Pitt | Swanson Engineering
Beckman, Eric J
Chem/Petroleum Engineering
Beckman, Eric J
Faculty
Professor
Office: 153E Benedum Hall
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PhD in Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Massachusetts, 1988

BS in Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1980

(2012) Carnegie Science Award, Advanced Materials.

(2011) Stephen Berry Lecturer, Telluride, CO.

(2009) Henskie Lecturer, Yale University.

(2009) Weber Lecturer, University of Michigan.

(2007) Carnegie Science Award, Environmental Category.

(2006) Donaldson Lecturer, University of Minnesota.

(2006) Bevier Chair of Engineering.

(2004) Award of Excellence, by the organizing committee of the 11th Symp on Supercritical Fluid Chromat., Extraction, and Processing.

(2004) Carnegie Science Award, Environmental Category.

(2002) Presidential Green Chemistry Award.

(2000) Bayer Professorship.

(1998) Johnson & Johnson Focused Giving Award.

(1996) Beitl-Veltri Memorial Teaching Award.

(1992) National Young Investigator, NSF.

(1992) School of Engineering Board of Visitors Award.

(1991) William Kepler Whiteford Faculty Fellowship.

Engineer of the Year, Western Pennsylvania Engineer's Society.

Beckman, E.J., In press, "The Use of Carbon Dioxide as both Reactant and Solvent: Sequestration ofCO2 via the Production of Chemical Products," Recent Res. Adv. Biotech. Bioeng..

Munshi, P., and Beckman, E.J., 2011, "Ambient carboxylation on a supported reversible CO2 carrier: ketone to beta-keto ester," Green Chem., no.2, pp. 376-383.

Buckley, M.J., and Beckman, E.J., 2010, "Adhesive use in oral and maxillofacial surgery," Oral and Maxill. Clin. N. Amer., no.1, pp. 195-199.

Munshi, P., Beckman, E.J., and Padmanabhan, S., 2010, "Combined influence of fluorinated solventand base in Friedel-Crafts reaction of toluene and CO2," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., no.14, pp. 6678-6682.

Munshi, P., Ghosh, A., Beckman, E.J., Patel, Y., George, J., Sullivan, S.Z., Pulla, S., Ramidi, P., and Malpani, V., 2010, "Tuning catalyst solubility in CO2 by changing molar volume," Green Chem. Lett. Rev., no.4, pp. 319-328.

Sivak, W.N., Zhang, J., Petoud, S., and Beckman, E.J., 2010, "Degradative release as a function ofdrug structure from LDI-glycerol polyurethanes," Biomedical Mat. Eng., no.5, pp. 269-281.

Sivak, W.N., Zhang, J., Petoud, S., and Beckman, E.J., 2010, "Incorporation of ionic ligandsaccelerates drug release from LDI-glycerol polyurethanes," Acta Biomat., no.1, pp. 144-153.

Tabone, M.D., Cregg, J.J., Beckman, E.J., and Landis, A.E., 2010, "Sustainability metrics: life cycle assessment and green design in polymers," Env. Sci. Tech., no.21, pp. 8264-8269.

Kilic, S., Wang, Y., Johnson, J.K., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2009, "Influence of tertiary amine groups on the solubility of polymers in CO2," Polymer, no.11, pp. 2436-2444.

Munshi, P., and Beckman, E.J., 2009, "Effect of incubation of CO2 and Lewis acid on the generationof toluic acid from toluene and CO2," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., no.2, pp. 1059-1062.

Nieponice, A., McGrath, K., Qureshi, I., Beckman, E.J., Luketich, J.D., Gilbert, T.W., and Badylak, S.F., 2009, "An extracellular matrix scaffold for esophageal stricture prevention after circumferential EMR," Gastrointest. Endosc., no.2, pp. 289-296.

Sivak, W.N., Zhang, J., Petoud, S., and Beckman, E.J., 2009, "Simultaneous drug release at different rates from biodegradable polyurethane foams," Acta Biomat., no.7, pp. 2398-2408.

Wang, Y., Hong, L., Tapriyal, D., Kim, I.C., Paik, I.H., Crosthwaite, J.M., Hamilton, A.D., Thies, M.C., Beckman, E.J., Enick, R.M., and Johnson, J.K., 2009, "Design and evaluation of nonfluorous CO2-soluble oligomers and polymers," J. Phys. Chem. B, no.45, pp. 14971-14980.

Chen, Q., and Beckman, E.J., 2008, "One-pot green synthesis of propylene oxide using insitu generated hydrogen peroxide in carbon dioxide," Green Chemistry, no.9, pp. 934-938.

Gilbert, T.W., Badylak, S.F., Guscnoff, J., Beckman, E.J., Clower, D.M., Aly, P., and Rubin, P.J., 2008, "Lysine-derived urethane surgical adhesive prevents seroma formation in a canine abdominoplasty model," Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, no.1, pp. 95-102.

Hong, L., Fisher, M., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2008, "Cellulose Triacetate Oligomers Exhibit High Solubility in Dense CO2," Green Chemistry, no.7, p. 756.

Sivak, W.N., Pollack, I.F., Petoud, S., Zamboni, W.C., Zhang, J., and Beckman, E.J., 2008, "LDI-glycerol polyurethane implants exhibit controlled release of DB-67 and anti-tumor activity in vitro against malignant gliomas," Acta Biomaterialia, no.4, pp. 852-862.

Sivak, W.N., Pollack, I.F., Petoud, S., Zamboni, W.C., Zhang, J.Y., and Beckman, E.J., 2008, "Catalyst Dependent Drug Loading of LDI-Glycerol Polyurethane Foams Leads to Differing Controlled Release profiles," Acta Biomaterialia, no.5, p. 1263.

Chen, Q., and Beckman, E.J., 2007, "Direct synthesis of H2O2 from O2 and H2 over precious metal loaded TS-1 in CO2," Green Chemistry, no.7, pp. 802-808.

Kilic, S., Michalik, S., Wang, Y., Johnson, K.J., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2007, "Phase Behavior of Oxygen-Containing Polymers in CO2," Macromolecules, no.4, pp. 1332-1341.

