headshot

Calixto Garcia

Professor
Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science

about

(2002) Outstanding Engineering Achievement Award by the Engineers' Society of Western Pennsylvania.

(2000) Professor of the Year, Materials Science and Engineering Department, University of Pittsburgh.

(2000) J. Deane Sensenbaugh Award by the Air & Waste Management Association.

(1995) Charles Hatchett Award, Institute of Materials, London.

(1990) Huntington Night Lecture, West Virginia Chapter of ASM.

(1981) Outstanding Teaching Assistant, University of Pittsburgh.

(1975) Best Student of Metallurgical Engineering-Natinoal Committee of Science and Technology, Mexico.

(1975) National Committee of Science and Technology Fellowship (Mexico).

(1975) Ford Motor Company, Research Fellowship, Mexico City.

(1974) National Committee of Science and Technology Fellowship (Mexico).

Iron and Steel Foundry Society-FHASA, Research Fellowship, Mexico City.

PhD, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, University of Pittsburgh

MS, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, University of Pittsburgh

BS, Chemical Engineering and Metallurgy, National University Autonomous of Mexico

Solis-Bravo, G., Merwin, M., & Garcia, C.I. (2020). Impact of Precipitate Morphology on the Dissolution and Grain-Coarsening Behavior of a Ti-Nb Microalloyed Linepipe Steel. METALS, 10(1), 89.MDPI AG. doi: 10.3390/met10010089.

Pablo Pedraza, J., Landa-Mejia, R., Garcia-Rincon, O., & Garcia, C.I. (2019). The Effect of Rapid Heating and Fast Cooling on the Transformation Behavior and Mechanical Properties of an Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS). METALS, 9(5), 545.MDPI AG. doi: 10.3390/met9050545.

Bruna, R., Ebri, G., Cerliani, A., Moriconi, J., & Garcia, C.I. (2018). A cost-effective approach to the development of high-strength-high-toughness NbVTi-based HSLA steels for the agricultural and heavy transportation industries. Iron and Steel Technology, 15(4), 66-72.

Garcia, C.I. (2017). High strength low alloyed (HSLA) steels**Every effort has been made to trace copyright holders and to obtain their permission for the use of copyright material. The publisher apologizes for any errors or omissions in the acknowledgements printed in this book and would be grateful if notified of any corrections that should be incorporated in future reprints or editions. In Automotive Steels. (pp. 145-167).Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-08-100638-2.00006-7.

Kish, L.B., Haezebrouck, D.M., Tan, S., & Garcia, C.I. (2016). Formation of Bainite in Advanced High-Strength Steels During Isothermal Transformation. Materials Performance and Characterization, 5(5), 20160068.ASTM International. doi: 10.1520/mpc20160068.

Liu, Z., Olivares, R.O., Lei, Y., Garcia, C.I., & Wang, G. (2016). Microstructural characterization and recrystallization kinetics modeling of annealing cold-rolled vanadium microalloyed HSLA steels. JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 679, 293-301.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.04.057.

Redkin, K.V., Hrizo, C., & Garcia, C.I. (2016). Microscale image-based finite element modeling of high-speed steel microstructure. Iron and Steel Technology, 13(10), 110-117.

Fang, C., Garcia, C.I., Choi, S.H., & Deardo, A.J. (2015). A Study of the Batch Annealing of Cold-Rolled HSLA Steels Containing Niobium or Titanium. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 46A(8), 3635-3645.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-015-2949-6.

Ordonez Olivares, R., Garcia, C.I., & Robles Hernandez, F.C. (2013). Metallurgy of high-carbon steels for railroad applications. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 113(2), 155-162.

Kisko, A.P., Suikkanen, P.P., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M., Karjalainen, L.P., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). Simulation of Line Annealing of Type 430 Ferritic Stainless Steel. Materials Science Forum, 715-716(Vol. 715-716), 437-446.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.715-716.437.

Allazadeh, M.R., & Garcia, C.I. (2011). FEM technique to study residual stresses developed in continuously cast steel during solid-solid phase transformation. IRONMAKING & STEELMAKING, 38(8), 566-576.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1179/1743281211Y.0000000046.

Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Redkin, K., Deardo, A.J., Tan, S., Somani, M., & Karjalainen, L.P. (2011). Influence of Critical Carbide Dissolution Temperature during Intercritical Annealing on Hardenability of Austenite and Mechanical Properties of DP-980 Steels. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 51(6), 969-974.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.51.969.

Olivares, R.O., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A., Kalay, S., & Hernandez, F.C.R. (2011). Advanced metallurgical alloy design and thermomechanical processing for rails steels for North American heavy haul use. WEAR, 271(1-2), 364-373.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2010.10.048.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., & Hua, M. (2010). Microalloyed steels for high-strength forgings. METALLURGIA ITALIANA, 102(9), 5-10.

Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M.J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2010). The Alloy Design and Thermomechanically Controlled Processing (TMCP) of Plate for High Pressure, Large Diameter Pipelines. Materials Science Forum, 638-642(Vols. 638-42), 124-129.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.638-642.124.

Gomez, M., Isaac Garcia, C., & Deardo, A.J. (2010). The Role of New Ferrite on Retained Austenite Stabilization in Al-TRIP Steels. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 50(1), 139-146.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.50.139.

Redkin, K.V., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2010). Microstructural Analysis of Thermite Welds. ASME 2010 Rail Transportation Division Fall Technical Conference, 1-8.ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/rtdf2010-42001.

Dean, S.W., Allazadeh, M.R., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Lovell, M.R. (2009). Analysis of Stress Concentration around Inclusions due to Thermally Induced Strain to the Steel Matrix. Journal of ASTM International, 6(5), 102041.ASTM International. doi: 10.1520/jai102041.

DeArdo, A.J., Hua, M.J., Cho, K.G., & Garcia, C.I. (2009). On strength of microalloyed steels: an interpretive review. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 25(9), 1074-1082.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1179/174328409X455233.

Gomez, M., Garcia, C.I., Haezebrouck, D.M., & Deardo, A.J. (2009). Design of Composition in (Al/Si)-alloyed TRIP Steels. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 49(2), 302-311.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.49.302.

Han, S., Seong, H., Ahn, Y., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Kim, I. (2009). Effect of alloying elements and coiling temperature on the recrystallization behavior and the bainitic transformation in TRIP steels. METALS AND MATERIALS INTERNATIONAL, 15(4), 521-529.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s12540-009-0521-x.

Allazadeh, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Alderson, K.J., & DeArdo, A.J. (2008). Ultrasonic Image Analysis of Steel Slabs. ADVANCED MATERIALS & PROCESSES, 166(12), 26-27.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2007). EBSD-IQ: A new method of characterizing and quantifying complex microstructures in steels. 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings, 335-344.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., De Ardo, A.J., Gao, W., & Glodowski, R.J. (2007). The transformation and strengthening behavior of V-N steels during hot strip mill simulation. Iron and Steel Technology, 4(10), 114-122.

Kang, H., Garcia, C.I., Chin, K., & Deardo, A.J. (2007). Effect of aluminum content on the mechanical properties of dual stabilized Ti-Nb interstitial free high strength steel (IF-HSS). ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 47(3), 486-492.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.47.486.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2007). On achieving a better understanding of the polygonal ferrite microstructure in IF steel using image quality analysis. MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSES, 22(2), 281-285.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10426910601134179.

Al Hajeri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2006). Particle-stimulated nucleation of ferrite in heavy steel sections. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 46(8), 1233-1240.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.46.1233.

Wang, R., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Zhang, H., & Deardo, A.J. (2006). Microstructure and precipitation behavior of Nb, Ti complex microalloyed steel produced by compact strip processing. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 46(9), 1345-1353.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.46.1345.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, J.E., Hua, M., & Garcia, C.I. (2005). A new frontier in microalloying: Advanced high strength, coated sheet steels. MICROALLOYING FOR NEW STEEL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS, 500-501, 27-37.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.500-501.27.

Garcia, C.I., Torkaz, C., Graham, C., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Physical metallurgy of high strength low alloy strip steel production using compact strip processing. IRONMAKING & STEELMAKING, 32(4), 314-318.Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1179/174328105X48052.

Wang, R.Z., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Zhang, H.T., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). The microstructure evolution of Nb,Ti complex microalloyed steel during the CSP process. MICROALLOYING FOR NEW STEEL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS, 500-501, 229-236.Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.500-501.229.

Tiitto, K.M., Jung, C., Wray, P., Garcia, C.I., & Deardo, A.J. (2004). Evolution of texture in ferritically hot rolled Ti and Ti plus Nb alloyed ULC steels during cold rolling and annealing. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 44(2), 404-413.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.44.404.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., Miller, M.K., & Deardo, A.J. (2003). Application of grain boundary engineering in lead-free "green steel". ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 43(12), 2023-2027.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.43.2023.

Yim, S., Wray, P., Tiitto, K.M., Garcia, C.I., & Deardo, A.J. (2003). Effect of chemical composition and thermomechanical processing on texture in hot bands of Ti and Ti plus Nb containing ultra-low carbon steels. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 43(10), 1615-1621.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.43.1615.

