headshot

George Stetten

Professor
Bioengineering Department

overview

George Stetten earned an A.B. in Engineering and Applied Physics from Harvard in 1976, an M.S. in Biology from NYU in 1986, an M.D. from the SUNY Syracuse in 1991, and a Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from UNC, Chapel Hill in 1999. Dr. Stetten wrote the software for the first computer system on board Deep Submersible Alvin at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, designed a telemetric egg to study incubation of endangered birds at the Bronx Zoo that was nominated for the 1992 Discover Magazine Award for Technological Innovation. He conducted the first full-scale classroom in which laptop computers were networked wirelessly in 1994, helped develop the first Real-Time 3D ultrasound scanner at Duke University, was a founding contributor to the National Library of Medicine Insight Toolkit for image analysis, and invented the "sonic flashlight," a device for image-guided medical procedures. He has been awarded a K08, three R01s, and an R21 from NIH, three contracts from the National Library of Medicine, as well as grants from the NSF and the Whitaker Foundation. He received the 2004 Chancellor's Distinguished Research Award in the Junior Scholar category from the University of Pittsburgh, the 2011-2012 Board of Visitors Faculty Award from the School of Engineering at the University of Pittsburgh, and is a fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. He is currently William Kepler Whiteford Professor in Bioengineering at the University of Pittsburgh, and Research Professor at the Robotics Institute at CMU. He also has courtesy appointments in Radiology at the University of Pittsburgh and Biomedical Engineering at CMU. He served as Co-Director of the CMU/Pitt Medical Scientist Training Program from 2007-2011. He directs the Visualization and Image Analysis (VIA) Laboratory.

about

(2011) Best Poster Award, Information Processing and Computer Assisted Intervention (IPCAI) conference.

(2011 - 2012) Board of Visitors Faculty Award, School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh..

(2010) Pitt Innovator Award.

(2009) Pitt Innovator Award.

(2008) William Kepler Whiteford Professorship, Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh.

(2007) Pitt Innovator Award.

(2006) Elected Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE).

(2006) Elected to represent Bioengineering on the Faculty Honor Roll by the University of Pittsburgh Engineering Student Council.

(2004) Chancellor's Distinguished Research Award in the Junior Scholar category.

(2004) Elected to represent Bioengineering on the Faculty Honor Roll by the U. Pitt. Engineering Student Council.

(2003) Sonic Flashlight awarded #1 of 8 Super Powers: Wired Magazine: The Super Powers Issue, (cover headline, "X-Ray Vision."), August, 2003..

(1998) NSF Recognition Award for the Integration of Research and Education (RAIRE), Duke University, "Reality.java: How students learn by creating educational software," G. Stetten, G. Wang, V. Pitiyanuvath, S. Guthrie, April 18, 1998.

(1993) Penstock Toko R.F./Microwave "Wireless" Design Contest, 2nd place. Radio telemetric egg.

(1992) Nominated for a Discover Magazine Award For Technological Innovation In The Category Of The Environment, for the Radio Telemetric Egg, October 1992.

Ph.D., Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina, 1996 - 1999

M.D., Medicine, State University of New York Health Science Center at Syracuse, 1986 - 1990

M.S., Neuroscience and Computer Graphics/Vision, New York University/Depart. Biology/Courant Institute, 1985 - 1986

A.B., Engineering and Applied Physics, Harvard University, 1971 - 1976

Graduate in Third-Stream (Piano Instrumentation), New England Conservatory of Music, Boston, 1977 - 1978

Snyder, O., Almasi, R., Fang, C., Klatzky, R.L., & Stetten, G. (2021). Assessment of surface rendering with 1 DoF vibration. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization, 9(4), 400-406.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/21681163.2020.1834875.

Satpute, S.A., Canady, J.R., Klatzky, R.L., & Stetten, G.D. (2020). FingerSight: A Vibrotactile Wearable Ring for Assistance With Locating and Reaching Objects in Peripersonal Space. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON HAPTICS, 13(2), 325-333.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TOH.2019.2945561.

Lee, R., Klatzky, R.L., & Stetten, G.D. (2017). In-Situ Force Augmentation Improves Surface Contact and Force Control. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON HAPTICS, 10(4), 545-554.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TOH.2017.2696949.

Shukla, G., Klatzky, R.L., Wu, B., Wang, B., Galeotti, J., Chapmann, B., & Stetten, G. (2017). Integrating images from a moveable tracked display of three-dimensional data. Cogn Res Princ Implic, 2(1), 34.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1186/s41235-017-0069-0.

Khera, A., Lee, R., Marcovici, A., Yu, Z., Klatzky, R., Siegel, M., Shroff, S., & Stetten, G. (2016). One-Dimensional Haptic Rendering Using Audio Speaker with Displacement Determined by Inductance. Machines, 4(1), 9.MDPI AG. doi: 10.3390/machines4010009.