Yates, C.C., Whaley, D., Babu, R., Zhang, J.Y., Krishna, P., Beckman, E.J., Pasculle, A.W., and Wells, A., 2007, "The Effect of Multifunctional Polymer-based gels on Wound healing in Full Thickness Bacteria-Contaminated Mouse Skin Wound Models," Biomat., no.27, p. 3977.

Babu, R., Zhang, J., Beckman, E.J., Virji, M., Pasculle, W.A., and Wells, A., 2006, "Antimicrobial activities of silver used as a polymerization catalyst for a wound-healing matrix," Biomaterials, no.24, pp. 4304-4314.

Eastoe, J., Gold, S., Rogers, S., Wyatt, P., Steytler, D.C., Gurgel, A., Heenan, R.K., Fan, X., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2006, "Designed CO2-philes stabilize water-in-carbon dioxide microemulsions," Angewandte Chemie, International Edition, no.22, pp. 3675-3677.

Beckman, E.J., 2005, "Inverse emulsion polymerization in carbon dioxide," in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide, M.F. Kemmere, and T. Meyer, eds., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KgaA, pp. 139-156, Weinheim, Germany.

Ablan, C.D., Sheppard, D., Beckman, E.J., Olmstead, M.M., and Jessop, P.G., 2005, "Solubility of several analogues of triphenylphosphine in carbon dioxide," Green Chemistry, no.8, pp. 590-594.

Fan, X., Potluri, V.K., McLeod, C.M., Wang, Y., Liu, J., Enick, R.M., Hamilton, A.D., Roberts, C.B., Johnson, J.K., and Beckman, E.J., 2005, "Oxygenated Hydrocarbon Ionic Surfactants Exhibit CO2 Solubility," Journal of the American Chemical Society, no.33, pp. 11754-11762.

Guelcher, S.A., Gallagher, K.M., Didier, J.E., Klinedinst, D.B., Doctor, J.S., Goldstein, A.S., Wilkes, G.L., Beckman, E.J., and Hollinger, J.O., 2005, "Synthesis of biocompatible segmented polyurethanes from aliphatic diisocyanates and diurea diol chain extenders," Acta Bomaterialia, no.4, pp. 471-484.

Beckman, E.J., 2004, "A Challenge for Green Chemistry: Designing Molecules that ReadilyDissolve in Carbon Dioxide," Chem. Comm., no.1885.

Beckman, E.J., 2004, "Supercritical and Near-critical CO2 in Green Chemical Synthesis and Processing," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.121.

Baradie, B., Shoichet, M.S., Shen, Z.H., McHugh, M.A., Hong, L., Wang, Y., Johnson, J.K., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2004, "Synthesis and solubility of linear poly(tetrafluoroethylene-co-vinyl acetate) in dense CO2: Experimental and molecular modeling results," Macromolecules, no.7799.

Guan, J., Sacks, M.E., Beckman, E.J., and Wagner, W.R., 2004, "Biodegradable poly(ether esterurethane)urea elastomers based on poly(ether ester) triblock copolymers and putrescine: synthesis, characterization and cytocompatibility," Biomat., no.85.

Kasnevich, A.D., and Beckman, E.J., 2004, "Oxidation Reactions in CO2," Chim. Oggi. (Chemistry Today), no.38.

Panza, J.L., and Beckman, E.J., 2004, "Chemistry and materials design for CO2 processing; Drugs and the Pharmaceutical Sciences, (Supercritical Fluid Technology for Drug Product Development), 1-26," Marcel Dekker, Inc..

Shi, L.J., Boduch-Lee, K.A., Henssler, J.T., Beckman, E.J., and Chapman, T.M., 2004, "Synthesis andCharacterization of Alkylated N-Vinyl Formamide Monomers and their Polymers," J. Polym. Sci. Part A-Polym. Chem., no.4994.

Beckman, E.J., 2003, "Green Chemical Processing Using CO2," Industr. Eng. Chem. Res., no.1598.

Beckman, E.J., 2003, "Oxidation Reactions in CO2: Academic Exercise or Future Green Processes?," Env. Sci. Tech., no.5289.

Beckman, E.J., 2003, "Production of H2O2 in CO2 and its use in the Direct Synthesis of Propylene Oxide," Green Chem., no.332.

Beckman, E.J., 2003, "Supercritical and Near-Critical CO2 in Chemical Synthesis and Processing asEnvironmentally Benign Solvent Replacements," EPA Order Number 1W-0590-NASA, US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, 145 pp..

Blanchard, A.L., Gu, Z., Brennecke, J.F., and Beckman, E.J., 2003, "Ionic Liquids and Supercritical CO2," NATO Science Series, II: Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry, (Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids), 403-418.

Blanchard, L.A., Gu, Z., Brennecke, J.F., and Beckman, E.J., 2003, "Ionic liquids and supercritical CO2; NATO Science Series, II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, (Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids)," Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Danciu, T., Beckman, E.J., Hancu, D., Cochran, R., Grey, R., Hajnik, D., and Jewson, J., 2003, "DirectSynthesis of Propylene Oxide Using CO2 as the Solvent," Angewandte Chemie, Int. ed., no.1140.

Kilic, S., Michalik, S., Wang, Y., Johnson, J.K., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2003, "Effect of Grafted Lewis Base Groups on the Phase Behavior of Model Poly(dimethyl siloxanes) in CO2," Industr. Eng. Chem. Res., no.6415.

McLeod, C.M., McHenry, R.S., Beckman, E.J., and Roberts, C.B., 2003, "Synthesis and Stabilization of Silver Metallic Nanoparticles and Premetallic Intermediates in Perfluoropolyether/CO2 Reverse Micelle Systems," J. Phys. Chem. B, no.2693.

Potulri, C.K., Hamilton, A.D., Karanikas, C.F., Bane, S.E., Xu, J., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2003, "The High Solubility of Per-Acetylated alpha, beta, and gamma-Cyclodextrin," Fl. Phase Equil., no.211.

Shen, Z., McHugh, M.A., Xu, J., Belardi, J., Kilic, S., Mesiano, A., Bane, S., Karanikas, C., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2003, "CO2-Solubility of Oligomers and Polymers that Contain the Carbonyl Group," Polymer, no.1491.