Renavikar, M.P., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2002). Role of crystallographic texture in controlling the springback behavior of ultra low carbon (ULC) steels. Iron and Steelmaker (I and SM), 29(5), 67-72.

Ruiz-Aparicio, L.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2001). Development of {111} transformation texture in interstitial-free steels. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 32(9), 2325-2334.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-001-0206-7.

Mujahid, M., Lis, A.K., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1998). HSLA-100 steels: Influence of aging heat treatment on microstructure and properties. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, 7(2), 247-257.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1361/105994998770347981.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1997). Precipitation behavior in ultra-low-carbon steels containing titanium and niobium. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 28(9), 1769-1780.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/s11661-997-0108-4.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Eloot, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1997). Identification of Ti-S-C-containing multi-phase precipitates in ultra-low carbon steels by analytical electron microscopy. ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 37(11), 1129-1132.Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.37.1129.

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1996). The influence of niobium supersaturation in austenite on the static recrystallization behavior of low carbon microalloyed steels. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 27(4), 951-960.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02649763.

PALMIERE, E.J., GARCIA, C.I., & DEARDO, A.J. (1994). COMPOSITIONAL AND MICROSTRUCTURAL CHANGES WHICH ATTEND REHEATING AND GRAIN COARSENING IN STEELS CONTAINING NIOBIUM. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 25(2), 277-286.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02647973.

HUA, M.J., GARCIA, C.I., & DEARDO, A.J. (1993). MULTIPHASE PRECIPITATES IN INTERSTITIAL-FREE STEELS. SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 28(8), 973-978.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0956-716X(93)90065-Z.

POULY, P., HUA, M.J., GARCIA, C.I., & DEARDO, A.J. (1993). ISOTHERMAL TRANSFORMATION BEHAVIOR OF NEAR-GAMMA TIAL ALLOYS. SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA, 29(12), 1529-1534.Elsevier BV. doi: 10.1016/0956-716X(93)90272-T.

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., Pytel, S.M., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). Ultra-low carbon bainitic steel plate steels: Processing, microstructure and properties. Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society of AIME, 13, 103-112.

POTTORE, N.S., GARCIA, C.I., & DEARDO, A.J. (1991). INTERRUPTED AND ISOTHERMAL SOLIDIFICATION STUDIES OF LOW AND MEDIUM CARBON-STEELS. METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, 22(8), 1871-1880.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF02646512.

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1990). New high strength microalloyed multi-phase steel. Processing microstructure and properties. Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Wire Association International, 102-109.

Garcia, C.I. (1986). BASIC METALS PROCESSING RESEARCH INSTITUTE. Journal of Metals, 38(4), 37-38.

GARCIA, C.I. (1986). THE BASIC METALS PROCESSING RESEARCH-INSTITUTE. JOURNAL OF METALS, 38(4), 37-38.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF03257869.

Garcia, C.I., Ratz, G.A., Burke, M.G., & DeArdo, A.J. (1985). REDUCING TEMPER EMBRITTLEMENT BY LANTHANIDE ADDITIONS. Journal of Metals, 37(9), 22-28.

GARCIA, C.I., RATZ, G.A., BURKE, M.G., & DEARDO, A.J. (1985). REDUCING TEMPER EMBRITTLEMENT BY LANTHANIDE ADDITIONS. JOURNAL OF METALS, 37(9), 22-28.Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1007/BF03258635.

Garcia, C.I., & Deardo, A.J. (1981). FORMATION OF AUSTENITE IN 1. 5 PCT Mn STEELS. Metallurgical transactions. A, Physical metallurgy and materials science, 12 A(3), 521-530. doi: 10.1007/BF02648551.

Garcia, C., McHugh, D., Reed, B., & Simoes, L. (2021). Physical Modeling for Product Development and Performance Optimization in Hot Dip Galvanizing Lines. In AISTech 2021 Proceedings of the Iron and Steel Technology Conference, 2021-June, (pp. 749-757).AIST. doi: 10.33313/382/073.

Blancas-Garcia, V., Garcia, E., & Garcia, C.I. (2017). A new view of the grain-coarsening behavior of austenite and the role of high-mobility boundaries in ti-microalloyed low-carbon steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2017, MS and T 2017, 2, (pp. 1030-1037). doi: 10.7449/2017/MST-2017-1030-1037.

Bravo, G.S., & Garcia, C.I. (2017). Understanding the microstructural factors responsible for the low-toughness performance of seamless-pipe steel through Advanced Microstructural Characterization and NDT-EMAT analysis. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2017, MS and T 2017, 2, (pp. 1054-1061). doi: 10.7449/2017/MST-2017-1054-1061.