Gorantla, V., Shivaprabhu, V., Aizenstein, H., Galeotti, J., & Stetten, G. (2015). Automated Segmentation Analysis of Nerve Fascicular Anatomy Using High Resolution Ultrasound Imaging for Objective Noninvasive Assessment of Nerve Regeneration After VCA. TRANSPLANTATION, 99, S24.

Wu, B., Klatzky, R., Lee, R., Shivaprabhu, V., Galeotti, J., Siegel, M., Schuman, J.S., Hollis, R., & Stetten, G. (2015). Psychophysical Evaluation of Haptic Perception Under Augmentation by a Handheld Device. HUMAN FACTORS, 57(3), 523-537.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1177/0018720814551414.

Horvath, S., Galeotti, J., Siegel, M., & Stetten, G. (2014). Refocusing a scanned laser projector for small and bright images: simultaneously controlling the profile of the laser beam and the boundary of the image. APPLIED OPTICS, 53(24), 5421-5424.The Optical Society. doi: 10.1364/AO.53.005421.

Horvath, S., Galeotti, J., Wu, B., Klatzky, R., Siegel, M., & Stetten, G. (2014). FingerSight: Fingertip Haptic Sensing of the Visual Environment. IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med, 2(1), 2700109.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/JTEHM.2014.2309343.

Mathai, T.S., Galeotti, J., Horvath, S., & Stetten, G. (2014). Graphics Processor Unit (GPU) Accelerated Shallow Transparent Layer Detection in Optical Coherence Tomographic (OCT) Images for Real-Time Corneal Surgical Guidance. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 8678, 1-13.Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-10437-9_1.

Wang, J., Shivaprabhu, V., Galeotti, J., Horvath, S., Gorantla, V., & Stetten, G. (2014). Towards Video Guidance for Ultrasound, Using a Prior High-Resolution 3D Surface Map of the External Anatomy. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 8678, 51-59.Springer International Publishing. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-10437-9_6.

Gottlieb, D., Fata, B., Powell, A.J., Cois, C.A., Annese, D., Tandon, K., Stetten, G., Jr, M.J.E., & Sacks, M.S. (2013). Pulmonary Artery Conduit In Vivo Dimensional Requirements in a Growing Ovine Model: Comparisons with the Ascending Aorta. JOURNAL OF HEART VALVE DISEASE, 22(2), 195-203.

Klatzky, R.L., Gershon, P., Shivaprabhu, V., Lee, R., Wu, B., Stetten, G., & Swendsen, R.H. (2013). A model of motor performance during surface penetration: from physics to voluntary control. EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH, 230(2), 251-260.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00221-013-3648-4.

Lee, R., Wu, B., Klatzky, R., Shivaprabhu, V., Galeotti, J., Horvath, S., Siegel, M., Schuman, J.S., Hollis, R., & Stetten, G. (2013). Hand-Held Force Magnifier for Surgical Instruments: Evolution toward a Clinical Device. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 7815 LNCS, 77-89.Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-38085-3_9.

Wu, B., Klatzky, R.L., & Stetten, G.D. (2012). Mental visualization of objects from cross-sectional images. COGNITION, 123(1), 33-49.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2011.12.004.

Chen, M.L., Shukla, G., Jackman, S.V., Tsao, A.K., Smaldone, M.C., Ost, M.C., Stetten, G.D., & Averch, T.D. (2011). Real-Time Tomographic Reflection in Facilitating Percutaneous Access to the Renal Collecting System. JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY, 25(5), 743-745.Mary Ann Liebert Inc. doi: 10.1089/end.2010.0375.

Cois, A., Galeotti, J., Tamburo, R., Sacks, M., & Stetten, G. (2010). Shells and Spheres: An n-Dimensional Framework for Medial-Based Image Segmentation. Int J Biomed Imaging, 2010, 980872.Hindawi Limited. doi: 10.1155/2010/980872.

Galeotti, J.M., Siegel, M., & Stetten, G. (2010). Real-time tomographic holography for augmented reality. OPTICS LETTERS, 35(14), 2352-2354.The Optical Society. doi: 10.1364/OL.35.002352.

Klatzky, R.L., Wu, B., & Stetten, G. (2010). The disembodied eye. Consequences of displacing perception from action. VISION RESEARCH, 50(24), 2618-2626.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2010.08.025.

Wu, B., Klatzky, R.L., & Stetten, G. (2010). Visualizing 3D Objects From 2D Cross Sectional Images Displayed In-Situ Versus Ex-Situ. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-APPLIED, 16(1), 45-59.American Psychological Association (APA). doi: 10.1037/a0018373.

Amesur, N.B., Wang, D.C., Chang, W., Weiser, D., Klatzky, R., Shukla, G., & Stetten, G.D. (2009). Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Placement Using the Sonic Flashlight. JOURNAL OF VASCULAR AND INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY, 20(10), 1380-1383.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2009.07.002.