Shi, L., Chapman, T.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2003, "PEG-block-PNVF Copolymers Synthesized byRAFT Methodology," Macromolecules, no.2563.

Zhang, J., Doll, B.A., Beckman, E.J., and Hollinger, J.O., 2003, "A Biodegradable Polyurethane-Ascorbic acid Scaffold for bone tissue engineering," J. Biomed. Mat. Res. Part A, no.A, 389.

Zhang, J., Doll, B.A., Beckman, E.J., and Hollinger, J.O., 2003, "Three-dimensional biocompatibleascorbic acid containing scaffold for bone tissue engineering," Tissue Eng., no.1143.

Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Using Carbon Dioxide to Produce Chemical Products Sustainably," Environ. Sci. Tech., no.347A.

Burchenal, J.B., Deible, C.R., Deglau, T.E., Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Polyethylene Glycol Diisocyanate Decreases Platelet Deposition After Balloon Injury of Rabbit Femoral Arteries," J. Thrombosis and Thrombolysis, no.27.

Drohmann, C., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Phase Behavior of Polymers Containing Ether Groups in Carbon Dioxide," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.103.

Fink, R., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Siloxane-based Amphiphiles for the Heterogeneous Polymerizationof 1-Vinyl-2-Pyrrolidone in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide."

Guan, J., Sacks, M.S., Beckman, E.J., and Wagner, W.R., 2002, "Synthesis, Characterization, andCytocompatibility of Elastomeric, Biodegradable Poly(ester-urethane) ureas based on Poly(caprolactone) and Putrescine," J. Biomed. Mat. Res., no.493.

Hancu, D., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Generation of Hydrogen Peroxide in Carbon Dioxide," in Green Processing in CO2, M. Abraham, ed., ACS Symp. Ser..

Hancu, D., Green, J., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "H2O2 in CO2/H2O Biphasic Systems: GreenSynthesis and Epoxidations Reactions," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., no.4466.

Hancu, D., Green, J., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "H2O2 in CO2: Sustainable Production and Green Reactions," Acc. Chem. Res., no.757.

Huang, Z., Shi, C., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Generation of Microcellular Materials via Self-Assembly in Carbon Dioxide," Chem. Mat., no.4273.

Panza, J., Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Fluorinated NAD as an Affinity Surfactant," Chem. Comm..

Panza, J., Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Synthesis of Fluorinated NADH as a Soluble Co-Factor for Enzymatic Chemistry in Fluorous Solvents and CO2," Tetrahedron, no.4091.

Panza, J.L., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Surfactants in Supercritical Fluids," in SupercriticalFluid Technology in Materials Science and Engineering: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, Y.P. Sun, ed., Marcel Dekker, Inc., pp. 255-284, New York.

Panza, J.L., Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 2002, "Enzyme Activity Using a Perfluoropolyether-Modified NAD(H) in Fluorous Solvents and Carbon Dioxide," in Clean Solvents: Alternative Media for Chemical Reactions and Processing, M. Abraham, and L. Moens, eds., ACS Symposium Ser. 819, Amer. Chem. Soc., pp. 64-81, Washington, DC.

Potluri, V.K., Xu, J., Enick, R., Beckman, E.J., and Hamilton, A.D., 2002, "Per-acetylated SugarDerivatives Show High Solubility in Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide," Org. Lett., no.2333.

Zhang, J., Beckman, E.J., Hu, J., Agarwal, S., and Hollinger, J.O., 2002, "Synthesis, Biodegradability,and Biocompatibility of Lysine Diisocyanate-Glucose Polymer," J. Tissue Eng., no.5, p. 771.

Arakawa, H., Aresta, M., Armor, J.N., Barteau, M.A., Beckman, E.J., Bell, A.T., Bercaw, J.E., Creutz, C., Dinjus, E., Dixon, D.A., Domen, K., DuBois, D.L., Eckert, J., Fujita, E., Gibson, D.H., Goddard, W.A., Goodman, D.W., Keller, J., Kubas, G.J., Kung, H.K., Lyons, J.E., Manzer, L.E., Marks, T.J., and Morokuma, K., 2001, "Catalysis Research of Relevance to Carbon Management: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities," Chem. Rev., no.953.

Buzdugan, E., Ghioca, P., Stribeck, N., Beckman, E.J., and Serban, S., 2001, "Synthesis and Propertiesof some epsilon-Caprolactone-Based di- and Triblock Polymers by Anionic Polymerization," Macromol. Mat. Eng., no.497.

Enick, R.M., Beckman, E.J., Shi, C., Xu, J., and Chordia, L., 2001, "Remediation of Metal-bearing Aqueous Waste Streams via Direct Carbonation," Energy & Fuels, no.256.

Hancu, D., and Beckman, E.J., 2001, "Generation of Hydrogen Peroxide Directly from H2 and O2 Using CO2 as the Solvent," Green Chem., no.80.

Kline, B.J., Lele, S.S., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 2001, "Role of Diffusion in Biocatalytic Polytransesterification," AIChE J., no.489.

Mesiano, A.J., Enick, R.M., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 2001, "The Phase Behavior ofFluorinated Diols, Divinyl Adipate and a Fluorinated Polyester in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide," Fluid Phase Equilibria, no.169.

Powell, C., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2001, "Using Liquid CO2 in the Recovery of GoldParticles and in the Solvent Extraction of Precious Metals," Trans. Soc. Min. Eng., no.20.

Powell, C.J., and Beckman, E.J., 2001, "Design of Ligands for the Extraction of PtCl6- into Liquid CO2," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., no.2897.

Shi, C., Huang, Z., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2001, "Semi-fluorinated tin alkyl halides andFluorinated Telechelic Ionomers as Viscosity Enhancing Agents for Carbon Dioxide," Industr. Eng. Chem., no.908.

Andreopoulos, F.M., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 2000, "Photoswitchable PEG-CA Hydrogelsand Factors that Affect their Photosensitivity," J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem., no.1466.

