headshot

Melissa Bilec

Professor
Roberta A. Luxbacher Faculty Fellow
Dr. Bilec's Built Environment and Sustainable Engineering @bilecbese Civil & Environmental Engr

overview

•Secured ~$6.34 million as PI or Co-PI, including 10 NSF grants and 3 supplements. •Developed a research program in the realm of high-performance buildings and communities, sustainable healthcare, life cycle assessment, and indoor air quality. •Published 110 peer reviewed publications - 63 peer reviewed journal articles and 47 peer reviewed conference proceedings. An additional 4 articles are submitted and under review. •Graduated 9 PhD students with 4 PhD students in progress. Advised 43 undergraduate researchers. 3 Post-Doctoral advisees. •Developed a new M.S. in Sustainable Engineering degree and an Undergraduate Certificate in Sustainability. •Received four education excellence awards, including Carnegie Science Center Award in Higher Education and funding from NSF for developing innovative engineering education programs; developed five new sustainability classes. •Leadership: Deputy Director at the Mascaro Center for Sustainable; ELATE training •Committed to diversity efforts, serving on Engineering Diversity Advisory Committee and AGEP Internal Advisory Board, faculty advisor for SWE. •Developed an international collaboration in France with Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (CSTB) and University of Toulouse. Hosted Fulbright Fellow (2018).

about

(2017) Invited to serve as Member of International Expert Selection Committee - Target GHG Collaborative R&D Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada / Ontario Centres of Excellence.

(2017) Roberta A. Luxbacher Faculty Fellow.

(2016) White House Frontiers Conference, Local Track Lead,.

(2016) Invited to attend the National Academy of Engineers Grand Challenge Scholar Summit at the White House, Washington, DC.

(2016) Best Mentor- Mentee Team Award (3rd place), Mentor AGEP-TDAE,.

(2016) Outstanding Mentor Award, University of Pittsburgh Postdoctoral Association Award,.

(2012) Carnegie Science Award in the University/Post-Secondary Category, Winner.

(2011) Carnegie Science Award in the University/Post-Secondary Category, Honorable Mention.

(2011) National Academy of Engineering: Nominated and selected to attend Frontiers of Engineering Education.

(2010) Lisa Weiland and Melissa Bilec: Upon completion of the "JC Penny" project in Vandergrift it received a "Top Ten Preservation Opportunities Award" for 2010 from the Young Preservationist Association of Pittsburgh (YPA), and was selected as a feature project by ESW national.

(2009) Provost's Innovation in Excellence Award.

(2007) Best Conference Paper in Sustainability Track: Ries, R., Bilec M., Needy, K. L., and Gokhan, N. M. (2007). "Green Building Construction: Cost/Benefit Analysis of a Precast Manufacturing Plant." 2007 ASCE Construction Research Congress Proceedings, May 6-8, 2007, Grand Bahamas Island - Received Best Paper Award.

(2000 - 2001) Performance Award Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh.

(2000) Tau Beta Pi.

(2000) Chi Epsilon.

(1999) Teaching Assistant of the Year, University of Pittsburgh.

(1998) Honors Scholarship.

(1998) President's Scholarship.

Ph.D., Civil Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 2007

M.S., Civil Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, 1999

B.S., Civil Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Magna Cum Laude, 1997

Babbitt, C.W., Althaf, S., Cruz Rios, F., Bilec, M.M., & Graedel, T.E. (2021). The role of design in circular economy solutions for critical materials. One Earth, 4(3), 353-362.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.oneear.2021.02.014.

Clark, R., Spisso, A., Ketchman, K.J., Landis, A.E., Parrish, K., Mohammadiziazi, R., & Bilec, M.M. (2021). Gamifying Sustainable Engineering Courses: Student and Instructor Perspectives of Community, Engagement, Learning, and Retention. JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING EDUCATION, 147(4), 04021009.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EI.2643-9115.0000047.

Cruz Rios, F., Grau, D., & Bilec, M. (2021). Barriers and Enablers to Circular Building Design in the US: An Empirical Study. JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT, 147(10), 04021117.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0002109.

Mohammadiziazi, R., Copeland, S., & Bilec, M.M. (2021). Urban building energy model: Database development, validation, and application for commercial building stock. ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, 248, 111175.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2021.111175.

Bilec, M. (2020). NET ZERO ENERGY BUILDING: PREDICTED AND UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES. JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING, 15(2), 251-252.

Gardner, H.M., Hasik, V., Banawi, A., Olinzock, M., & Bilec, M.M. (2020). Whole Building Life Cycle Assessment of a Living Building. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 26(4), 04020039.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000436.

Kljajic, M.V., Andelkovic, A.S., Hasik, V., Muncan, V.M., & Bilec, M. (2020). Shallow geothermal energy integration in district heating system: An example from Serbia. RENEWABLE ENERGY, 147, 2791-2800.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2018.11.103.