Bruna, R., Ebri, G., Cerliani, A., Moriconi, J., & Garcia, C.I. (2017). A cost-effective approach to the development of high-strength-high-Toughness NbVTi-based HSLA steels for the agricultural and heavy transportation industries. In AISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, 3, (pp. 2847-2857).

Juan, H., Zhou, Y., Schade, C., & Garcia, C. (2017). Grain Growth and Densification Behavior of 316L Stainless Steel Metallic Components Produced via Binder Jet-Powder Printing (3-D) System Using Water Atomized Powders. In Contributed Papers from MS&T17, 1, (pp. 248-255).MS&T17. doi: 10.7449/2017/mst_2017_248_255.

Guo, D., Garcia, C.I., Zhao, H.G.B., Rainier, A., Aihua, S., Wang, B., Bo, Z., & Liguo, M. (2015). Effect of cooling conditions on micro-structure of tyre cord steel. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2015, MS and T 2015, 2, (pp. 927-937).

Redkin, K.V., Hrizo, C., & Garcia, C.I. (2015). Microscale image-based finite element modeling of high speed steel microstructure. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2015, MS and T 2015, 1, (pp. 567-578).

Redkin, K.V., Hrizo, C., & Garcia, C.I. (2015). Finite element analysis and hot compression studies of high-speed steel work rolls. In AISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, 3, (pp. 3175-3184).

Zhou, Y., Siw, S.C., Schade, C., Chyu, M., & Garcia, C.I. (2015). Development and optimization for metallic parts/components using powder bed additive manufacturing. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2015, MS and T 2015, 2, (pp. 1641-1651).

Ordonez, R., DeArdo, A.J., & Garcia, C.I. (2014). Comparison of the Annealing Behavior of Three Cold Rolled (Ti-bearing, Nb-bearing and V-bearing) HSLA Steels. In MRS Proceedings, 1611(2), (pp. 123-132).Springer Science and Business Media LLC. doi: 10.1557/opl.2014.768.

Ordonez, R., Wang, G., Liu, Z., Smiley, J., Moses, R., & Garcia, C.I. (2014). Microstructural and computer modeling study of the annealing behavior of vanadium bearing HSLA steel after cold rolling. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2014, MS and T 2014, 1, (pp. 415-427).

Redkin, K.V., Hrizo, C., Schleiden, R., & Garcia, C.I. (2014). Microstructural and precipitation analysis of conventional roughing stand work rolls using thermodynamic simulations and advanced characterization techniques. In AISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, 3, (pp. 2783-2795).

Zhou, Y., Siw, S.C., & Garcia, C.I. (2014). Microstructural and porosity characterization during the sintering process of 420 stainless steel samples using powder based 3D printing. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2014, MS and T 2014, 3, (pp. 1975-1983).

Zhou, Y., Siw, S.C., Orange, M., Schade, C., & Garcia, C.I. (2014). Sintering behavior of components produced by additive manufacturing using gas versus water atomized 420 stainless steel powders. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2014, MS and T 2014, 3, (pp. 1993-2002).

Liang, X.J., Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2013). The Thermomechanical Controlled Processing of High-Strength Steel Plate: A New View of Toughness Based on Modern Metallography. In Materials Science Forum, 762, (pp. 38-46).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.762.38.

Redkin, K.V., Vipperman, J.S., Hnzo, C., Schleiden, R., & Garcia, C.I. (2013). Multiscale finite element modeling and microstructural evaluation of centrifugally cast high-speed steel finishing rolls. In Iron and Steel Technology, 10(10), (pp. 69-84).

Redkin, K.V., Vipperman, J.S., Hrizo, C., Schleiden, R., & Garcia, C.I. (2013). Multi-scale finite element modeling and microstructural evaluation of centrifugally cast high-speed steel finishing rolls. In AISTech - Iron and Steel Technology Conference Proceedings, 2, (pp. 1985-2000).

Fang, C., Garcia, C.I., Choi, S.H., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). Assessment of the Stored Energy Evolution during Batch Annealing Process of Cold Rolled HSLA Steels. In Materials Science Forum, 715-716, (pp. 557-562).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.715-716.557.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Redkin, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). Metallurgy and continuous galvanizing line processing of high-strength dual-phase steels microalloyed with Niobium and Vanadium. In METALLURGIA ITALIANA, 104(6), (pp. 3-8).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Redkin, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). The alloy design and processing of high-strength dual-phase steels for production on continuous galvanizing lines. In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings - Combined with MS and T'12, Materials Science and Technology 2012, (pp. 213-223).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Redkin, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). The alloy design and processing of high strength dual-phase steels for production on continuous galvanizing lines. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2012, MS and T 2012, 2, (pp. 1003-1012).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., Liang, X., Suikannen, P., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). On the Microstructure of Plate Steels for API-5L X120 Applications. In Materials Science Forum, 706-709, (pp. 17-23).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/msf.706-709.17.