Fink, R., and Beckman, E.J., 2000, "Phase Behavior of Silicone-Based Amphiphiles in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.101.

Hancu, D., and Beckman, E.J., 2000, "Production of Hydrogen Peroxide in Liquid CO2. 3. Oxidation of Functionalized Anthrahydroquinones in CO2," Ind. & Eng. Chem. Res., no.2843.

Hancu, D., Powell, C., and Beckman, E.J., 2000, "Combined Reaction/Separation Processes in Carbon Dioxide," in Green Engineering, P.T. Anastos, L.G. Heine, and T.C. Williamson, eds., ACS Symp. Ser. 766, ACS, p. 78, Washington, DC.

Huang, Z., Xu, J., Shi, C., Kilic, S., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2000, "Enhancement of theViscosity of Carbon Dioxide Using Styrene/Fluoroacrylate Copolymers," Macromolecules, no.5437.

Kline, B.J., Lele, S.S., Lenart, P.J., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 2000, "Use of a Batch Reactor to Rationally Tailor Biocatalytic Polytransesterification," Biotech. Bioeng., no.424.

Mesiano, A., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 2000, "Biocatalytic Synthesis of Fluorinated Polyesters," Biotech. Progr., no.64.

Panza, J.L., Wagner, W.R., Rilo, H.L., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 2000, "Treatment of Rat Pancreatic Islets with Reactive Poly(ethylene glycol)," Biomaterials, no.1155.

Sarbu, T., Styranec, T., and Beckman, E.J., 2000, "Non-fluorous Polymers with Very High Solubility in Supercritical CO2 down to Low Pressures," Nature, no.165.

Shi, C., Li, J., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2000, "The recovery of Fine Gold Particles from a Slurry of Minerals Using Liquid Carbon Dioxide," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.81.

Styranec, T., Sarbu, T., and Beckman, E.J., 2000, "Design of CO2-Philic Hydrocarbons. II. Acetate and Carbonate-Functional Polyethers," Industr. Eng. Chem. Res., no.4678.

Zhang, J., Beckman, E.J., Piesco, N.P., and Agarwal, S., 2000, "A New Peptide-Based Urethane Polymer: Synthesis, Biodegradation, and potential to Support Cell Growth," Biomaterials, no.1247.

Beckman, E.J., 1999, "Carbon Dioxide as a Raw Material in Polymer Synthesis," Science, no.946.

Andreopoulos, F.M., Roberts, M.R., Bentley, M.D., Harris, J.M., Beckman, E.J., and Russel, A.J., 1999, "Photo-immobilization of Organophosphorous Hydrolase within a PEG-based Hydrogel," Biotech. Bioeng., no.579.

Blanchard, L.A., Hancu, D., Beckman, E.J., and Brennecke, J.F., 1999, "Ionic Liquid/CO2 Biphasic Systems: New Media for Green Processing," Nature, no.28.

Fink, R., and Beckman, E.J., 1999, "High Pressure Reaction Equipment: Design and Safety; Chapter 2," in Chemical Synthesis in Supercritical Fluids, P. Jessop, and W. Leitner, eds., Wiley-VCH, p. 67, New York.

Fink, R., Hancu, D., Valentine, R., and Beckman, E.J., 1999, "Toward the Development of CO2-philic Hydrocarbons: I. The use of Side-Chain Functionalization to Lower the Miscibility Pressure of Poly(dimethyl siloxanes) in CO2," J. Phys. Chem. B, no.6441.

Hancu, D., and Beckman, E.J., 1999, "Generation of Hydrogen Peroxide in CO2. I. Design and Phase Behavior of CO2-philic Anthraquinones," Industr. Eng. Chem. Res., no.2824.

Hancu, D., and Beckman, E.J., 1999, "Generation of Hydrogen Peroxide in CO2. II. Kinetics of Hydrogenation of CO2-philic Anthraquinones," Industr. Eng. Chem. Res., no.2833.

Mesiano, A.J., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1999, "Supercritical Biocatalysis," Chem. Rev., no.623.

O'Neil, M.L., Newman, D., and Beckman, E.J., 1999, "Solvent-Free Generation of Poly(Vinyl Acetals) Directly from Poly(Vinyl Acetate)," Polym. Eng. Sci., no.862.

Rodney, R., Allinson, B.T., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1999, "Enzyme-CatalyzedPolycondensation Reactions for the Synthesis of Aromatic Polycarbonates and Polyesters," Biotech. Bioeng., no.485.

Rodney, R., Stagno, J., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1999, "Enzymatic Synthesis of Carbonate Monomers and Polymers," Biotech. Bioeng., no.259.

Sarbu, T., and Beckman, E.J., 1999, "Homopolymerization and Copolymerization of CyclohexeneOxide and Carbon Dioxide Using Zinc and Aluminum Catalysts," Macromolecules, no.6904.

Shi, C., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 1999, "The Recovery of Free Gold Particles Using Water-Liquid Carbon Dioxide Biphasic Separations," Trans. of SME, no.69.

Shi, C., Huang, Z., Kilic, S., Xu, J., Enick, R.M., Beckman, E.J., Carr, A.J., Melendez, R.E., and Hamilton, A.D., 1999, "The Gelation of CO2: A Sustainable Route to the Creation of Microcellular Materials," Science, no.1540.

Zacheria, R.E., Simon, S.L., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 1999, "Improving the Thermal Stability of a Polymer through Liquid Carbon Dioxide Extraction of a Transition Metal Catalyst," J. Polym. Degrad. Stab., no.85.

Andreopoulos, F.M., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1998, "Light-Induced Tailoring of PEG-Hydrogel Properties," Biomaterials, pp. 1343-1352.

Andreopoulos, F.M., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1998, "The Diffusion Properties ofPhotosensitive PEG-Based Hydrogel Membranes," in Biomaterials, Carriers for Drug Delivery, and Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering, L. Brannon-Peppas, A.G. Mikos, D.J. Mooney, and N.A. Peppas, eds., AIChE, p. 27, NY.