Chen, M.L., Shukla, G., Jackman, S.V., Smaldone, M.C., Ost, M.C., Stetten, G., & Averch, T.D. (2009). REAL-TIME TOMOGRAPHIC REFLECTION IN FACILITATING PERCUTANEOUS ACCESS TO THE RENAL COLLECTING SYSTEM. JOURNAL OF UROLOGY, 181, (pp. 664-665).Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). doi: 10.1016/S0022-5347(09)61864-4.

Tamburo, R.J., Siegle, G.J., Stetten, G.D., Cois, C.A., Butters, M.A., III, R.C.F., & Aizenstein, H.J. (2009). Amygdalae morphometry in late-life depression. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GERIATRIC PSYCHIATRY, 24(8), 837-846.Wiley. doi: 10.1002/gps.2167.

Wang, D., Amesur, N., Shukla, G., Bayless, A., Weiser, D., Scharl, A., Mockel, D., Banks, C., Mandella, B., Klatzky, R., & Stetten, G. (2009). Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Placement With the Sonic Flashlight Initial Clinical Trial by Nurses. JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE, 28(5), 651-656.Wiley. doi: 10.7863/jum.2009.28.5.651.

Wang, D.C., Klatzky, R., Wu, B., Weller, G., Sampson, A.R., & Stetten, G.D. (2009). Fully Automated Common Carotid Artery and Internal Jugular Vein Identification and Tracking Using B-Mode Ultrasound. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 56(6), 1691-1699.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TBME.2009.2015576.

Galeotti, J., Horvath, S., Klatzky, R., Nichol, B., Siegel, M., & Stetten, G. (2008). FingerSight#8482;. ACM SIGGRAPH 2008 new tech demos on - SIGGRAPH '08.ACM Press. doi: 10.1145/1401615.1401631.

Klatzky, R.L., Wu, B., & Stetten, G. (2008). Spatial Representations From Perception and Cognitive Mediation: The Case of Ultrasound. CURRENT DIRECTIONS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 17(6), 359-364.SAGE Publications. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00606.x.

Klatzky, R.L., Wu, B., Shelton, D., & Stetten, G. (2008). Effectiveness of Augmented-Reality Visualization versus Cognitive Mediation for Learning Actions in Near Space. ACM TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED PERCEPTION, 5(1), 1-23.Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). doi: 10.1145/1279640.1279641.

Wu, B., Klatzky, R.L., & Stetten, G. (2008). Learning to Reach to Locations Encoded from Imaging Displays. SPATIAL COGNITION AND COMPUTATION, 8(4), 333-356.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/13875860802286668.

Wu, B., Klatzky, R.L., Shelton, D., & Stetten, G. (2008). Mental concatenation of perceptually and cognitively specified depth to represent locations in near space. EXPERIMENTAL BRAIN RESEARCH, 184(3), 295-305.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s00221-007-1099-5.

Cois, C., Rockot, K., Galeotti, J., Tamburo, R., John E. Mayer, D., Powell, A., Sacks, M., & Stetten, G. (2007). AUTOMATED SEGMENTATION OF THE RIGHT HEART USING AN OPTIMIZED SHELLS AND SPHERES ALGORITHM. 2007 4th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 876-879.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/isbi.2007.356992.

Shelton, D., Wu, B., Klatzky, R., & Stetten, G. (2007). DESIGN AND CALIBRATION OF A VIRTUAL TOMOGRAPHIC REFLECTION SYSTEM. 2007 4th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 956-959.IEEE. doi: 10.1109/isbi.2007.357012.

Wang, D.C., Amesur, N.B., Weiser, D., Chang, W., Zajko, A.B., & Stetten, G.D. (2007). Improving Image Quality of the Sonic Flashlight for Venous Access. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, 188, (pp. A75-A78).AJR.

Chang, W., Amesur, N., Klatzky, R., & Stetten, G. (2006). The Sonic Flashlight Is Faster than Conventional Ultrasound Guidance to Learn and Use For Vascular Access on Phantoms. Radiology, 243(3).

Chang, W.M., Amesur, N.B., Klatzky, R.L., Zajko, A.B., & Stetten, G.D. (2006). Vascular access: Comparison of US guidance with the sonic flashlight and conventional US in phantoms. RADIOLOGY, 241(3), 771-779.Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). doi: 10.1148/radiol.2413051595.

Clanton, S.T., Wang, D.C., Chib, V.S., Matsuoka, Y., & Stetten, G.D. (2006). Optical merger of direct vision with virtual images for scaled teleoperation. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS, 12(2), 277-285.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TVCG.2006.35.

Wang, D., Klatzky, R., Amesur, N., & Stetten, G. (2006). Carotid artery and jugular vein tracking and differentiation using spatiotemporal analysis. MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2006, PT 1, 4190(Pt 1), 654-661.Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/11866565_80.

Zawrotny, K., Craig, A., Weiser, D., Klatzky, R., & Stetten, G. (2006). Fingertip vibratory transducer for detecting optical edges using regenerative feedback. 14th Symposium onHaptics Interfaces for Virtual Environment andTeleoperator Systems 2006 - Proceedings, 2006, 373-374.

