Pitt | Swanson Engineering
Prof. Tony Deardo
Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science
Deardo, Anthony
Faculty
Professor
Office: 603 Benedum Hall
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PhD in Metallurgy and Materials Science, "Effect of Microstructure on the Stress-Corrosion Susceptibility of an Al-Zn-Mg Alloy", Carnegie-Mellon University, 1970

MS in Metallurgy and Materials Science, Carnegie-Mellon University, 1966

BS in Metallurgical Engineering, Drexel Institute of Technology, 1965

(2012) Adolf Martens Memorial Steel Lecture Award, Association for Iron and Steel Technology (AIST).

(2010) Benjamin F. Fairless Award, the Association for Iron and Steel Technology (AIST).

(2002) Engineering Achievement of the Year Award from Engineering Society of PA.

(2001) Meritorious Award for MWSP Paper, ISS.

(2000) Discover Magazine Awards for Technological Innovation.

(2000) Elected Fellow, ASM International.

(2000) J. Deane Sensenbaugh Award by Air & Waste Management Association.

(2000) Yearly Honor of Pittsburgh Business Times, Who's Who in Engineering.

(1997) Edgar C. Bain Award, ASM Pittsburgh Chapter.

(1995) Charles Hatchett Award, Institute of Materials, London.

(1994) Elected Fellow, Institute of Materials, London.

(1991) A. Jeffries Lecture, Cleveland Chapter of ASM International.

(1991) Andrew Carnegie Lecture, Pittsburgh Chapter of ASM International.

(1991) William Kepler Whiteford Chair, Materials Science and Engineering.

(1990) Visiting Committee Distinguished Professor.

(1984) Pittsburgh Night Lecture, Pittsburgh Chapter of ASM.

(1983) Engineering Meritorious Achievement Award: Excellence in Research with Industry.

(1977) Young Member of Year, Pittsburgh Chapter of ASM.

(1973) Gillette International Postdoctoral Research Fellowship.

(1971) Alpha Sigma Mu - National Metallurgy Honorary Fraternity.

(1971) National Steel Fellowship.

(1963) National Defense Education Act Fellowship.

Xu, Y., Garcia, C.I., Franson, I., and Deardo, A.J., In press, "Annealing Behavior and Formability of Ferritic Stainless Steels," TMS-AIME, p. 397.

Deardo, A.J., Gray, J.M., and Meyer, L., 1984, "The Fundamental Metallurgy of Niobium in Steel," TMS-AIME, H. Stuart, ed., p. 685, Manuscript submitted for publication.

Suikkanen, P.P., Cayron, C., Deardo, A.J., and Karjalainen, L.P., In press, "Crystallographic Analysis of Martensite in 0.2C-2.0Mn-1.5Si-0.6Cr Steel by EBSD," La Metallurgia Italiana.

Kisko, A.P., Suikkanen, P.P., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M., Karjalainen, L.P., and Deardo, A.J., 2012, "Simulation of Line Annealing of Type 430 Ferritic Stainless Steel," Materials Science Forum, no.Vol. 715-716, pp. 437-46.

Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Redkin, K., Deardo, A.J., Tan, S., Somani, M., and Karjalainen, L.P., 2011, "Influence of Critical Carbide Dissolution Temperature during Intercritical Annealing on Hardenability of Austenite and Mechanical Properties of DP-980 Steels," ISIJ International, vol.51, no.6, pp. 969-74.

2010, "The Alloy Design and Thermomechanically Controlled Processing (TMCP) of Plate for High Pressure, Large Diameter Pipelines," Materials Science Forum, no.Vols. 638-42, pp. 124-29.

Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M.J., and Deardo, A.J., 2010, "The Alloy Design and Thermomechanically Controlled Processing (TMCP) of Plate for High Pressure, Large Diameter Pipelines," Thermec 2009, 6th International Conference on Processing & Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, T. Chandra, M. Ionescu, W. Reimers, and N. Wanderka, eds., pp. 124-29.

Gomez, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 2010, "The Role of New Ferrite on Retained Austenite Stabilization in Al-TRIP Steels," ISIJ International, vol.50, no.1, pp. 139-46.

Allazadeh, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Deardo, A.J., and Lovell, M.R., 2009, "Analysis of Stress Concentration around Inclusions due to Thermally Induced Strain to the Steel Matrix," Journal of ASTM International, vol.6, no.5, pp. 1-12.

Deardo, A.J., Hua, M., CHOLKA, K.A., and Garcia, C.I., 2009, "On the Strength of Microalloyed Steels: an Interpretive Review," Materials Science and Technology, vol.25, no.9, pp. 1074-82.