Chaudhary, A., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1998, "Enzymes for Polymer Synthesis," in Enzymes in Polymer Synthesis, R.A. Gross, D.L. Kaplan, and G. Swift, eds., ACS Symp. Ser. 684, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C..

Chaudhary, A.K., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1998, "Non-Equal Reactivity Model for Biocatalytic Polytransesterification," AIChE J., no.753.

Chaudhary, A.K., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1998, "Rapid Biocatalytic Polytransesterification: Reaction Kinetics in an Exothermic Reaction," Biotech. Bioeng., no.428.

Deible, C., Wagner, W., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A., 1998, "Creating Molecular Barriers to AcutePlatelet on Damaged Arteries with Reactive Polyethylene Glycol," J. Biomed. Mat. Res., no.256.

Deible, C.R., Petrosko, P., Johnson, P.C., Beckman, E.J., Russell, A.J., and Wagner, W.R., 1998, "Molecular Barriers to Biomaterial Thrombosis by Modification of Surface Proteins with Polyethylene Glycol," Biomaterials, no.1885.

Diep, P., Jordan, K.D., Johnson, J.K., and Beckman, E.J., 1998, "CO2-Fluorocarbon and CO2- Hydrocarbon Interactions from First-Principles Calculations," J. Phys. Chem. A, no.2231.

Enick, R.M., Beckman, E.J., Shi, C.M., and Karmana, E., 1998, "Formation of Fluoroether Polyurethanes in Dense Carbon Dioxide," J. Supercrit. Fl, no.127.

Enick, R.M., Beckman, E.J., Yazdi, A.V., Krukonis, V.J., Schonemann, H., and Howell, J., 1998, "Phase Behavior of CO2-perfluoropolyether Oil Mixtures and CO2-Perfluoropolyether Chelate Mixtures," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.121.

Ghenciu, E., Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 1998, "Extraction of Subtilisin into Carbon Dioxide via Fluoroether Surfactants," Biotech. Bioeng, no.572.

Kline, B., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1998, "One-Step Biocatalytic Synthesis of Linear Polyesters with Pendant Hydroxyl Groups," J. Am. Chem. Soc., no.9475.

Li, J., and Beckman, E.J., 1998, "Extraction of Heavy Metals into CO2 from Low pH Aqueous Solutions," Industr. Eng. Chem. Res., no.4768.

Sparacio, D., and Beckman, E.J., 1998, "Generation of Microcellular Biodegradable Polymers Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide," in Solvent-Free Polymerizations and Processes: Minimization of Conventional Organic Solvents, M. Hunt, and T. Long, eds., ACS Symposium Series Vol 713, pp. 181-195.

Super, M.S., and Beckman, E.J., 1998, "Copolymerization of CO2 and Cyclohexene Oxide," Macromol. Chem. Phys. -Macromol. Symp., no.89.

Chaudhary, A., Lopez, J., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1997, "Biocatalytic Solvent-Free Polymerization to Produce High Molecular Weight Polyesters," Biotech. Progr., no.318.

Ghenciu, E., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Proteins," in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Technology Yearbook, McGraw-Hill, p. 49, New York, NY.

Ghenciu, E.G., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Affinity Extraction into Carbon Dioxide I. Extraction of Avidin into CO2 using a Biotin-Functional Fluoroether Surfactant," Industr. Eng. Chem., no.5366.

Goud, N., Patwardhan, A., Koepsel, R., Beckman, E.J., and Ataai, M., 1997, "Selection ofSpecific Peptide Ligands for Immobilized Metals using a Phage-Displayed Peptide Library," Intl. J. Biochromatography, pp. 123-136.

Hadida, S., Super, M.S., Beckman, E.J., and Curran, D., 1997, "Design of Highly CO2-Soluble Chelating Agents II. Effect of Chelate Structure and Process Parameters on Extraction Efficiency," J. Am. Chem. Soc., no.7406.

Lepilleur, C., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Dispersion Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate in CO2," Macromolecules, no.745.

Lepilleur, C., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Effect of Molecular Architecture on the Phase Behavior of Fluoroether-Functional Graft Copolymers in Supercritical CO2," Fluid Phase Equil., no.285.

Singley, E.J., Daniel, A., Person, D., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Determination of Mark-Houwinck Parameters for Poly(N-vinyl Formamide)," J. Poly. Sci.-Chem., no.2533.

Singley, E.J., Liu, W., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Phase Behavior and Emulsion Formation of Fluoroether Amphiphiles in Carbon Dioxide," Fluid Phase Equil., no.199.

Super, M., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Copolymerizations Employing CO2 as Comonomer," Trends in Polym. Sci., no.236.

Super, M., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Phase Behavior of CO2-Cyclohexene Oxide Mixtures," J. Chem. Eng. Data., no.664.

Super, M., Berluche, E., Costello, C., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Copolymerization of CO2 and Cyclohexene Oxide," Macromolecules, no.368.

Yazdi, A.V., and Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Design of Highly CO2-Soluble Chelating Agents II. Effect of Chelate Structure and Process Parameters on Extraction Efficiency," Ind. Eng. Chem., no.2368.

Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Solubilization of Biomolecules in Carbon Dioxide," Science, no.613.

Adamsky, F., and Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Emulsion Polymerization of Acrylamide in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide; Volume 1: A-B," in The Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia, J.C. Salamone, ed., CRC Press, p. 54, Boca Raton, FL.

Andreopoulos, F.M., Deible, C.R., Stauffer, M.T., Weber, S.G., Wagner, W.R., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1996, "Photoscissable Hydrogel Synthesis via Rapid Photopolymerization of Novel PEG-based Polymers in the Absence of Photoinitiators," J. Am. Chem. Soc., no.6235.

Chaudhary, A.K., Kamat, S., Beckman, E.J., Nurok, E.J., Hajdu, P., Kleyle, R., and Russell, A.J., 1996, "Control of Subtilisin Specificity by Solvent Engineering in Organic Solvents and Supercritical Fluids," J. Am. Chem. Soc., no.12891.

Deible, C.R., Russell, A.J., Beckman, E.J., and Wagner, W.W., 1996, "Covalently-attached Polyethylene Glycol Reduces Platelet Deposition onto Damaged Placental Arteries," Circulation, no.615.