MacNeill, A.J., Hopf, H., Khanuja, A., Alizamir, S., Bilec, M., Eckelman, M.J., Hernandez, L., McGain, F., Simonsen, K., Thiel, C., Young, S., Lagasse, R., & Sherman, J.D. (2020). Transforming The Medical Device Industry: Road Map To A Circular Economy. HEALTH AFFAIRS, 39(12), 2088-2097.Health Affairs (Project Hope). doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2020.01118.

Mohammadiziazi, R., & Bilec, M.M. (2020). Application of Machine Learning for Predicting Building Energy Use at Different Temporal and Spatial Resolution under Climate Change in USA. BUILDINGS, 10(8), 139.MDPI AG. doi: 10.3390/buildings10080139.

Rickenbacker, H.J., Collinge, W.O., Hasik, V., Ciranni, A., Smith, I., Colao, P., Sharrard, A.L., & Bilec, M.M. (2020). Development of a framework for indoor air quality assessments in energy conservation districts. SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND SOCIETY, 52, 101831.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101831.

Rickenbacker, H.J., Vaden, J.M., & Bilec, M.M. (2020). Engaging Citizens in Air Pollution Research: Investigating the Built Environment and Indoor Air Quality and Its Impact on Quality of Life. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 26(4), 04020041.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000439.

Sherman, J.D., Thiel, C., MacNeill, A., Eckelman, M.J., Dubrow, R., Hopf, H., Lagasse, R., Bialowitz, J., Costello, A., Forbes, M., Stancliffe, R., Anastas, P., Anderko, L., Baratz, M., Barna, S., Bhatnagar, U., Burnham, J., Cai, Y., Cassels-Brown, A., Cimprich, A.F.P., Cole, H., Coronado-Garcia, L., Duane, B., Grisotti, G., Hartwell, A., Kumar, V., Kurth, A., Leapman, M., Morris, D.S., Overcash, M., Parvatker, A.G., Pencheon, D., Pollard, A., Robaire, B., Rockne, K., Sadler, B.L., Schenk, B., Sethi, T., Sussman, L.S., Thompson, J., Twomey, J.M., Vermund, S.H., Vukelich, D., Wasim, N., Wilson, D., Young, S.B., Zimmerman, J., & Bilec, M.M. (2020). The Green Print: Advancement of Environmental Sustainability in Healthcare. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING, 161, 104882.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.104882.

Hasik, V., Escott, E., Bates, R., Carlisle, S., Faircloth, B., & Bilec, M.M. (2019). Comparative whole-building life cycle assessment of renovation and new construction. BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, 161, 106218.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.106218.

Hasik, V., Ororbia, M., Warn, G.P., & Bilec, M.M. (2019). Whole building life cycle environmental impacts and costs: A sensitivity study of design and service decisions. BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, 163, 106316.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.106316.

Rickenbacker, H., Brown, F., & Bilec, M. (2019). Creating environmental consciousness in underserved communities: Implementation and outcomes of community-based environmental justice and air pollution research. SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND SOCIETY, 47, 101473.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101473.

Thiel, C.L., Fiorin Carvalho, R., Hess, L., Tighe, J., Laurence, V., Bilec, M.M., & Baratz, M. (2019). Minimal Custom Pack Design and Wide-Awake Hand Surgery: Reducing Waste and Spending in the Orthopedic Operating Room. Hand (N Y), 14(2), 271-276.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1558944717743595.

Burke, R.D., Dancz, C.L.A., Ketchman, K.J., Bilec, M.M., Boyer, T.H., Davidson, C., Landis, A.E., & Parrish, K. (2018). Faculty Perspectives on Sustainability Integration in Undergraduate Civil and Environmental Engineering Curriculum. JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE, 144(3), 04018004.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000373.

Chhabra, J.P.S., Hasik, V., Bilec, M.M., & Warn, G.P. (2018). Probabilistic Assessment of the Life-Cycle Environmental Performance and Functional Life of Buildings due to Seismic Events. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 24(1), 04017035.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000284.

Collinge, W.O., Rickenbacker, H.J., Landis, A.E., Thiel, C.L., & Bilec, M.M. (2018). Dynamic Life Cycle Assessments of a Conventional Green Building and a Net Zero Energy Building: Exploration of Static, Dynamic, Attributional, and Consequential Electricity Grid Models. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 52(19), 11429-11438.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b06535.

Dancz, C.L.A., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2018). Active Experiential Sustainable Engineering Module for Engineering Education. JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE, 144(1), 04017011.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000345.

Hasik, V., Chhabra, J.P.S., Warn, G.P., & Bilec, M.M. (2018). Review of approaches for integrating loss estimation and life cycle assessment to assess impacts of seismic building damage and repair. ENGINEERING STRUCTURES, 175, 123-137.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.08.011.