Liang, X., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). Effect of bainite transformation on grain boundary character distribution and DBTT in high strength linepipe steel. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2012, MS and T 2012, 2, (pp. 876-884).

Liang, X., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2012). Effect of bainite transformation on grain boundary character distribution and DBTT in high-strength linepipe steel. In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings - Combined with MS and T'12, Materials Science and Technology 2012, (pp. 77-86).

Allazadeh, M.R., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Lovell, M.R. (2010). Analysis of Stress Concentration around Inclusions Due to Thermally Induced Strain to the Steel Matrix. In ASTM Special Technical Publication, 1523 STP, (pp. 253-268).ASTM International. doi: 10.1520/stp49153s.

Cho, K., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Lee, J., Ahn, Y.S., & DeArdo, A.J. (2010). A New Method to Study the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Decomposition of Austenite in Advanced High Strength Sheet Steels. In ASTM Special Technical Publication, 1523 STP, (pp. 843-858).ASTM International. doi: 10.1520/stp49187s.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., & Hua, M. (2010). New Method of Characterizing and Quantifying Complex Microstructures in Steels. In MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSES, 25(1-3), (pp. 33-40).Informa UK Limited. doi: 10.1080/10426910903143415.

Fang, C., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Choi, S.H. (2010). The evolution of the stored energy during the batch annealing process of two cold rolled (Ti-bearing and Nb-bearing) HSLA steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2010, MS and T'10, 3, (pp. 1830-1839).

Fang, C., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Choi, S.H. (2010). The evolution of the stored energy during the batch annealing process of two cold-rolled (Ti-Bearing And Nb-Bearing) Hsla Steels. In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings - Combined with MS and T'10, Materials Science and Technology 2010, (pp. 589-598).

Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Redkin, K., DeArdo, A.J., Tan, S., Somani, M., & Karjalainen, P. (2010). The influence of the critical carbide dissolution temperature during intercritical annealing on the hardenability of austenite and mechanical properties of DP-980 steels. In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings - Combined with MS and T'10, Materials Science and Technology 2010, (pp. 571-581).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Suikkenan, P., Karjalainen, P., & DeArdo, A.J. (2010). The Alloy design, rolling and cooling of modern linepipe steels: From X60 to X120. In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Steel Rolling, (p. 129).

Ordonez, R., Garcia, C.I., & De Ardo, A.J. (2010). Effect of thermomechanical processing and cooling rate conditions on the austenite decomposition behavior in hypereutectoid steels. In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings - Combined with MS and T'10, Materials Science and Technology 2010, (pp. 47-55).

Redkin, K.V., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., Gutscher, D., & Kalay, S. (2010). Microstructural Analysis of Thermite Welds. In 2010 Joint Rail Conference, Volume 1, 1, (pp. 149-156).ASMEDC. doi: 10.1115/jrc2010-36086.

Dean, S.W., Cho, K., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Lee, J., Ahn, Y.S., & DeArdo, A.J. (2009). A New Method to Study the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Decomposition of Austenite in Advanced High Strength Sheet Steels. In Journal of ASTM International, 6(7), (p. 101822).ASTM International. doi: 10.1520/jai101822.

DeArdo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M., Choi, J.K., & Cho, J.Y. (2009). New method of characterizing and quantifying complex microstructures in steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2009, MS and T'09, 2, (pp. 944-955).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2009). On the strength of microalloyed steels - An interpretive review. In METALLURGIA ITALIANA, 101(11-12), (pp. 35-42).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., DeArdo, A.J., & Hajeri, K.A. (2009). Particle stimulated nucleation of ferrite in microalloyed steel. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2009, MS and T'09, 3, (pp. 1591-1602).

Gutiérrez, J.J., Vallejo, L.E., & García, C.I. (2009). The hydraulic conductivity of sands with dispersed oversized particles. In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: The Academia and Practice of Geotechnical Engineering, 1, (pp. 163-166). doi: 10.3233/978-1-60750-031-5-163.

Robles Hernández, F.C., Ordóñez Olivares, R., Szablewski, D., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A., & Kalay, S. (2009). Development of the next generation rail steels for heavy axle loads. In Proceedings - 9th International Heavy Haul Conference: "Heavy Haul and Innovation Development", (pp. 179-185).

Allazadeh, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Alderson, K.J., & Ardo, A.J.D. (2008). Using NDT image processing analysis to study the soundness and cleanliness of accelerated cooled continuously cast steel slabs. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08, 3, (pp. 1853-1864).