Parks, K., and Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Generation of Microcellular Polyurethane via Polymerization in Carbon Dioxide II. Foam Formation and Morphology," Polym. Eng. Sci., no.2417.

Parks, K., and Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Generation of Microcellular Polyurethane via Polymerization inCarbon Dioxide I. Phase Behavior of Polyurethane Precursors," Polym. Eng. Sci., no.2404.

Yazdi, A.V., and Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Bubble Nucleation in Polymer Systems," in Polymer Devolatilization, R.J. Albalak, ed., Marcel Dekker.

Yazdi, A.V., and Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Design, Synthesis, and Evaluation of Highly CO2-Soluble Chelating Agents for the Removal of Heavy Metals," Ind. Eng. Chem., no.3644.

Yazdi, A.V., Lepilleur, C., Singley, E.J., Liu, W., Ghenciu, G., Adamsky, F.A., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Highly Carbon Dioxide Soluble Surfactants, Dispersants, and Chelating Agents," Fluid Phase Equil., no.297.

Altland, B.L., Cox, D., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1995, "Optimization of the High Pressure,Near-Critical Liquid-Based Microsortation of Recyclable Post-Consumer Plastics," Res. Recov. Recycl., no.203.

Chaudhary, A., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1995, "Rational Control of Polymer Molecular Weight and Dispersity During Enzyme-catalyzed Polyester Synthesis in Supercritical Fluids," J. Am. Chem. Soc., no.3728.

Chaudhary, A.K., Critchley, G., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1995, "Biocatalytic Polyester Synthesis: Analysis of the Evolution of Molecular Weight and End Group Functionality," Biotech. Bioeng., no.227.

Chaudhary, A.K., Gritchley, G., Diaf, A., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1995, "Characterization of Synthetic Polymers using Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry," Macromolecules, no.2213.

Diaf, A., and Beckman, E.J., 1995, "Polymeric Sorbents for CO2, SO2, and NOx: Structure-Sorption Properties Relationships," in Adsorption Fundamentals and Environmental Applications of Novel Adsorbents, Y. Cohen, and R.W. Peters, eds., AIChE Symp. Ser..

Diaf, A., and Beckman, E.J., 1995, "Thermally-Reversible Polymeric Sorbents for Acid Gases III. Effect of Alkyl Spacer Length on CO2-Binding," React. Funct. Polym., no.45.

Diaf, A., and Beckman, E.J., 1995, "Thermally-Reversible Polymeric Sorbents for Acid Gases IV. SO2 and NO2," React. Polym., no.89.

Goel, S.K., and Beckman, E.J., 1995, "Nucleation and Growth in Microcellular Materials: Supercritical CO2 as Foaming Agent," AIChE J., no.357.

Kamat, S., Critchley, G., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1995, "Biocatalytic Synthesis of Acrylates in Organic Solvents and Supercritical Fluids. 3. Does Carbon Dioxide Modify Enzymes?," Biotech. Bioeng., no.610.

Kamat, S.V., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1995, "Enzyme Activity in Supercritical Fluids," Crit. Rev. Biotech., no.41.

Yazdi, A., and Beckman, E.J., 1995, "Design of Highly CO2-Soluble Chelating Agents for the Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Heavy Metals," J. Mat. Res., no.530.

Beckman, E.J., Hoefling, T.A., Van Opstal, L., Koningsveld, R., and Porter, R.S., 1994, "Mean Field Lattice Equations of State: VI. Prediction of Volume and Surface Parameters via Bondi's Group Contribution Theory," Fluid Phase Equilibria, no.121.

Adamsky, F.A., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Inverse Emulsion Polymerization of Acrylamide in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide," Macromolecules, no.312.

Diaf, A., Garcia, J., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Thermally-Reversible Polymeric Sorbents for Acid Gases," in Carbon Dioxide Chemistry: Environmental Issues, J. Paul, and C.M. Pradier, eds., Royal Society of Chemistry, p. 282, Cambridge, UK.

Diaf, A., Garcia, J., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Thermally-Reversible Polymeric Sorbents for Acid Gases: CO2, SO2, and NOx," J. Appl. Polym. Sci., no.857.

Goel, S.K., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Generation of Microcellular Polymeric Foams UsingSupercritical Carbon Dioxide - 1: Effect of Pressure and Temperature on Cell Density," Polym. Eng. Sci., no.1137.

Goel, S.K., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Generation of Microcellular Polymeric Foams UsingSupercritical Carbon Dioxide - 2: Effect of Pressure and Temperature on Cell Growth," Polym. Eng. Sci., no.1148.

Russell, A.J., Beckman, E.J., and Chaudhary, A., 1994, "Biocatalysis and Polymer Synthesis in Supercritical Fluids," Chemtech, no.33.

Super, M.S., Parks, K.L., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Carbon Dioxide as Solvent and Monomer in Copolymerizations," in Carbon Dioxide Chemistry: Environmental Issues, J. Paul, and C.M. Praider, eds., Royal Society of Chemistry, p. 396, Cambridge, UK.

Suresh, J., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Prediction of Liquid-Liquid Equilibria of Ternary Mixtures From Binary Data," Fluid Phase Equilibria, no.2192.

Suresh, J., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Phase Behavior of Nylon 6 - Trifluoroethanol - CO2 Mixtures," Macromolecules, no.348.

Yazdi, A., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Highly CO2-Soluble Chelating Agents for Supercritical Extraction and Recovery of Heavy Metals," in Materials & Processes for Environmental Protection, C. Adkins, P.N. Gadgil, L.M. Quick, and K.E. Voss, eds., Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Ser. No. 344, MRS Publ., pp. 211-216, Pittsburgh, PA.

Yazdi, A., and Beckman, E.J., 1994, "Highly CO2-Soluble Chelating Agents for Supercritical Extraction and Recovery of Heavy Metals," in Metals and Materials Waste Reduction, Recovery, and Remediation, R.G. Bautista, K.C. Lidell, and R.J. Orth, eds., Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, p. 19, Warrendale, PA.