Chang, W.M., Amesur, N.B., Zajko, A.B., & Stetten, G.D. (2005). The sonic flashlight is faster to learn and use compared to conventional ultrasound guidance for vascular access. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ROENTGENOLOGY, 184, (p. 59).New Orleans, LA.

Chang, W.M., Horowitz, M.B., & Stetten, G.D. (2005). Intuitive intraoperative ultrasound guidance using the Sonic Flashlight: a novel ultrasound display system. Neurosurgery, 56(2 Suppl), 434-437. doi: 10.1227/01.neu.0000156551.66538.6a.

Chang, W.M., Horowitz, M.B., & Stetten, G.D. (2005). Intuitive Intraoperative Ultrasound Guidance Using the Sonic Flashlight: A Novel Ultrasound Display System. Operative Neurosurgery, 56(4 SUPPL.), 434-437.Oxford University Press (OUP). doi: 10.1227/01.neu.0000156551.66538.6a.

Shelton, D., Stetten, G., Aylward, S., Ibanez, L., Cois, A., & Stewart, C. (2005). Teaching medical image analysis with the Insight Toolkit. MEDICAL IMAGE ANALYSIS, 9(6), 605-611.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.media.2005.04.011.

Stetten, G., Cois, A., Chang, W., Shelton, D., Tamburo, R., Castellucci, J., & von Ramm, O. (2005). C-mode real-time tomographic reflection for a matrix array ultrasound sonic flashlight. ACADEMIC RADIOLOGY, 12(5), 535-543.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2004.06.011.

Stetten, G., Cois, A., Chang, W., Shelton, D., Tamburo, R., Castelucci, J., & von Ramm, O. (2005). C-mode Virtual Image Display for a Matrix Array Ultrasound Sonic Flashlight. Academic Radiology, 12(5), 535-543.

Stetten, G.D., Tamburo, R., & Wang, D. (2005). Cumulative Gaussian Curve Fitter for Boundary Parameterization. The Insight Journal, (special issue for MICCAI 2005 Workshop on Open-Source Software).

Stetten, G.D., Wang, D., & Chang, W. (2005). Real-Time Ultrasound Image Analysis for the Insight Toolkit. The Insight Journal, (special issue for MICCAI 2005 Workshop on Open-Source Software).

Wang, D., Wu, B., & Stetten, G. (2005). Laser needle guide for the Sonic Flashlight. MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2005, PT 1, 3749(Pt 1), 647-653.Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/11566465_80.

Wu, B., Klatzky, R.L., Shelton, D., & Stetten, G.D. (2005). Psychophysical evaluation of in-situ ultrasound visualization. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS, 11(6), 684-693.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/TVCG.2005.104.

Clanton, S.T., Wang, D.C., Matsuoka, Y., Shelton, D.M., & Stetten, G.D. (2004). A novel machine interface for scaled telesurgery. Medical Imaging 2004: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Display, 5367, 697-704.SPIE. doi: 10.1117/12.536145.

Tamburo, R.J., Cois, C.A., Shelton, D., & Stetten, G. (2004). Novel method to automatically identify medial node correspondences between two images. Medical Imaging 2004: Image Processing, 5370 II, 1225-1235.SPIE. doi: 10.1117/12.535078.

Stetten, G. (2003). Vision system. In Biomedical Imaging. (p. 4-1-4-9).

Stetten, G., Cois, A., Chang, W., Shelton, D., Tamburo, R., Castellucci, J., & von Ramm, O. (2003). C-mode real time tomographic reflection for a matrix array ultrasound sonic flashlight. MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 2, 2879(PART 2), 336-343.Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-39903-2_42.

Stetten, G.D., Tamburo, R., Cois, A., & Shelton, D. (2003). "Medical Node Correspondences for Automatic Non-Rigid Registration" Second International Workshop on Biomedical Image Registration. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2717, 337-348.

Tamburo, R., Cois, A., Shelton, D., & Stetten, G. (2003). Medial node correspondences towards automated registration. BIOMEDICAL IMAGE REGISTRATION, 2717, 339-348.Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-39701-4_36.

Chang, W.M., Stetten, G.D., Lobes, L.A., Shelton, D.M., & Tamburo, R.J. (2002). Guidance of retrobulbar injection with real-time tomographic reflection. JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE, 21(10), 1131-1135.Wiley. doi: 10.7863/jum.2002.21.10.1131.

Irvine, T., Stetten, G.D., Sachdev, V., Zetts, A.D., Jones, M., Mori, Y., Ramsperger, C., Castellucci, J.B., Kenny, A., Panza, J.A., von Ramm, O.T., & Sahn, D.J. (2001). Quantification of aortic regurgitation by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography in a chronic animal model: Computation of aortic regurgitant volume as the difference between left and right ventricular stroke volumes. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 14(11), 1112-1118.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1067/mje.2001.115660.

Stetten, G., & Chib, V. (2001). Magnified Real-Time Tomographic Reflection. In Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2001. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2208, (pp. 683-690).Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/3-540-45468-3_82.

