, R.M., & Holder, G.D. (1986). GENERALIZED DESCRIPTION OF MULTIPLE PHASE BEHAVIOR IN ISOTHERMAL, ISOBARIC SYSTEMS. the Fourth International Conference of Fluid Properties and Phase Equilibria for Chemical Process Design.Lo-Skolen, Denmark.

MANGONE, D.J., ENICK, R.M., & HOLDER, G.D. (1986). A GENERALIZED DESCRIPTION OF MULTIPLE PHASE-BEHAVIOR IN ISOTHERMAL, ISOBARIC SYSTEMS. In FLUID PHASE EQUILIBRIA, 30(C), (pp. 327-335).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0378-3812(86)80066-8.

Mohamed, R.S., & Holder, G. (1986). HIGH PRESSURE PHASE BEHAVIOR IN SYSTEMS CONTAINING CO//2 AND HEAVIER COMPOUNDS WITH SIMILAR VAPOR PRESSURES. In American Institute of Chemical Engineers, National Meeting.

Deshpande, G.V., Holder, G.D., & Shah, Y.T. (1985). EFFECT OF SOLVENT DENSITY ON COAL LIQUEFACTION UNDER SUPERCRITICAL CONDITIONS. In ACS Division of Fuel Chemistry, Preprints, 30(3), (pp. 112-118).

Enick, R., Holder, G.D., & Morsi, B.I. (1985). PHASE BEHAVIOR IN THE CARBON DIOXIDE/TRIDECANE SYSTEM. In American Institute of Chemical Engineers, National Meeting.

Enick, R.M., Holder, G.D., & Morsi, B.I. (1985). EQUATION OF STATE CORRELATION FOR THE MINIMUM MISCIBILITY PRESSURE OF CARBON DIOXIDE FLOODS. In Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, (Paper) SPE, (pp. 259-274).

Holder, G.D., Malone, R.D., & Lawson, W.F. (1985). EFFECTS OF GAS COMPOSITION AND GEOTHERMAL PROPERTIES ON THE THICKNESS AND DEPTH OF NATURAL GAS HYDRATE ZONES. In Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, (Paper) SPE, (pp. 51-57).

Deshpande, G.V., Holder, G.D., Gopal, J., & Wender, I. (1984). CONVERSION OF COAL TO GASES TO LIQUIDS USING SUPERCRITICAL WATER. In United States Department of Energy, Morgantown Energy Technology Center (Report) DOE/METC, 2, (pp. 736-752).

Holder, G.D., & Kamath, V.A. (1984). FORMATION AND DISSOCIATION OF METHANE HYDRATE. In American Institute of Chemical Engineers, National Meeting.

John, V.T., & Holder, G.D. (1984). LANGMUIR CONSTANTS FOR SPHERICAL AND LINEAR GUEST MOLECULES IN HYDRATE CAGES - ERRORS IN THE SMOOTHED-CELL APPROACH. In American Institute of Chemical Engineers, National Meeting.

Gopal, J.S., & Holder, G.D. (1983). SUPERCRITICAL BEHAVIOR IN MULTICOMPONENT SYSTEMS. In American Institute of Chemical Engineers, National Meeting.

Holder, G.D., & Angert, P.F. (1982). Simulation of Gas Production From a Reservoir Containing Both Gas Hydrates and Free Natural Gas. In All Days, 1982-September.SPE. doi: 10.2118/11105-ms.

Holder, G.D., & Angert, P.F. (1982). SIMULATION OF GAS PRODUCTION FROM A RESERVOIR CONTAINING BOTH GAS HYDRATES AND FREE NATURAL GAS. In Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, (Paper) SPE.

Kamath, V.A., & Holder, G.D. (1982). HYDRATES OF PROPANE/N-BUTANE, PROPANE/TRANS-2-BUTENE, PROPANE/ISOBUTANE, CIS-2-BUTENE AND TRANS-2-BUTENE BELOW THE ICE POINT. In Annual Meeting - American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

Holder, G.D., & Angert, P. (1981). METHANE HYDRATE AS A GAS RESOURCE. In Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, 2, (pp. 1245-1248).

Holder, G.D., John, V.T., & Yen, S. (1980). GEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF GAS PRODUCTION FROM IN-SITU GAS HYDRATES. In Water Pollution Control (Maidstone, England), (pp. 59-64).