Almeida, N.F., Beckman, E.J., and Ataai, M.M., 1993, "Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase in ThinPolypyrrole Films: Influence of Polymerization Conditions and Film Thickness on the Activity and Stability of the Immobilized Enzyme," Biotechnol. Bioeng., no.1037.

Diag, A., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Re-design of Expanded Polystyrene to Allow Use ofCO2 as a Blowing Agent. I. Reversible Binding of CO2," J. Appl. Polym. Sci., no.835.

Goel, S.K., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Generation of Microcellular Polymers using Supercritical CO2," Cell. Polym., no.251.

Goel, S.K., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Plasticization of Poly(methyl methacrylate) Networks by Supercritical CO2," Polymer, no.1410.

Hoefling, T.A., Beitle, R.R., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Design and Synthesis of Highly CO2-Soluble Surfactants and Chelates," Fluid Phase Equil., no.203.

Hoefling, T.A., Newman, D.A., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Effect of Structure on the Cloud Point of Fluoroether Amphiphiles in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.205.

Hoefling, T.A., Newman, D.A., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Effect of Structure on the Cloud Point of Silicone Amphiphiles in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.165.

Kamat, S.V., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1993, "Control of Enzyme Enantioselectivity with Pressure Changes in Supercritical Fluoroform," J. Amer. Chem. Soc., no.8845.

Kamat, S.V., Iwaskewycz, B., Beckman, E.J., and Russel, A.J., 1993, "Biocatalytic Synthesis of Acrylates in Supercritical Fluids. 2. Tuning Enzyme Activity by Changing Pressure," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., no.2940.

Super, M.S., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Density-Based Separation of Thermoplastics Found in the Post-Consumer Waste Stream," Res. Conserv. Recycl., no.75.

Super, M.S., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1993, "Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluid Densities of CO2-SF6 Mixtures," Fl. Phase Equil., no.275.

Ayala, G., Kamat, S.V., Komives, C., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1992, "Solubilization andActivity of Proteins in Compressible Fluid Based Microemulsions," Bio/Technology, no.1584.

Ayala, G.A., Kamat, S., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1992, "Protein Extraction and Activity in Reverse Micelles of a Nonionic Detergent," Biotech. Bioengin., no.806.

Ayala, G.A., Kamat, S., Komives, C., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1992, "Solubilization and Activity of Proteins in Supercritical Fluids," Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., no.283.

Goel, S.K., and Beckman, E.J., 1992, "Modelling the Swelling of Crosslinked Elastomers by Supercritical Fluids," Polymer, no.5032.

Kamat, S., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1992, "Role of Diffusion in Non-Aqueous Enzymology: 1. Theory," Enz. Microb. Technol., no.265.

Kamat, S., Barrera, J., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1992, "Biocatalytic Synthesis of Acrylates in Organic Solvents and Supercritical Fluids I. Optimization of Enzyme Environment," Biotech. Bioengin., no.158.

Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 1992, "Enzyme Activity in Supercritical Fluids," Appl. Biochem. Biotech., no.197.

Stofesky, D., Reid, M., Hoefling, T.A., Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 1992, "The Effect of Hydroxyaluminum Disoaps and Perfluoroalkylpolyethers on the Viscosity of Liquid Propane and Carbon Dioxide," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.237.

Super, M.S., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1992, "Separation of Thermoplastics by Density UsingNear- Critical and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide and Sulfur Hexafluoride," in Emerging Technologies in Plastics Recycling, G.A. Andrews, and P.M. Subramanian, eds., ACS Symposium Series No. 513, p. 172, Washington D.C..

Beckman, E.J., and Smith, R.D., 1991, "Phase Behavior of a Propylene/Water/Surfactant Mixture as a Function of Pressure," J. Phys. Chem., no.3253.

Beckman, E.J., Fulton, J.L., and Smith, R.D., 1991, "Microemulsions in Supercritical Fluids; A Review; Chapter 12," in Supercritical Fluid Technology: Reviews in Modern Theory and Applications, T.J. Bruno, and J.F. Ely, eds., CRC Press.

Hoefling, T.A., Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 1991, "Microemulsions in Near- and Supercritical CO2," J. Phys. Chem., no.7127.

Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 1991, "Should the High Diffusivity of a Supercritical Fluid Increase the Rate of an Enzyme-Catalyzed Reaction," Enz. Microb. Technol., no.1007.

Beckman, E.J., and Smith, R.D., 1990, "Inverse Microemulsions formed from NonionicSurfactants in Near-critical and Supercritical Alkanes: Light Scattering Results," J. Phys. Chem., no.3729.

Beckman, E.J., and Smith, R.D., 1990, "Microemulsion Polymerization Within Near- and Supercritical Continuous Phases: Effect of Microemulsion Structure on Reaction Characteristics," J. Supercrit. Fl., no.205.

Beckman, E.J., and Smith, R.D., 1990, "Phase Behavior of Inverse Microemulsions for thePolymerization of Acrylamide in Near-critical and Supercritical Continuous Phases," J. Phys. Chem., no.345.

Beckman, E.J., Koningsveld, R., and Porter, R.S., 1990, "Mean Field Lattice Equations of State III. Modelling the Phase Behavior of Supercritical Gas-Polymer Mixtures," Macromolecules, no.2321.

Beckman, E.J., Fulton, J.L., Matson, D.W., and Smith, R.D., 1989, "Microemulsion Polymerization of Acrylamide within Near-critical and Supercritical Continuous Phases; No. 406," in Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology, K.P. Johnston, and J.L. Penninger, eds., ACS Symp. Ser., p. 184.

Beckman, E.J., Karasz, F.E., Porter, R.S., MacKnight, W.J., Van Hunsel, J., and Koningsveld, R., 1988, "Estimation of the Interfacial Fraction in Partially Miscible Polymer Blends from Differential Scanning Calorimetry," Macromolecules, no.1193.

Beckman, E.J., and Porter, R.S., 1987, "Crystallization of Bisphenol A Polycarbonate Induced by Supercritical CO2," J. Polym. Sci.-Polym. Phys. Ed., no.1511.