Stetten, G., & Tamburo, R. (2001). Real-time three-dimensional ultrasound methods for shape analysis and visualization. METHODS, 25(2), 221-230.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1006/meth.2001.1236.

Stetten, G.D. (2001). Overlaying ultrasonographic images on direct vision. JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE, 20(3), 235-240.Wiley. doi: 10.7863/jum.2001.20.3.235.

Stetten, G.D., & Chib, V. (2001). "Magnified Real-Time Tomographic Reflection" Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention -- MICCAI 2001. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2208, 683-690.

STETTEN, G.D., & DREZEK, R. (2001). ACTIVE FOURIER CONTOUR APPLIED TO REAL TIME 3D ULTRASOUND OF THE HEART. International Journal of Image and Graphics, 01(04), 647-658.World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt. doi: 10.1142/s0219467801000347.

Tamburo, R., & Stetten, G. (2001). Gradient-Oriented Profiles for Automated Unsupervised Boundary Classification and their Application to Core Atoms Towards Shape Analysis. International Journal of Image and Graphics, 1(4), 659-680.

TAMBURO, R.J., & STETTEN, G.D. (2001). GRADIENT-ORIENTED PROFILES FOR BOUNDARY PARAMETERIZATION AND THEIR APPLICATION TO CORE ATOMS TOWARDS SHAPE ANALYSIS. International Journal of Image and Graphics, 01(04), 659-680.World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt. doi: 10.1142/s0219467801000360.

Kisslo, J., Firek, B., Ota, T., Kang, D.H., Fleishman, C.E., Stetten, G., Li, J., Ohazama, C.J., Adams, D., Landolfo, C., Ryan, T., & von Ramm, O. (2000). Real-time volumetric echocardiography: The technology and the possibilities. ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY-A JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND AND ALLIED TECHNIQUES, 17(8), 773-779.Wiley. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2000.tb01236.x.

Mulukutla, S., Stetten, G.D., Jacques, D.C., & Gorcsan, J. (2000). Quantification of left ventricular regional phase asynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block using tissue Doppler echocardiography. CIRCULATION, 102, (p. 384).

Stetten, G., & Pizer, S. (2000). Medial-guided fuzzy segmentation. In Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2000. MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2000, 1935, (pp. 226-235).Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-40899-4_23.

Collins, M., Hsieh, A., Ohazama, C.J., Ota, T., Stetten, G., Donovan, C.L., Kisslo, J., & Ryan, T. (1999). Assessment of regional wall motion abnormalities with real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, 12(1), 7-14.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0894-7317(99)70167-7.

Irvine, T., Jones, M., Sachdev, V., Stetten, G.D., Castelluci, J.B., Szwarc, R., Ritscher, D.E., & Panza, J.A. (1999). Determination of right ventricular diastolic and systolic cavity volumes and stroke volumes by real-time 3D ultrasound: Validation studies using endocardial crystal array 3D maps, conductance catheters and electromagnetic flow meters. CIRCULATION, 100, (pp. 356-357).

Ota, T., Fleishman, C.E., Strub, M., Stetten, G., Ohazama, C.J., von Ramm, O.T., & Kisslo, J. (1999). Real-time, three-dimensional echocardiography: Feasibility of dynamic right ventricular volume measurement with saline contrast. AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL, 137(5), 958-966.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0002-8703(99)70422-9.

Schmidt, M.A., Ohazama, C.J., Agyeman, K.O., Freidlin, R.Z., Jones, M., Laurienzo, J.M., Brenneman, C.L., Arai, A.E., von Ramm, O.T., & Panza, J.A. (1999). Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography for measurement of left ventricular volumes. Am J Cardiol, 84, (pp. 1434-1439).Elsevier BV.United States. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00591-3.

Stetten, G.D., & Pizer, S. (1999). Automated Identification and Measurement of Objects via Populations of Medial Primitives, with Application to Real Time 3D Echocardiography. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1613, 84-97.

Stetten, G.D., & Pizer, S.M. (1999). Automated identification and measurement of objects via populations of medial primitives, with application to Real Time 3D echocardiography. INFORMATION PROCESSING IN MEDICAL IMAGING, PROCEEDINGS, 1613, 84-97.Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/3-540-48714-x_7.

Stetten, G.D., & Pizer, S.M. (1999). Medial-node models to identify and measure objects in real-time 3-D echocardiography. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, 18(10), 1025-1034.Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). doi: 10.1109/42.811314.

(1998). Another Look at the Duke Wireless Classroom. Technological Horizons in Education Journal, 25(11).

Li, J.S., Fleishman, C.E., Ohazama, C., Stetten, G., Bengur, A.R., Ryan, T., Sanders, S.P., & Kisslo, J. (1998). Evaluation of ventricular outflow tract abnormalities using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 31, (pp. 516A-517A).Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/S0735-1097(97)88251-4.