Ketchman, K.J., Khanna, V., Parrish, K., & Bilec, M.M. (2018). Small business electricity disaggregation: Where can we improve? Towards increased transparency of appliance modal parameters. ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, 176, 194-202.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.07.020.

Ketchman, K.J., Parrish, K., Khanna, V., & Bilec, M.M. (2018). Synergizing disparate component-level energy resources into a single whole building tool to support energy conservation action in small commercial buildings. ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, 176, 325-332.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.06.053.

Ketchman, K.J., Riley, D.R., Khanna, V., & Bilec, M.M. (2018). Survey of Homeowners’ Motivations for the Adoption of Energy Efficiency Measures: Evaluating a Holistic Energy Assessment Program. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 24(4), 04018024.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000310.

Thiel, C.L., Woods, N.C., & Bilec, M.M. (2018). Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Laparoscopic Surgery. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 108(S2), S158-S164.American Public Health Association. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304397.

Tian, S., & Bilec, M. (2018). Integrating site-specific dispersion modeling into life cycle assessment, with a focus on inhalation risks in chemical production. JOURNAL OF THE AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION, 68(11), 1224-1238.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10962247.2018.1496189.

Tian, S., Ecoff, S., Sebroski, J., Miller, J., Rickenbacker, H., & Bilec, M. (2018). An indoor air quality evaluation in a residential retrofit project using spray polyurethane foam. JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE, 15(5), 363-375.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2018.1428332.

Al-Ghamdi, S.G., & Bilec, M.M. (2017). Green Building Rating Systems and Whole-Building Life Cycle Assessment: Comparative Study of the Existing Assessment Tools. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 23(1), 04016015.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000222.

Dancz, C., Ketchman, K., Burke, R., Hottle, T., Parrish, K., Bilec, M., & Landis, A. (2017). Utilizing Civil Engineering Senior Design Capstone Projects to Evaluate Students' Sustainability Education across Engineering Curriculum. 2017 Fall AEE Journal, 6(2).American Society for Engineering Education. doi: 10.18260/3-1-370.620-31325.

Dancz, C.L.A., Parrish, K., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2017). Assessment of Students' Mastery of Construction Management and Engineering Concepts through Board Game Design. JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE, 143(4), 04017009.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000340.

Hasik, V., Anderson, N.E., Collinge, W.O., Thiel, C.L., Khanna, V., Wirick, J., Piacentini, R., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2017). Evaluating the Life Cycle Environmental Benefits and Trade-Offs of Water Reuse Systems for Net-Zero Buildings. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 51(3), 1110-1119.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.est.6b03879.

Hottle, T.A., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2017). Biopolymer production and end of life comparisons using life cycle assessment. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING, 122, 295-306.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.03.002.

Ketchman, K., Dancz, C.L.A., Burke, R.D., Parrish, K., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2017). Sustainable Engineering Cognitive Outcomes: Examining Different Approaches for Curriculum Integration. JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE, 143(3), 04017002.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EI.1943-5541.0000324.

Khanna, V., Bilec, M., Madani, K., Pfister, S., & Kenway, S. (2017). Food-Energy-Water Nexus. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING, 126, A8-A9.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.07.044.

Unger, S.R., Hottle, T.A., Hobbs, S.R., Thiel, C.L., Campion, N., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2017). Do single-use medical devices containing biopolymers reduce the environmental impacts of surgical procedures compared with their plastic equivalents?. JOURNAL OF HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH & POLICY, 22(4), 218-225.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/1355819617705683.

Vora, N., Shah, A., Bilec, M.M., & Khanna, V. (2017). Food-Energy-Water Nexus: Quantifying Embodied Energy and GHG Emissions from Irrigation through Virtual Water Transfers in Food Trade. ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING, 5(3), 2119-2128.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b02122.

Whiston, M.M., Collinge, W.O., Bilec, M.M., & Schaefer, L.A. (2017). Exergy and economic comparison between kW-scale hybrid and stand-alone solid oxide fuel cell systems. JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, 353, 152-166.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.03.113.

Al-Ghamdi, S.G., & Bilec, M.M. (2016). On-Site Renewable Energy and Green Buildings: A System-Level Analysis (vol 50, pg 4606, 2016). ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 50(14), 7934.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.est.6b03002.

Al-Ghamdi, S.G., & Bilec, M.M. (2016). On-Site Renewable Energy and Green Buildings: A System-Level Analysis. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 50(9), 4606-4614.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b05382.

Campion, N., Thiel, C.L., Focareta, J., & Bilec, M.M. (2016). Understanding Green Building Design and Healthcare Outcomes: Evidence-Based Design Analysis of an Oncology Unit. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 22(3), 04016009.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000217.