Borchardt, F.D.S., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2008). Microstructural and processing factors affecting the formation of pro-eutectoid cementite in SAE 1092 steel wire. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08, 2, (pp. 1302-1311).

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., & Hua, M. (2008). New method of characterizing and quantifying complex microstructures in steels. In New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, Buenos Aires 2008 - Proc. Int. Conf. New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, 2 Physical Metallurgy and Alloy Design, (pp. 1029-1040).

Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., Dearclo, A.J., Miller, M.K., & Glodowski, R.J. (2008). Study of strengthening mechanisms in V-N steels. In New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, Buenos Aires 2008 - Proc. Int. Conf. New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, 2 Physical Metallurgy and Alloy Design, (pp. 1041-1052).

Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., Deardo, A.J., Miller, M.K., & Glodowski, R.J. (2008). Origins of strength in V-N bearing strip steels. In 3rd International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing of Steels, TMP 2008.

Sha, Q.Y., Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2008). Transformation characteristics of M-A constituents in Nb-Ti microalloyed, low-mn steel and their effect on mechanical properties. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'08, 2, (pp. 1337-1347).

Cho, K., Garcia, C.I., Shu, H., Chen, T.R., & Deardo, A.J. (2007). Development of the 590 - 780 - 980 Nb-bearing dual-phase steels for production on continuous galvanizing lines. In 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings, (pp. 313-323).AIST.

DeArdo, A.J., Marraccini, R., Hua, M.J., & Garcia, C.I. (2007). Optimization of Nb HSLA Microstructure Using Advanced Thermomechanical Processing in a CSP Plant. In Materials Science Forum, 539-543(PART 1), (pp. 28-35).Trans Tech Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4028/0-87849-428-6.28.

DeArdo, J.A., & Garcia, C.I. (2007). 2007 International Conference on microalloyed Steels: Processing, microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings: Foreward. In 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings.

Garcia, C.I., Marraccini, R., Hua, M.J., & Deardo, A.J. (2007). Producing high quality skelp for X-70 API ERW pipe using the CSP process at nucor steel berkeley. In 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings, (pp. 69-81).AIST.

Gomez, M., Garcia, C., DeArdo, A., & Haezebrouck, D. (2007). Microstructural evolution during continuous galvanizing and final mechanical properties of high Al-low Si TRIP steels. In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings, Combined with Ms and T'07, Materials Science and Technology 2007, (pp. 1-14).Processing and Properties of TRIP Steels.

Gomez, M., Garcia, C., DeArdo, A., & Haezebrouck, D. (2007). Microstructural evolution during continuous galvanizing and final mechanical properties of high Al-low Si TRIP steels. In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems", 1, (pp. 1-14).

Kang, H., Garcia, C.I., Chin, K., & Deardo, A.J. (2007). Effect of aluminum content on the mechanical properties of dual stabilized Ti-Nb Interstitial Free High Strength Steel (IF-HSS). In AIST Steel Properties and Applications Conference Proceedings, Combined with Ms and T'07, Materials Science and Technology 2007, (pp. 85-98).

Kang, H., Garcia, C.I., Chin, K., & DeArdo, A.J. (2007). Effect of aluminum content on the mechanical properties of dual stabilized Ti-Nb interstitial free high strength steel (IF-HSS). In Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T'07 - "Exploring Structure, Processing, and Applications Across Multiple Materials Systems", 1, (pp. 84-97).

Wang, R., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Zhang, H., & Deardo, A.J. (2007). Precipitation during thin slab casting and rolling of microalloyed steels: Formation and effect of microalloying precipitates. In 2007 International Conference on Microalloyed Steels: Processing, Microstructure, Properties and Performance Proceedings, (pp. 225-237).AIST.

Al Hajeri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2006). Grain refinement in heavy section HSLA steels: Role of particle stimulated nucleation (PSN). In International Conference on New Developments in Long and Forged Products: Metallurgy and Applications, (pp. 239-249).

Al Hajeri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Refinement of ferrite grain size through Particle Stimulated Nucleation (PSN) mechanism in heavy steel sections. In Materials Science and Technology, 2, (pp. 51-62).

Chen, T.R., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Role of niobium on the segregation behavior of phosphorus and manganese in high strength if sheet steels for automotive use. In Materials Science and Technology, 2, (pp. 163-171).ASM, ACerS, AIST, AWS and TMS.

Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Gong, Y., Chen, T.R., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Development of high strength, low-carbon, Nb-bearing dual-phase steels for production on continuous galvanizing lines. In Materials Science and Technology, 2, (pp. 77-86).

Garcia-Gonzalez, J.E., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). Fundamental study of the austenite formation and decomposition in high strength low-Si, Al added Nb-Mo TRIP steels. In Materials Science and Technology, 2, (pp. 3-14).