Beckman, E.J., Porter, R.S., and Koningsveld, R., 1987, "Mean Field Lattice Equations of State II. The Role of the Segmental Contact Surface Area in the Unification of Recent Lattice Models," J. Phys. Chem., no.6429.

Beckman, E.J., Porter, R.S., Koningsveld, R., and Kleintjens, L.A., 1987, "Mean Field Lattice Equations of State," in Integration of Polymer Science and Technology, L.A. Kleintjens, and P.J. Lemstra, eds., Elsevier.

Deible, C., Wagner, W., Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A., 1999, "Covalent Modification of Surfaces with Polymers to Increase Biocompatibility," 5,977,252.

Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Polymers Capable of Reversibly Complexing Acid Gases and Method of Using the Same," 5,507,848.

Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1999, "Further Extraction of Metals in CO2 and Chelating Agents Therefore," 5,872,257.

Beckman, E.J., 1992, "Separation of Physically Co-mingled Plastics Using a Supercritical Fluid to Facilitate Recycling," 5,126,058.

Russell, A.J., Beckman, E.J., Diaf, A., and Chaudhary, A.K., 1995, "Process for the Production of Polyesters using Enzymes and Supercritical Fluids," 5,478,910.

Russell, A.J., and Beckman, E.J., 1996, "Protein-Containing Polymers and a Method for Synthesizing," 5,482,996.

Beckman, E.J., 1997, "Polymers Capable of Reversibly Complexing Acid Gases and a Method of Using Same," 5,631,327.

Beckman, E.J., Fulton, J.L., and Smith, R.D., 1990, "Processes for Microemulsion Polymerization Employing Novel Microemulsion Systems," 4.933,404.

Beckman, E.J., and Russell, A.J., 1997, "Extraction of Metals in CO2 and Chelating Agents Therefore," 5,641,887.

Beckman, E.J., 1999, "Polymers Capable of Reversibly Complexing Acid Gases and Foamed Polymers Produced Therefrom," 5,886,061.

Beckman, E.J., and Hancu, D., 2002, "Synthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide," 6,342,196.

Beckman, E.J., and O'Neill, M., 2001, "Production of Powder Formulations; Assigned to the University of PIttsburgh," 6,184,270.

Beckman, E.J., Sarbu, T., and Styranec, T.J., 2004, "Carbon dioxide-philic compounds and methods of synthesis thereof," 6,686,438.

Hancu, D., Beckman, E.J., and Danciu, T., 2004, "Dense phase epoxidation," 6,710,192.

Beckman, E.J., Buckley, M., Agarwal, S., and Zhang, J., 2007, "Medical Adhesive and methods of Tissue Adhesion," 7,264,823.

Beckman, E.J., Chapman, T.M., Favero, C.G., Capelli, C.C., and Swift, H.E., 2005, "Synthesis of N-vinyl Formamide," 6,965,052.

Beckman, E.J., Chapman, T.M., and Shi, L., 2006, "N-vinyl formamide Derivatives, Polymers formed therefrom and Synthesis thereof," 7,135,598.

Enick, R.M., and Beckman, E.J., 2001, "Method and Composition for Surface Treatment of Metals," 6,183,815.

Beckman, E., 2003, "Carbon dioxide soluble surfactant having two fluoroether CO2-philic tail groups and a head group," 6,638,749.

Beckman, E.J., Chapman, T.M., Favero, C.G., Capelli, C.C., Swift, H.E., and Carroll, W.E., 2006, "Synthesis of N-vinyl Formamide," 7,026,511.

Beckman, E., 2007, "Carboxylation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons to produce Aromatic Carboxylic Acids," 7,271,286.

Beckman, E.J., Badylak, S.F., Wells, A.H., Zhang, J., and Freytes, D., 2011, "Wound Healing Polymeric Networks," 8.029,774.

Beckman, E.J., Fink, R., and Hildebrandt, V., 2001, "Process for the Preparation of Pulverulent Polymers by Polymerization in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide in the Presence of Polymers by Polymerization in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide in the Presence of Polyoxyalkylene-Polysiloxane Copolymers," 6,191,215.

Beckman, E.J., Ghenciu, E.G., Eliador, J., Becker, N.T., and Steele, L.M., 2003, "Extraction of water soluble biomaterials from fluids using a carbon dioxide/surfactant mixture," 6,562,605.

Beckman, E.J., and Hancu, D., 2003, "Synthesis of hydrogen peroxide," 6,596,884.

Beckman, E.J., and Hancu, D., 2003, "Synthesis of hydrogen peroxide," 6,656,446.

Cochran, R.N., Miller, J.F., Beckman, E.J., and Jones, S.E., 2005, "Dense Phase Oxidation of Benzene," 6,936,740.

Beckman, E.J., LoSasso, R.A., and LoSasso, J.E., 2008, "Networked Polymeric gels and the use of such Polymeric Gels in Hydrocarbon Recovery," 7,347,263.

Carroll, W.E., Rendu, C.J., and Beckman, E.J., 2009, "Composition for increasing cellulosic product strength and method of increasing cellulosic product strength," 7,494,566.

Beckman, E.J., Carroll, W.E., Chapman, T., Minnich, K.E., Sagl, D., and Goddard, R.J., 2009, "Cellulosic composition," 7,628,888.

Beckman, E.J., and Smith, J., 2012, "Hydrophilic Biodegradable Adhesives," 8,182,647.

Beckman, E.J., and Enick, R.M., 2001, "Method for Recovery of Metals from Solutions Thereof," 6,241,807.

Andreopoulos, F., Beckman, E.J., Russell, A.J., and Wagner, W.R., 1999, "Polymers for Reversible Photoinduced Sol-Gel Transitions," 5,990,193.

Andreopoulos, F., Beckman, E.J., Russell, A.J., and Wagner, W.R., 2001, "Polymers for Reversible Photoinduced Sol-Gel Transitions," 6,174,645.

Beckman, E.J., Carroll, W.E., Chapman, T.M., Minnich, K.E., Sagl, D., and Goddard, R.J., 2006, "Method for Increasing the Strength of a Cellulosic Product," 7,090,745.