Pasipoularides, A.D., Shu, M., Shah, A.S., Womack, M., Atkins, Z., Stetten, G.D., Rednam, S.P., von Ramm, O.T., Smith, P.K., & Glower, D.D. (1998). Diastolic right ventricular vortical flow: Increased symmetry in volume overload with paradoxic septal motion. CIRCULATION, 98, (p. 844).

Sahn, D.J., Zetts, A.D., Jones, M., Irvine, T., Stetten, G., von Ramm, O.T., Ramsperger, C., & Castellucci, J. (1998). Calculation of aortic regurgitant stroke volume from real-time 3D ultrasound images as the difference between left and right ventricular 3D determined stroke volumes in a chronic animal model of aortic regurgitation: A new method with potentially wide application in cardiology. CIRCULATION, 98, (p. 226).

Stetten, G.D., Ota, T., Ohazama, C.J., Fleishman, C., Castellucci, J., Oxaal, J., Ryan, T., Kisslo, J., & von Ramm, O.T. (1998). Real-time 3D ultrasound: A new look at the heart. JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR DIAGNOSIS AND PROCEDURES, 15(2), 73-84.

Morsy, A.A., Stetten, G.D., & Von Ramm, O.T. (1997). Detection and quantification of true 3D motion components of the myocardium using 3D speckle tracking in volumetric ultrasound scans: simulations and initial experimental results. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 3033, 346-353.

Ohazama, C.J., Stetten, G., Fleishman, C.E., Ota, T., Lewis, C.W., Morris, E., Ryan, T., vonRamm, O.T., & Kisslo, J. (1997). A new, rapid visualization method for detection of ischemic risk volume by three-dimensional echocardiography. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 29, (p. 7227).

Ota, T., Fleishman, C.E., Ohazama, C., Stetten, G., Lewis, C., Glower, D.D., Ryan, T., vonRamm, O.T., & Kisslo, J. (1997). Manual and semiautomated measurement of left ventricular volume using real-time, three dimensional echocardiography in vivo. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 29, (p. 7056).

Shu, M., Ramaswami, B., Shah, S., Fleishman, C.E., Ota, T., Pennington, P.T., Bischoff, J.E., Stetten, G., vonRamm, O.T., & Pasipoularides, A.D. (1997). Tricuspid velocity profiles reflect right ventricular diastolic wall motion abnormalities: Real-time 3D echocardiography and computational fluid dynamics. CIRCULATION, 96, (p. 2990).

Stetten, G.D., Landesman, R.N., & Pizer, S.M. (1997). Core atoms and the spectra of scale. In also Technical Report TR97-006. Medical Imaging 1997: Image Processing, 3034, (pp. 642-652).SPIE.University of North Carolina, Department of Computer Science. doi: 10.1117/12.274150.

Stetten, G.D., Stetten, G., Landesman, R., & Pizer, S. (1997). "Core-Atoms and the spectra of scale" SPIE Medical Imaging Conference/ also Technical Report TR97-006, University of North Carolina, Department of Computer Science. 3034, 642-652.

Collins, M., Hsieh, A., Ohazama, C.J., Ota, T., Stetten, G., Strub, M., Donovan, C.L., vonRamm, O.T., Kisslo, J., & Ryan, T. (1996). Assessment of regional wall motion abnormalities using real-time 3D echocardiography. CIRCULATION, 94, (p. 4018).

Fleishman, C.E., Li, J., Ota, T., Ohazama, C.J., Stetten, G., Adams, D., vonRamm, O.T., & Kisslo, J. (1996). Identification of congenital heart defects using real time three-dimensional echo in pediatric patients. CIRCULATION, 94, (p. 2423).

Fleishman, C.E., Ota, T., Lewis, C.W., Lilly, R.E., Morris, E., BorgesNeto, S., Ohazama, C.J., Stetten, G., Glower, D.D., vonRamm, O.T., Kisslo, J., & Ryan, T. (1996). Quantitative assessment of LV ischemic risk volume using real time three-dimensional echocardiography. CIRCULATION, 94, (p. 4014).

Hsieh, A., Collins, M., Ota, T., Fleishman, C.E., Strub, M., Ohazama, C.J., Stetten, G., vonRamm, O.T., & Ryan, T. (1996). Real-time 3D stress echocardiography: Description of a new technique. CIRCULATION, 94, (p. 2617).

Ota, T., Fleishman, C.E., Li, J., Stetten, G., Ohazama, C.J., vonRamm, O.T., & Kisslo, J. (1996). Accuracy of manual and semiautomated methods for volume determination by real-time, three dimensional echocardiography. CIRCULATION, 94, (p. 1235).

Ota, T., Fleishman, C.E., Ohazama, C.J., Stetten, G., Lewis, C.W., Glower, D.D., Li, J., Ryan, T., Kisslo, J., & vonRamm, O.T. (1996). Measurement of left ventricular volume by real-time, three-dimensional echocardiography in dogs. CIRCULATION, 94, (p. 2211).

