CCMA vision image

Our vision for the Center for Chemo-Mechanical Assembly (CCMA) is to design a palette of chemical reaction networks to achieve unprecedented control over fluid flow and thereby drive the dynamic assembly of nano- and microscale objects in solution. In this manner, we aim to discover new chemical routes to regulate non-equilibrium structure formation. To realize this vision, we are designing cascades of catalytic reactions, controllable in space and time, and harnessing the energy released from these reactions to both propel the fluid and “pattern” the spatio-temporal behavior of the flows. These chemically-generated and chemically-patterned flows drive the collective behavior of suspended objects, thereby yielding new modes of self-organization.

While mechanical and electrical pumps are currently used in microfluidics to drive flow and control the trajectories of suspended materials, our designs let chemistry do the work by generating programmable flow fields that enable chemically driven forms of self-powered assembly. In essence, we are moving “pumping” from the mechanical (electrical) realm to the chemical realm and thus, enabling new, chemically-driven forms of self-powered particle transport and assembly

5 particles
Five particles interacting via diffusiophoresis in quiescent fluid and forming a two-particle aggregate. (Rallabandi, Yang and Stone, submitted)

When an oil-in-water emulsion with high salt concentration in its aqueous phase is injected into a Hele-Shaw cell filled with a salt solution at low concentration, the drop spreads and a three-dimensional pattern of the emulsion appears, which resembles a flower shape. (Liu, Stone)

Supplemental Material
Supplemental Material: Particle flow filmed via a confocal microscope. (Liu, Stone)