Chopra, S.S., Dillon, T., Bilec, M.M., & Khanna, V. (2016). A network-based framework for assessing infrastructure resilience: a case study of the London metro system. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, 13(118), 20160113.The Royal Society. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2016.0113.

Collinge, W.O., DeBlois, J.C., Landis, A.E., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2016). Hybrid Dynamic-Empirical Building Energy Modeling Approach for an Existing Campus Building. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 22(1), 04015010.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(asce)ae.1943-5568.0000183.

Hottle, T.A., Agueero, M.L., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2016). Alkaline Amendment for the Enhancement of Compost Degradation for Polylactic Acid Biopolymer Products. COMPOST SCIENCE & UTILIZATION, 24(3), 159-173.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/1065657X.2015.1102664.

Unger, S.R., Campion, N., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2016). Evaluating quantifiable metrics for hospital green checklists. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, 127, 134-142.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.03.167.

Xu, H., Collinge, W.O., Schaefer, L.A., Landis, A.E., Bilec, M.M., & Jones, A.K. (2016). Towards a commodity solution for the internet of things. COMPUTERS & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, 52, 138-156.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.compeleceng.2016.03.009.

Al-Ghamdi, S.G., & Bilec, M.M. (2015). Life-Cycle Thinking and the LEED Rating System: Global Perspective on Building Energy Use and Environmental Impacts. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 49(7), 4048-4056.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/es505938u.

Campion, N., Thiel, C.L., Woods, N.C., Swanzy, L., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2015). Sustainable healthcare and environmental life-cycle impacts of disposable supplies: a focus on disposable custom packs. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, 94, 46-55.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.01.076.

Hottle, T.A., Bilec, M.M., Brown, N.R., & Landis, A.E. (2015). Toward zero waste: Composting and recycling for sustainable venue based events. WASTE MANAGEMENT, 38(1), 86-94.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.01.019.

Meeks, D., Hottle, T., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.B. (2015). Compostable biopolymer use in the real world: Stakeholder interviews to better understand the motivations and realities of use and disposal in the US. RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING, 105, 134-142.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2015.10.022.

Olinzock, M.A., Landis, A.E., Saunders, C.L., Collinge, W.O., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2015). Life cycle assessment use in the North American building community: summary of findings from a 2011/2012 survey. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT, 20(3), 318-331.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11367-014-0834-y.

Thiel, C.L., Eckelman, M., Guido, R., Huddleston, M., Landis, A.E., Sherman, J., Shrake, S.O., Copley-Woods, N., & Bilec, M.M. (2015). Environmental Impacts of Surgical Procedures: Life Cycle Assessment of Hysterectomy in the United States. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 49(3), 1779-1786.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/es504719g.

Whiston, M.M., Bilec, M.M., & Schaefer, L.A. (2015). Influence of the charge double layer on solid oxide fuel cell stack behavior. JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, 293, 767-777.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.05.085.

Whiston, M.M., Bilec, M.M., & Schaefer, L.A. (2015). SOFC Stack Model for Integration Into a Hybrid System: Stack Response to Control Variables. JOURNAL OF FUEL CELL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 12(3).ASME International. doi: 10.1115/1.4029877.

Banawi, A., & Bilec, M.M. (2014). A framework to improve construction processes: Integrating Lean, Green and Six Sigma. International Journal of Construction Management, 14(1), 45-55.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/15623599.2013.875266.

Basque, M. (2014). The influence of the built environment on active transport. University of Pittsburgh.

Collinge, W.O., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2014). Productivity metrics in dynamic LCA for whole buildings: Using a post-occupancy evaluation of energy and indoor environmental quality tradeoffs. BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, 82, 339-348.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.08.032.

Dale, A.T., & Bilec, M.M. (2014). The Regional Energy & Water Supply Scenarios (REWSS) model, part II: Case studies in Pennsylvania and Arizona. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 7, 237-246.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.seta.2014.02.006.

Dale, A.T., & Bilec, M.M. (2014). The Regional Energy & Water Supply Scenarios (REWSS) model, Part I: Framework, procedure, and validation. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 7, 227-236.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.seta.2014.02.003.

Thiel, C.L., Needy, K.L., Ries, R., Hupp, D., & Bilec, M.M. (2014). Building design and performance: A comparative longitudinal assessment of a Children's hospital. BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, 78, 130-136.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2014.04.001.

Campion, N., Thiel, C.L., DeBlois, J., Woods, N.C., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Life cycle assessment perspectives on delivering an infant in the US (vol 452, pg 191, 2013). SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 458, 647.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.04.050.

Collinge, W., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Indoor environmental quality in a dynamic life cycle assessment framework for whole buildings: Focus on human health chemical impacts. BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, 62, 182-190.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.01.015.