Garcia, C.I., Al-Hajeri, K., and Hua, M., 2009, "Particle Stimulated Nucleation of Ferrite in Microalloyed Steel," Materials Science and Technology (MS&T09), Steel Processing, Product and Applications Symposium, Tribute to Professor Edmonds II, pp. 1591-1602, Pittsburgh, PA.

Gomez, M., Garcia, C.I., Haezebrouck, D.M., and Deardo, A.J., 2009, "Design of Composition of High Strength TRIP Steels Containing Al or Si," ISIJ International, vol.49, no.2, pp. 302-11.

Han, S., Seong, H., Ahn, Y., Garcia, C.I., Deardo, A.J., and Kim, I., 2009, "Effect of alloying elements and coiling temperature on the recrystallization behavior and the bainitic transformation in TRIP steels," Metals and Materials International, vol.15, no.4, pp. 521-29.

Suikkanen, P., Karjalainen, P., and Deardo, A.J., 2009, "Effect of carbon content on the phase transformation characteristics, microstructure and properties of 500 MPa grade microalloyed steels with non-polygonal ferrite microstructures," La metallurgia italiana, pp. 41-54.

Allazadeh, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Alderson, K.J., and Deardo, A.J., 2008, "Journal of ASTM International," Advanced Materials & Processes, vol.166, no.12, pp. 26-27.

Cho, K., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Lee, J., Ahn, Y.S., and Deardo, A.J., 2008, "A New Method to Study the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Decomposition of Austenite in Advanced High Strength Sheet Steels," International Conference on New Developments in Advanced High-Strength Sheet Steels, AIST, 2008 Omnipress, pp. 81-92, Orlando, FL.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., and Hua, M., 2008, "New Method of Characterizing and Quantifying Complex Microstructures in Steels," 2nd International Conference on Thermo-Mechanical Simulation & Processing of Steels (SimPro'08), pp. 33-43, Ranchi, India.

Kang, H., Garcia, C.I., Chin, K., and Deardo, A.J., 2007, "Effect of Aluminum Content on the Mechanical Properties of Dual Stabilized Ti-Nb Interstitial Free High Strength Steel (IF-HSS)," ISIJ International, vol.47, no.3, pp. 486-92.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., 2007, "On achieving a better understanding of the polygonal ferrite microstructure in if steel using image quality analysis," Materials and Manufacturing Processes, vol.22, no.2, pp. 281-85.

Al Hajeri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., 2006, "Particle-stimulated Nucleation of Ferrite in Heavy Steel Sections," ISIJ International, vol.46, no.8, pp. 1233-40.

Al Hajieri, K.F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., 2006, "The Role of Non-metallic Inclusions in Stimulating the Intragranular Ferrite (IGF) Nucleation in Heavy Steel Sections," Materials Science and Technology (MS&T) 2006: PROCESSING, pp. 841-53.

Wang, R., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Cho, K., Zhang, H., and Deardo, A.J., 2006, "Microstructure and Precipitation Behavior of Nb, Ti Complex Microalloyed Steel Produced by Compact Strip Processing," ISIJ International, vol.46, no.9, p. 1345.

Wu, J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Gao, W., Cho, K., and Deardo, A.J., 2006, "A New Method of Characterizing and Quantifying Complex Microstructures in Steels," Steel Product Metallurgy and Applications, pp. 305-16.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., 2005, "Image Quality Analysis: A New Method of Characterizing Microstructure," ISIJ International, vol.45, no.2, pp. 254-62.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., 2005, "Image Quality Analysis: A New Method of Characterizing Microstructures," ISIJ International, vol.45, no.2, p. 254.

Garcia, C.I., Parish, C., Ahn, Y., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., 2004, "Thermomechanical Processing Challenges in the Cold Mill," Ed. Centre de Recherches Metallurgiques, Verlag Stahleisen GmbH, pp. 442-47, Dusseldorf, Germany, Liege, Belgium.

Garcia, C.I., Torkarz, C., Graham, C., and Deardo, A.J., 2004, "The Physical Metallurgy of HSLA Strip Steel Production Using the CSP Process," TMP 2004, Verlag Stahleisen GmbH, pp. 173-79, Dusseldolf, Germany, Liege, Belgium, Ed. Centre de Recherches Metallurgiques.