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2005). An advanced understanding of the polygonal ferrite microstructures of if steel using image quality analysis. In Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials XIV With Frontiers in Materials Science 2005: Innovative Materials and Manufacturing Techiques - Proceedings of a Symposium, (pp. 283-306).ASM, AcerS, AIST, AWS, and TMS.

Wu, J.H., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., & Deardo, A.J. (2005). Image quality analysis: A new method of characterizing microstructures. In ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 45(2), (pp. 254-262).Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.45.254.

DeArdo, A.J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & Thillou, V. (2004). Precipitation hardening of ferrite in commercially processed niobium-bearing HSLA steels. In Materials Science and Technology, 1, (pp. 3-10).

Garcia, C.I., Parish, C., Ahn, Y.S., Hua, M., & DeArdo, A.J. (2004). Thermomechanical processing challenges in the cold mill. In International Conference on Advanced High Strength Sheet Steels for Automotive Applications - Proceedings, (pp. 285-291).AIST.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2003). Microstructure characterization of the austenite decomposition of HSLA steel strip. In Materials Science and Technology 2003 Meeting, (pp. 291-309).

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., & Deardo, A.J. (2002). Green Manufacturing: Eliminating Lead from Vehicles by Using Tin-Enhanced Free Machining Steels. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/2002-01-1000.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Deardo, A.J., & Piehler, H.R. (2002). Forming Strain Path and Cold Work Embrittlement in Sheet Steels. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/2002-01-0043.

Jiao, S., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2001). A model for calculating the lankford value in sheet steels. In Proceedings of the Conference on Computational Modeling of Materials, Minerals and Metals Processing, (pp. 605-612).TMS-AIME.

Osman, T.M., & Garcia, C.I. (2001). Niobium-bearing interstitial-free steels: Processing, structure and properties. In Niobium, Science and Technology, (pp. 699-725).

Rege, J.S., Hua, M.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (2000). The segregation behavior of phosphorus in Ti and Ti plus Nb stabilized interstitial-free steels. In ISIJ INTERNATIONAL, 40(2), (pp. 191-199).Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. doi: 10.2355/isijinternational.40.191.

Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1999). New alloy design and thermomechanical processing for improved performance of jumbo beam steels. In International Symposium on Steel for Fabricated Structures, (pp. 180-183).

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1998). New Understanding of Stabilization and the Properties of Ultra-Low Carbon Steels. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/980961.

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1998). Influence of processing conditions and alloy chemistry on the static recrystallisation of microalloyed austenite. In PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MICROALLOYING IN STEELS, 284-2, (pp. 151-157).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.284-286.151.

Thillou, V., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Perdrix, C., & DeArdo, A.J. (1998). Precipitation of NbC and effect of Mn on the strength properties of hot strip HSLA low carbon steel. In PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MICROALLOYING IN STEELS, 284-2, (pp. 311-318).Trans Tech Publications, Ltd. doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.284-286.311.

Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Hua, M. (1997). A new multi-phase steel for lighter, liability-free cold forged components. In Technical Paper - Society of Manufacturing Engineers. AD, (148), (pp. 1-10).

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Tither, G. (1997). Dual-stabilized ferritic stainless steels for demanding applications such as automotive exhaust systems. In Iron and Steelmaker (I and SM), 24(4), (pp. 41-44).

Rege, J.S., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1997). Segregation behavior of phosphorus and its role in the cold work embrittlement and annealing behavior of Ti-stabilized interstitial-free steels. In Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Conference Proceedings, (pp. 149-158).Iron and Steel Society.

Ruiz-Aparicio, L.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1997). Effect of initial grain size on transformation textures of ULC-steels. In Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Conference Proceedings, (pp. 233-240).

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Chemical twinning in the Ti4C2S2-TiS system. In Proceedings - Annual Meeting, Microscopy Society of America, (pp. 744-745).San Francisco Press.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Precipitation studies in Ti and Ti+Nb stabilized interstitial-free steels. In International Symposium on Low-Carbon Steels for the 90's, (pp. 445-451).

Kneissl, A.C., Posch, G., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Precipitation and recrystallization during TMP of complex microalloyed HSLA steels. In International Symposium on Low-Carbon Steels for the 90's, (pp. 113-119).

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Supression of static recrystallization in microalloyed steels by strain-induced precipitation. In International Symposium on Low-Carbon Steels for the 90's, (pp. 121-130).

Pytel, S.M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Toughness and fracture of ultra-low carbon plate steels. In International Symposium on Low-Carbon Steels for the 90's, (pp. 281-287).