Collinge, W.O., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Dynamic life cycle assessment: framework and application to an institutional building. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT, 18(3), 538-552.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11367-012-0528-2.

Collinge, W.O., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Erratum to: Dynamic life cycle assessment: framework and application to an institutional building. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 18(3), 745-746.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11367-012-0543-3.

Dale, A.T., Khanna, V., Vidic, R.D., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Process Based Life-Cycle Assessment of Natural Gas from the Marcellus Shale. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 47(10), 5459-5466.American Chemical Society (ACS). doi: 10.1021/es304414q.

Dale, A.T., Pereira de Lucena, A.F., Marriott, J., Moreira Cesar Borba, B.S., Schaeffer, R., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Modeling Future Life-Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Environmental Impacts of Electricity Supplies in Brazil. ENERGIES, 6(7), 3182-3208.MDPI AG. doi: 10.3390/en6073182.

DeBlois, J., Bilec, M., & Schaefer, L. (2013). Simulating home cooling load reductions for a novel opaque roof solar chimney configuration. APPLIED ENERGY, 112, 142-151.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.05.084.

DeBlois, J.C., Bilec, M.M., & Schaefer, L.A. (2013). Design and zonal building energy modeling of a roof integrated solar chimney. RENEWABLE ENERGY, 52, 241-250.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2012.10.023.

Hottle, T.A., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2013). Sustainability assessments of bio-based polymers. POLYMER DEGRADATION AND STABILITY, 98(9), 1898-1907.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.06.016.

Ketchman, K., & Bilec, M. (2013). Quantification of Particulate Matter from Commercial Building Excavation Activities Using Life-Cycle Approach. JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT, 139(12).American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000776.

Saunders, C.L., Landis, A.E., Mecca, L.P., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Analyzing the Practice of Life Cycle Assessment Focus on the Building Sector. JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY, 17(5), 777-788.Wiley. doi: 10.1111/jiec.12028.

Shrake, S.O., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2013). The application of a multi-faceted approach for evaluating and improving the life cycle environmental performance of service industries. JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, 42, 263-276.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.10.039.

Thiel, C.L., Campion, N., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). A Materials Life Cycle Assessment of a Net-Zero Energy Building. ENERGIES, 6(2), 1125-1141.MDPI AG. doi: 10.3390/en6021125.

Aktas, C.B., & Bilec, M.M. (2012). Service life prediction of residential interior finishes for life cycle assessment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT, 17(3), 362-371.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11367-011-0367-6.

Aktas, C.B., & Bilec, M.M. (2012). Impact of lifetime on US residential building LCA results. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT, 17(3), 337-349.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11367-011-0363-x.

Aktas, C.B., Ryan, K.C., Sweriduk, M.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2012). CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS TO LIMIT CONSTRUCTABILITY ISSUES ON A NET-ZERO ENERGY HOME. JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING, 7(4), 100-115.College Publishing. doi: 10.3992/jgb.7.4.100.

Campion, N., Thiel, C.L., DeBlois, J., Woods, N.C., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2012). Life cycle assessment perspectives on delivering an infant in the US. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 425, 191-198.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.03.006.

Rajagopalan, N., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2012). Life cycle assessment evaluation of green product labeling systems for residential construction. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT, 17(6), 753-763.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11367-012-0416-9.

Shrake, S., Thiel, C., Landis, A., & Bilec, M. (2012). Life Cycle Assessment as a Tool for Improving Service Industry Sustainability. IEEE, Potentials, 30(1), 10-15.

Shrake, S., Thiel, C., Landis, A., & Bilec, M. (2012). Life Cycle Assessment as a tool for Improving Service Industry Sustainability. IEEE Potentials, 31(1), 10-15.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/mpot.2011.943055.

Xue, X., Collinge, W.O., Shrake, S.O., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2012). Regional life cycle assessment of soybean derived biodiesel for transportation fleets. ENERGY POLICY, 48, 295-303.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.05.025.

Dale, A.T., Bilec, M.M., Marriott, J., Hartley, D., Jurgens, C., & Zatcoff, E. (2011). Preliminary Comparative Life-Cycle Impacts of Streetlight Technology. JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS, 17(4), 193-199.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)IS.1943-555X.0000064.

Bilec, M.M., Geary, M., Ries, R.J., Needy, K.L., & III, C.M.K. (2010). A Method for Quantifying the Benefits of Greening a Healthcare Facility. EMJ-ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT JOURNAL, 22(3), 3-11.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10429247.2010.11431867.

Bilec, M.M., Ries, R.J., & Matthews, H.S. (2010). Life-Cycle Assessment Modeling of Construction Processes for Buildings. JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS, 16(3), 199-205.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)IS.1943-555X.0000022.