Tiitto, K.M., Jung, C., Wray, P., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 2004, "Evolution of Texture in Ferritically Hot Rolled Ti and Ti+Nb Alloyed ULC Steels during Cold Rolling and Annealing," ISIJ International, vol.44, no.2, pp. 404-13.

Deardo, A.J., 2003, "New Challenges in the Thermomechanical Processing of HSLA Steels," Materials Science Forum, no.Volume 426-32 Part1, pp. 49-56.

Deardo, A.J., 2003, "Niobium in Modern Steels," International Materials Reviews, vol.48, no.6, pp. 371-402.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., Miller, M.K., and Deardo, A.J., 2003, "Application of Grain Boundary Engineering in Lead-Free 'Green Steel'," ISIJ International, vol.43, no.12, pp. 2023-27.

Yim, S., Wray, P., Tiitto, K.M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 2003, "Effect of Chemical Composition and Thermomechanical Processing on Texture in Hot Bands of Ti and Ti+Nb Containing Ultra-Low Carbon Steels," ISIJ International, vol.43, no.10, pp. 1615-21.

Deardo, A.J., 2002, "Fundamental Metallurgy of Niobium in Steel," International Symposium Niobium 2001, AIME-TMS, pp. 427-500, Orlando, FL.

Deardo, A.J., 2001, "Metallurgical basis for thermomechanical processing of microalloyed steels," Ironmaking and Steelmaking, vol.28, no.2, pp. 138-44.

Nooning, R.G., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., 2001, "Role of Stabilization in Improving the Microstructure and Properties of Hot Band in Type 409 Ferritic Stainless Steels (Paper No. SSW-PO165)," Stainless Steel World, pp. 80-91.

Renavikar, M.P., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 2001, "Role of Crystallographic Texture in Controlling the Springback Behavior of Ultra-Low Carbon (ULC) Steels," ISS, pp. 211-20, Warrendale, PA.

Ruiz-Aparicio, L.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 2001, "Development of {111} Texture in Interstitial-Free Steels," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, no.Volume 32A, pp. 417-23.

Rege, J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 2000, "The Segregation Behavior of Phosphorus in Ti and Ti+Nb Stabilized Interstitial-free Steels," ISIJ International, pp. 191-99.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1998, "New Approaches to the Design of ULC Sheet Steels," Iron and Steel Society, pp. 111-15, Pittsburgh, PA.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1998, "The Grain Boundary Segregation of B, P, C and Nb in ULC Steels," Iron and Steel Society, pp. 877-81, Pittsburgh, PA.

Ruiz-Aparicio, L.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1998, "The Effect of Initial Grain Size on Transformation Textures of ULC-Steels," Iron and Steel Society, pp. 233-40, Indianapolis, IN.

1997, "Identification of Ti-S-C-Containing Multi-phase Precipitates in Ultra-Low Carbon Steels by Analytical Electron Microscopy," ISIJ International, vol.37, no.11, pp. 1129-1132.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1997, "Precipitation Behavior in Ultra-Low Carbon Steels Containing Titanium and Niobium," Metall. Mater. Trans. A, no.Volume 28A, pp. 1768-80.

Paxton, H.W., and Deardo, A.J., 1997, "Steels vs. aluminum, plastic, and the rest," New Steel, pp. 72-79.

1996, "Dual-Stabilized Ferritic Stainless Steels for Demanding Applications such as Automotive Exhaust Systems," Iron and Steel Society, p. 453, Cleveland, OH.

Deardo, A.J., 1996, "Quantitative Metallography: Understanding the Forces That Define the Modern Thermomechanical Processing of Steel," International Metallography Society.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., and Rege, J.S., 1996, "Study of Restoration Process and Texture Evolution in Ferritic Stainless Steels," ISS, p. 871, Hamilton, ON.

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1996, "The Influence of Niobium Supersaturation in Austenite on The Static Recrystallization Behavior of Low Carbon Microalloyed Steels," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, no.Volume 27A, Issue 4, p. 951.

Deardo, A.J., 1995, "Modern Thermomechanical Processing of Microalloyed Steels: A Physical Metallurgy Perspective," ISS-AIME, p. 15, Warrendale, PA.

Deardo, A.J., 1995, "Multi-Phase Microstructures and Their Properties in High Strength Low Carbon Steels," ISIJ International, vol.35, pp. 946-54.

Deardo, A.J., 1995, "New Concepts in the Design and Processing of High Performance Steels," Chinese Society for Metals, Beijing, China.