Shu, M., Stetten, G.D., Ohazama, C.J., Bischoff, J.E., Ramaswami, B., vonRamm, O.T., & Pasipoularides, A.D. (1996). Digital geometric models using biventricular real-time 3D echocardiography. CIRCULATION, 94, (p. 1230).

Lohmann, K., Pentcheff, N., Nevitt, G., Stetten, G., Zimmer-Faust, R., Jarrard, H., & Boles, L. (1995). Magnetic orientation of spiny lobsters in the ocean: experiments with undersea coil systems. J Exp Biol, 198(Pt 10), 2041-2048.

LOHMANN, K.J., PENTCHEFF, N.D., NEVITT, G.A., STETTEN, G.D., ZIMMERFAUST, R.K., JARRARD, H.E., & BOLES, L.C. (1995). MAGNETIC ORIENTATION OF SPINY LOBSTERS IN THE OCEAN - EXPERIMENTS WITH UNDERSEA COIL SYSTEMS. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 198(10), 2041-2048.

STETTEN, G. (1995). DOCTORS HEART. JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 273(14), F1076.American Medical Association (AMA). doi: 10.1001/jama.1995.03520380012004.

Stetten, G., & Guthrie, S. (1995). Wireless Infrared Networking in the Duke Paperless Classroom. Technological Horizons in Education Journal, 23(3), 87-90.

STETTEN, G.D., & MORRIS, R.E. (1995). SHAPE-RECOGNITION WITH THE FLOW INTEGRATION TRANSFORM. INFORMATION SCIENCES, 85(4), 203-221.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0020-0255(95)00022-H.

Stetten, G.D., & Morris, R. (1993). Quadrature shape detection. International Conference on Fuzzy Theory and Technology Proceedings, Abstracts and Summaries, (p. 66).Durham, NC.

LANDY, M.S., MANOVICH, L.Z., & STETTEN, G.D. (1990). APPLICATIONS OF THE EVE SOFTWARE FOR VISUAL MODELING. VISION RESEARCH, 30(2), 329-&.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(90)90047-O.

Landy, M.S., Manovich, L.Z., & Stetten, G.D. (1989). All about EVE: The Early Vision Emulation software. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 21(5), 491-501.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.3758/bf03202882.

STETTEN, G.D. (1984). ALVIN MEMORY. OCEANUS, 27(3), 44-46.

Stetten, G.D., & Pizer, S. "Medial-Guided Fuzzy Segmentation" Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention-MICCAI 2000. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1935, 226-235.

Stetten, G.D., Cois, A., Chang, W., Shelton, D., Tamburo, R., Castellucci, J., & von Ramm, O. "C-mode Virtual Image Display for a Matrix Array Ultrasound Sonic Flashlight" Medical Image computing and computer-assisted intervention. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2879, 336-343.

Stetten, G.D., Wu, B., Klatzky, R.L., & Shelton, D. Interaction of Visual and Haptic Cues in the Image-based Perception of Depth. 6, (p. 108a).

Wang, J., Che, C., Galeotti, J., Horvath, S., Gorantla, V., & Stetten, G. (2017). Ultrasound Tracking Using ProbeSight: Camera Pose Estimation Relative to External Anatomy by Inverse Rendering of a Prior High-Resolution 3D Surface Map. In 2017 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV), (pp. 825-833).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/wacv.2017.97.

Stetten, G., Wong, C., Shivaprabhu, V., Zhang, A., Horvath, S., Wang, J., Galeotti, J., Gorantla, V., & Aizenstein, H. (2013). Descending Variance Graphs for Segmenting Neurological Structures. In 2013 International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging, (pp. 174-177).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/prni.2013.52.

Horvath, S., Galeotti, J., Wang, B., Perich, M., Wang, J., Siegel, M., Vescovi, P., & Stetten, G. (2012). Towards an Ultrasound Probe with Vision: Structured Light to Determine Surface Orientation. Augmented Environments for Computer Assisted Interventions.Toronto. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-32630-1_6.

Wang, J., Horvath, S., Stetten, G., Siegel, M., & Galeotti, J. (2012). Real-time registration of video with ultrasound using stereo disparity. SPIE Medical Imaging.San Diego, California. doi: 10.1117/12.911222.

Stetten, G., Wu, B., Klatzky, R., Galeotti, J., Siegel, M., Lee, R., Mah, F., Eller, A., Schuman, J., & Hollis, R. (2011). Hand-Held Force Magnifier for Surgical Instruments. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 6689 LNCS, (pp. 90-100).Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-21504-9_9.

Galeotti, J., Sajjad, A., Wang, B., Kagemann, L., Shukla, G., Siegel, M., Wu, B., Klatzky, R., Wollstein, G., Schuman, J.S., & Stetten, G. (2010). The OCT penlight: in-situ image guidance for microsurgery. In Medical Imaging 2010: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling, 7625.SPIE. doi: 10.1117/12.844411.