Rajagopalan, N., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2010). RESIDENTIAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT MODELING: COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY OF INSULATING CONCRETE FORMS AND TRADITIONAL BUILDING MATERIALS. JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING, 5(3), 95-106.College Publishing. doi: 10.3992/jgb.5.3.95.

Shrake, S.O., Landis, A.E., Bilec, M.M., Collinge, W.O., & Xue, X. (2010). A comparative analysis of performance and cost metrics associated with a diesel to biodiesel fleet transition. ENERGY POLICY, 38(11), 7451-7456.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2010.08.031.

Bilec, M.M., Ries, R.J., Needy, K.L., Gokhan, M., Phelps, A.F., Enache-Pommer, E., Horman, M.J., Little, S.E., Powers, T.L., McGregor, E., & Sheane, C. (2009). ANALYSIS OF THE DESIGN PROCESS OF GREEN CHILDREN'S HOSPITALS: Focus on Process Modeling and Lessons Learned. JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING, 4(1), 121-134.College Publishing. doi: 10.3992/jgb.4.1.121.

Bilec, M., & Ries, R. (2007). Preliminary Study of Green Design and Project Delivery Method in the Public Sector. Journal of Green Building, 2(3), 151-160. doi: 10.3992/jgb.7.4.100.

Bilec, M., Ries, R., & Matthews, H.S. (2007). Sustainable development and green design - Who is leading the green initiative?. JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE, 133(4), 265-269.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1052-3928(2007)133:4(265).

Bilec, M., Ries, R., Matthews, H.S., & Sharrard, A.L. (2006). Example of a Hybrid Life-Cycle Assessment of Construction Processes. JOURNAL OF INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS, 12(4), 207-215.American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1076-0342(2006)12:4(207).

Ries, R., Bilec, M., Gokhan, N.M., & Needy, K.L. (2006). The Economic Benefits of Green Buildings: A Comprehensive Case Study. (Ranked #3 as the most often downloaded article in 2009). The Engineering Economist, 51(3), 259-295.

Sharrard, A., Bilec, M., & Ries, R.J. (2005). Editorial: Green Building Rating Systems and LCA. Journal of Contemporary Wood Engineering, 15(3), 11-13.

Bilec, M., & Obreja, C.D. (2020). Ship resistance and powering prediction of a fishing vessel. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 916(1), (p. 012011).IOP Publishing. doi: 10.1088/1757-899x/916/1/012011.

Copeland, S., & Bilec, M. (2020). Buildings as material banks using RFID and building information modeling in a circular economy. In Procedia CIRP, 90, (pp. 143-147).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2020.02.122.

Sinex, D.C.E., Besterfield-Sacre, M.E., Mena, I., Bilec, M., Abramowitch, S.D., & Wosu, S.N. (2020). The Development and Perceived Impact of Mentor-Mentee Retreats on the Long-Term Development and Enhancement of Mentor-Mentee Relationships. In 2020 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), 2020-October.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/fie44824.2020.9274055.

Gardner, H., Garcia, J., Hasik, V., Olinzock, M., Banawi, A., & Bilec, M.M. (2019). Materials life cycle assessment of a living building. In Procedia CIRP, 80, (pp. 458-463).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2019.01.021.

Mohammadiziazi, R., & Bilec, M.M. (2019). Developing a framework for urban building life cycle energy map with a focus on rapid visual inspection and image processing. In Procedia CIRP, 80, (pp. 464-469).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2019.01.048.

Rickenbacker, H.J., Collinge, W.O., & Bilec, M.M. (2018). Balancing indoor air quality and energy efficiency, district-scale improvements with life cycle benefits. In 15th Conference of the International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate, INDOOR AIR 2018.

Hasik, V., Chhabra, J.P.S., Warn, G.P., & Bilec, M.M. (2017). Investigation of the Sustainability and Resilience Characteristics of Buildings Including Existing and Potential Assessment Metrics. In AEI 2017, (pp. 1019-1033).American Society of Civil Engineers. doi: 10.1061/9780784480502.085.

Shemran, R.P., Clark, R.M., Bilec, M.M., Landis, A.E., & Parrish, K. (2017). Developing a framework to better engage students in STEM via game design: Findings from year 1. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings, 2017-June.

Dancz, C.L.A., Ketchman, K.J., Burke, R., Mahmud, R., Bilec, M.M., Parrish, K., Adams, E.A., Allenby, B., & Landis, A.E. (2016). Integrating sustainability grand challenges and experiential learning into engineering curricula: Years 1 through 3. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings, 2016-June.

Ketchman, K., Khanna, V., Riley, D., & Bilec, M. (2016). Evaluation of a Holistic Energy Assessment Program. In Procedia Engineering, 145, (pp. 468-475).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.04.020.