Pytel, S.M., Garcia, C.I., DeArdo, A.J., & Eriksson, U. (1993). Quantitative Assessment of the Influence of Calcium Additions on Tool Wear in 8620 Steel. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/930964.

Ruiz-Aparicio, L., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Hot deformation behavior of interstitial free steels. In International Symposium on Low-Carbon Steels for the 90's, (pp. 419-426).

Xu, Y., Garcia, C.I., Franson, I.A., & DeArdo, A.J. (1993). Annealing behavior and formability. In International Symposium on Low-Carbon Steels for the 90's, (pp. 397-405).

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., Maguda, T.M., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). New microalloyed, multi-phase steel for high strength forging applications applications. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Processing, Microstructure and Properties of Microalloyed and Other Modern High Strength Low Alloy Steels, (pp. 395-400).

Garcia, C.I., Maguda, T.M., Lis, A.K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). The High Strength Cold Forging Applications of a New Low Carbon Multi-Phase Steel. In SAE Technical Paper Series.SAE International. doi: 10.4271/920531.

Garcia, C.I., Maguda, T.M., Lis, A.K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). High strength cold forging applications of a new low carbon multi-phase steel multi-phase steel. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Processing, Microstructure and Properties of Microalloyed and Other Modern High Strength Low Alloy Steels, (pp. 413-418).

Kneissl, A.C., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). Influence of processing on the nature of the precipitates in a microalloyed linepipe steel microalloyed linepipe steel. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Processing, Microstructure and Properties of Microalloyed and Other Modern High Strength Low Alloy Steels, (pp. 145-152).

Lis, A.K., Mujahid, M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). Role of copper in the aging behavior of HSLA-100 plate steel. (pp. 129-138).

Mujahid, M., Lis, A.K., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). Structure-property studies of Cu-containing HSLA-100 steels. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Processing, Microstructure and Properties of Microalloyed and Other Modern High Strength Low Alloy Steels, (pp. 345-356).

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). Static recrystallization and precipitation during the hot deformation of austenite of austenite. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Processing, Microstructure and Properties of Microalloyed and Other Modern High Strength Low Alloy Steels, (pp. 113-133).

Pytel, S.M., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1992). Fracture toughness of ultra-low carbon bainitic steels for heavy plate applications plate applications. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Processing, Microstructure and Properties of Microalloyed and Other Modern High Strength Low Alloy Steels, (pp. 359-369).

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1991). A New Microalloyed, Multi-Phase Steel for High Strength Forging Applications. In SAE Technical Paper Series, (p. 26).SAE International. doi: 10.4271/910143.

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1991). The High Strength Cold Forging Applications of a New Multi-Phase Steel. In SAE Technical Paper Series, (p. 413).SAE International. doi: 10.4271/910145.

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., & DeArdo, A.J. (1990). New microalloyed multi-phase steel for high strength cold heading applications. In Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Wire Association International, (pp. 26-30).

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1987). OPTIMIZING BULK AND SURFACE PROPERTIES OF MICROALLOYED FORGING STEELS UTILIZING INNOVATIVE ALLOY DESIGN AND THERMOMECHANICAL PROCESSING PRINCIPLES. (pp. 567-584).

Blicharski, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Ratz, G.A., & DeArdo, A.J. (1986). MOLYBDENUM-CONTAINING ULTRA LOW-CARBON BAINITIC STEELS FOR HEAVY PLATE APPLICATIONS. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP, 114, (pp. 11-15).

Garcia, C.I., Pytel, S., & DeArdo, A.J. (1986). EFFECT OF NON-METALLIC INCLUSIONS ON THE HOT DUCTILITY OF CONTINUOUSLY CAST LOW-ALLOY STEEL. (pp. 1811-1823).

Garcia, C.I., Ratz, G.A., Burke, M.G., & DeArdo, A.J. (1986). REDUCING THE SUSCEPTIBILITY TO TEMPER EMBRITTLEMENT IN 2 1/4 Cr-1Mo STEELS BY LANTHANIDE ADDITIONS. In American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP, 114, (pp. 1-9).

Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1982). FORMATION OF AUSTENITE IN LOW ALLOY STEELS. (pp. 855-860).

Garcia, C.I., & DeArdo, A.J. (1979). FORMATION OF AUSTENITE IN LOW-ALLOY STEELS. In IEEE Conference Record of Annual Pulp and Paper Industry Technical Conference, (pp. 40-61).

Research interests

Compact Strip Processing alloy...
development of high speed steels...
ferritic-martensitic steels and...
improving the annealing behavior of...
machinability - microstructure...
Microstructural characterization of...
Microstructural optimization...
Physical Metallurgy: Steels (HSLA,...
temper embrittlement of steels