Stetten, G., Horvath, S., Galeotti, J., Shukla, G., Wang, B., & Chapman, B. (2010). Image segmentation using the student's t-test and the divergence of direction on spherical regions. In Medical Imaging 2010: Image Processing, 7623(PART 1).SPIE. doi: 10.1117/12.844014.

Galeotti, J.M., Siegel, M., Rallison, R.D., & Stetten, G. (2008). Design of the first optical system for real-time tomographic holography (RTTH). Optical Engineering + Applications.San Diego, California. doi: 10.1117/12.795619.

Stetten, G., Weiser, D., Cooper, T., & Horvath, S. (2008). Pittkit and the Breadboard Laboratory Interface Processor (BLIP): An educational apparatus centered on the individual student. Biomedical Engineering Division of the 2008 ASEE Conference.Pittsburgh, PA.

Stetten, G., Weiser, D., Cooper, T., & Horvath, S. (2008). Pittkit and the Breadboard Laboratory Interface Processor (BLIP): An educational apparatus centered on the individual student. In ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings.

Stetten, G., Klatzky, R., Nichol, B., Galeotti, J., Rockot, K., Zawrotny, K., Weiser, D., Sendgikoski, N., & Horvath, S. (2007). Fingersight: Fingertip Visual Haptic Sensing and Control. 2007 IEEE International Workshop on Haptic, Audio and Visual Environments and Games.Ontario, Canada. doi: 10.1109/have.2007.4371592.

Tamburo, R., Siegle, G., Stetten, G., Cois, C., Rockot, K., Galeotti, J., Reynolds, C., & Aizenstein, H. (2007). LOCALIZING AMYGDALA STRUCTURE DIFFERENCES IN LATE-LIFE DEPRESSION. In 2007 4th IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, (pp. 340-343).IEEE. doi: 10.1109/isbi.2007.356858.

Wang, D., Klatzky, R., Amesur, N., & Stetten, G. (2006). Carotid artery and jugular vein tracking and differentiation using spatiotemporal analysis. MICCAI.

Wang, D., Wu, B., & Stellen, G. (2005). Laser needle guide for the sonic flashlight. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention Conference.Palm Springs, CA (#181). doi: 10.1007/11566465_80.

Allin, S., Galeotti, J., Stetten, G., & Dailey, S.H. (2004). Enhanced snake based segmentation of vocal folds. IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging.Arlington, VA.

Chang, W.M., Amesur, N.B., Horowitz, M.B., & Stetten, G.D. (2004). Refining the sonic flashlight for interventional procedures. IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging.Arlington, VA.

Shelton, D., Stetten, G., & Chang, W. (2002). Ultrasound visualization with the sonic flashlight. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2002 conference abstracts and applications on - SIGGRAPH '02, (p. 82).ACM Press. doi: 10.1145/1242073.1242117.

Stetten, G., Shelton, D., Chang, W., Chib, V., Tamburo, R., Hildebrand, D., Lobes, L., & Sumkin, J. (2002). Towards a clinically useful sonic flashlight. 2002 IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging. doi: 10.1109/isbi.2002.1029283.

Stetten, G., Chib, V., Hildebrand, D., & Bursee, J. (2001). Real time tomographic reflection: phantoms for calibration and biopsy. IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Augmented Reality.New York City. doi: 10.1109/isar.2001.970511.

Tamburo, R.J., & Stetten, G.D. (2000). Gradient-oriented profiles for unsupervised boundary classification. In Proceedings 29th Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop, 2000-January, (pp. 206-212).IEEE Comput. Soc. doi: 10.1109/aiprw.2000.953627.

Drezek, R.A., Stetten, G.D., Ota, T., Fleishman, C., Lily, E., Lewis, C., Ohazama, C.J., Ryan, T., Glower, D., Kisslo, J., & von Ramm, O.T. (1997). Active contour based on the elliptical Fourier series, applied to matrix-array ultrasound of the heart. In 25th AIPR Workshop: Emerging Applications of Computer Vision, 2962, (pp. 26-34).SPIE. doi: 10.1117/12.267836.

Stetten, G.D., Caines, M.S., & Ramm, O.T. (1995). Flow integration transform: detecting shapes in matrix-array 3D ultrasound data. Proceedings of the IS&T/SPIE's Symposium on Electronic Imaging: Science and Technology.San Jose.

Stetten, G.D., Caines, M.S., Ohazama, C.J., & Ramm, O.T. (1995). Towards the volumetricardiogram: volume determination of cardiac chambers using 3D matrix-array ultrasound. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2432, (pp. 185-196).

Stetten, G.D., Morris, R.E., & Caines, M.S. (1994). The Flow Integration Transform (FIT) for 2D and 3D Shape-Detection. In Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Information Sciences, (pp. 393-396).

Stetten, G., Koontz, F., Sheppard, C., & Koontz, C. (1990). Telemetric egg for monitoring nest microclimate of endangered birds. In International Telemetering Conference (Proceedings), 26, (pp. 321-327).

Research interests

haptics in surgical robotic
Image guided intervention
medical image analysis