Rickenbacker, H.J., Collinge, W.O., Hasik, V., & Bilec, M.M. (2016). Indoor Air Quality Assessments of Diverse Buildings in an Energy Conservation District from a Life Cycle Assessment Lens. In Proceedings of the 3rd ACM International Conference on Systems for Energy-Efficient Built Environments, (pp. 207-210).ACM. doi: 10.1145/2993422.2993424.

Collinge, W.O., Thiel, C.L., Campion, N.A., Al-Ghamdi, S.G., Woloschin, C.L., Soratana, K., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2015). Integrating Life Cycle Assessment with Green Building and Product Rating Systems: North American Perspective. In Procedia Engineering, 118, (pp. 662-669).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2015.08.500.

Dancz, C.L.A., Ketchman, K.J., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2015). Redesign of a sustainability experiential learning module for transferabil-ity and portability. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings, 122nd ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Making Value for Society(122nd ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Making Value for Society).

Deblois, J.C., Collinge, W.O., Bilec, M.M., & Schaefer, L.A. (2015). Calibration and modeling for a dashboard that provides realtime feedback on energy saving strategies. In 14th International Conference of IBPSA - Building Simulation 2015, BS 2015, Conference Proceedings, (pp. 1055-1062).

Raiagopalan, N., Bilec, M., & Landis, A.E. (2015). Comparative life cycle assessment of insulating concrete forms with traditional residential wall sections. Presentation, Life Cycle Assessment IX.Boston, Massachusetts.

Xu, H., Bilec, M.M., Collinge, W.O., Schaefer, L.A., Landis, A.E., & Jones, A.K. (2015). Lynx: a self-organizing wireless sensor network with commodity palmtop computers. In 2015 ACM/IEEE International Workshop on System Level Interconnect Prediction (SLIP), 2015-July.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/slip.2015.7171712.

Xu, H., Li, Y., Collinge, W.O., Schaefer, L.A., Bilec, M.M., Jones, A.K., & Landis, A.E. (2015). Improving efficiency of wireless sensor networks through lightweight in-memory compression. In 2015 Sixth International Green and Sustainable Computing Conference (IGSC).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/igcc.2015.7393696.

Al-Ghamdi, S.G., & Bilec, M.M. (2014). Green Building Rating Systems and Environmental Impacts of Energy Consumption from an International Perspective. In ICSI 2014, (pp. 631-640).American Society of Civil Engineers. doi: 10.1061/9780784478745.058.

Antaya, C.L., Bilec, M.M., Adams, E.A., Chester, M., Parrish, K., Seager, T.P., & Landis, A.E. (2014). Integrating sustainability grand challenges and experiential learning into engineering curricula: A TUES2 collaborative research project. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Antaya, C.L., Parrish, K., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2014). Assessing comprehension with student-developed construction games. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Marks, J., Ketchman, K.J., Ii, D.R.R., Brown, L.R., & Bilec, M.M. (2014). Understanding the benefits of the flipped classroom in the context of sustainable engineering. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Whiston, M.M., Collinge, W.O., Bilec, M.M., & Schaefer, L.A. (2014). Dynamic Response of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stack to Changes in a University Building’s Load. In Volume 6A: Energy, 6A, (pp. IMECE2014-39206).American Society of Mechanical Engineers. doi: 10.1115/imece2014-39206.

Antaya, C.L., Bilec, M.M., Rizzo, P., & Landis, A.E. (2013). Incorporating sustainability into the civil engineering curriculum via cross course collaborations. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Campion, N., Bilec, M., & Copley-Woods, N. (2013). Custom birth pack comparison: An LCA perspective on healthcare. In 3rd International Congress on Sustainability Science and Engineering, ICOSSE 2013, (pp. 622-633).

Jones, A.K., Chen, Y., Collinge, W.O., Xu, H., Schaefer, L.A., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Considering fabrication in sustainable computing. In 2013 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design (ICCAD), (pp. 206-210).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/iccad.2013.6691120.

Jones, A.K., Liao, L., Collinge, W.O., Xu, H., Schaefer, L.A., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2013). Green computing: A life cycle perspective. In 2013 International Green Computing Conference Proceedings.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/igcc.2013.6604497.

Xu, H., Bilec, M.M., Schaefer, L.A., Landis, A.E., & Jones, A.K. (2013). Ocelot: A wireless sensor network and computing engine with commodity palmtop computers. In 2013 International Green Computing Conference Proceedings.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/igcc.2013.6604482.

Collinge, W.O., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2012). Integrating Indoor environmental quality metrics in a dynamic life cycle assessment framework for buildings. In 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/issst.2012.6227992.

Saunders, C.L., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., Schaefer, L.A., & Bilec, M.M. (2012). Utilizing measured energy usage to analyze design phase energy models. In 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/issst.2012.6227982.

Thiel, C.L., Campion, N., DeBlois, J., Woods, N.C., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2012). Life cycle assessment of medical procedures: Vaginal and cesarean section births. In 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/issst.2012.6228000.

Bilec, M.M., Hendrickson, C., Landis, A.E., & Matthews, H.S. (2011). Updating the benchmark Sustainable Engineering education report - Trends from 2005 to 2010. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Bilec, M.M., Hendrickson, C., Landis, A.E., & Matthews, H.S. (2011). Updating the benchmark Sustainable Engineering education report - Trends from 2005 to 2010. Presentation, American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition.Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Collinge, W.O., Liao, L., Xu, H., Saunders, C.L., Bilec, M.M., Landis, A.E., Jones, A.K., & Schaefer, L.A. (2011). Enabling dynamic life cycle assessment of buildings with wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology, (pp. 1-6).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/issst.2011.5936846.

Landis, A.E., Bilec, M.M., Klotz, L., & Pearce, A.R. (2011). Lessons learned from a distance learning research methods course co-taught by Clemson, University of Pittsburgh, and Virginia Tech. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Landis, A.E., Bilec, M.M., Klotz, L., & Pearce, A.R. (2011). Lessons learned from a distance learning research methods course co-taught by Clemson, University of Pittsburgh, and Virginia Tech. Presentation, American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition.Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Rajagopalan, N., Bilec, M., & Landis, A. (2011). Using an LCA approach to evaluate green labels. 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST).Chicago, Illinois. doi: 10.1109/issst.2011.5936907.

Shrake, S.O., Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2011). Greening the service industries: A case study of a United States engineering consulting firm. In Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/issst.2011.5936881.

Thiel, C.L., Campion, N., Bilec, M., Landis, A., & Copley-Woods, N. (2011). Use of Life Cycle Assessment in healthcare: A preliminary Cesarean section case study. Poster session presented at the meeting of 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST).Chicago, Illinois.

Aktas, C.B., Bilec, M.M., Marriott, J., & Landis, A.E. (2010). Life cycle energy consumption of pultruded flax fiber composites. In Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/issst.2010.5507753.

Bilec, M., Torick, D., Marriott, J., & Landis, A. (2009). Development and outcomes of a design for the environment course. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Bilec, M., Torick, D., Marriott, J., & Landis, A. (2009). Development and outcomes of a design for the environment course. Presentation, 116th American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition.Austin, Texas.

Rajagopalan, N., Bilec, M.M., & Landis, A.E. (2009). Comparative life cycle assessment of Insulating Concrete Forms with traditional residential wall sections. In 2009 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/issst.2009.5156707.

Beringer, A., Adomssent, M., & Scott, W. (2008). Sustainability in Higher Education Research. National Civil Engineering Department Heads Conference.Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. doi: 10.1080/13504620802469139.

Landis, A.E., & Bilec, M.M. (2008). Analysis, heuristics, and uncertainty of hybrid life cycle assessment: Agriculture and construction case studies. In Life-Cycle Civil Engineering - Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE '08, (pp. 941-945).

Needy, K.L.S., Gokhan, N.M., Bilec, M.M., Ries, R., Horman, M.J., Phelps, A.F., & Enache-Pommer, E. (2008). The use of process mapping to compare green children's hospital designs. In IIE Annual Conference and Expo 2008, (pp. 1220-1225).

Bilec, M., & Ries, R. (2007). PRELIMINARY STUDY OF GREEN DESIGN AND PROJECT DELIVERY METHODS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR. In JOURNAL OF GREEN BUILDING, 2(2), (pp. 151-160).College Publishing. doi: 10.3992/jgb.2.2.151.

Needy, K.L.S., Gokhan, N.M., Ries, R., & Bilec, M. (2007). Green building metrics: Research methodology, results, and future directions. In IIE Annual Conference and Expo 2007 - Industrial Engineering's Critical Role in a Flat World - Conference Proceedings, (pp. 1533-1538).

Ries, R., Bilec, M.M., Gokhan, N.M., & Needy, K.L. (2006). The Economic Benefits of Green Buildings: A Comprehensive Case Study. Presentation, Engineering Sustainability Conference.Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. doi: 10.1080/00137910600865469.

Matthews, H.S., Roth, M., Sharrard, A., & Bilec, M. (2005). Economic and environmental implications of construction energy use and generation under new EPA emission standards. In Construction Research Congress 2005: Broadening Perspectives - Proceedings of the Congress, (pp. 195-201).

Needy, K.L.S., Gokhan, N.M., Rettura, B., Ries, R., & Bilec, M. (2005). A research protocol for analyzing green building construction. In IIE Annual Conference and Exposition 2005.