Deardo, A.J., 1995, "The Role of Niobium in Modern Stainless Steels," International Symposium on Tantalum and Niobium, Brussels, Belgium.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1995, "Precipitation Behavior in Ti-only, Ti+Nb Dual Stabilized and Nb-Only Ultra-Low Carbon Interstitial-Free Steels," The Metallurgical Society of CIM, E.B. Hawbolt, and S. Yue, eds., p. 285, Vancouver, Canada.

1994, "Compositional and Microstructural Changes Which Attend Reheating and Grain Coarsening in Steels Containing Niobium," Metall. Trans. A., no.Volume 25A, p. 277.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1994, "Sub-Reactions in the TiS 76 Ti4C2S2 Transformation," The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, W.C. Johnson, ed., p. 1189, Warrendale, PA.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Laible, R.M., and Eriksson, U., 1993, "A Better Way to Assess Machinability," American Machinist, p. 33.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1993, "Multi-Phase Precipitates in Interstitial-Free Steels," Scripta Met e Mat., vol.28, p. 973.

Kneissel, A.C., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1993, "Characterization of Precipitates in a Microalloyed Linepipe Steel," TMS-AIME, p. 113, Warrendale, PA.

Pouly, P., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1993, "Isothermal Transformation Behavior of Near-Gamma TiAl Alloys," Scripta Met e Mat., vol.29, p. 1529.

Pytel, S.M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1993, "Toughness and Fracture of Ultra-Low Carbon Plate Steels," TMS-AIME, p. 281, Warrendale, PA.

Ruiz, J.L., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1993, "Hot Deformation Behavior of Interstitial-Free Steels," TMS-AIME, p. 419, Warrendale, PA.

Deardo, A.J., 1992, "New Developments in the Alloy Design and the Thermomechanical Processing in Microalloying HSLA Steels," TMS-AIME, p. 21, Warrendale, PA.

Garcia, C.I., Maguda, T.M., Lis, A.K., and Deardo, A.J., 1992, "New Steel For Lighter, Liability-Free Components (Paper MF92-139)," Society of Manufacturing Engineers.

1991, "Interactions Between Recrystallization and Precipitation in Hot-Deformed Microalloyed Steels," Acta Metallurgica, vol.39, p. 529.

1991, "Interrupted and Isothermal Solidification Studies on Low-Alloy Steels," Metallurgical Transactions A, no.Volume 22A, p. 1871.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., and Palmiere, E.J., 1991, "Thermomechanical Processing of Steel," in Metals Handbook, Volume 4, American Society for Metals, p. 237, Metals Park, OH.

Garcia, C.I., Camus, D.E., Loria, E.A., and Deardo, A.J., 1991, "Microstructural Refinement of As-Cast Alloy 718 via Thermomechanical Processing," TMS-AIME, p. 925, Warrendale, PA.

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., and Deardo, A.J., 1991, "A New High Strength Microalloyed Multi-Phase Steel: Processing, Microstructure and Properties," Wire Journal International, p. 102.

Kwon, O., and Deardo, A.J., 1990, "On the Recovery and Recrystallization Which Attend Static Softening of Hot-Deformed Copper and Aluminum," Acta Metallurgica, vol.38, p. 41.

Lalli, L.A., and Deardo, A.J., 1990, "Experimental Assessment of Structure and Property Predictions During Hot Working," Metallurgical Transactions A, no.Volume 21A, p. 3101.

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1990, "Factors Controlling the Recrystallization-Stop Temperature in Hot Deformed Microalloyed Steels," 29th Conference of Metallurgists, Pergamon Press, p. 137, Hamilton, ON.

Garcia, C.I., Lis, A.K., and Deardo, A.J., 1989, "Ultra-Low Carbon Bainitic Plate Steels: Processing, Microstructure and Properties," ISS, p. 505, Warrendale, PA.

Blicharski, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Pytel, S., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Structure and Properties of ULCB Plate Steels for Heavy Section Applications," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, ed., p. 317, Warrendale, PA.

Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Accelerated Cooling: A Physical Metallurgy Perspective," Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, vol.27, no.2, p. 141.

Deardo, A.J., 1988, "An Overview of Microalloyed Steels," ISS, p. 67, Warrendale, PA.

Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Fundamental Aspects of the Physical Metallurgy of Thermomechanical Processing of Steel," ISI, p. 20, Japan.

Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Influence of Niobium and Tantalum in Stainless Steels," Tantalum Information Center, p. 435, Brussels, Belgium.

Fu, J.Y., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "On The Hot Ductility of Microalloyed Steels," ISS, p. 43, Warrendale, PA.

Fu, J.Y., Garcia, C.I., Pytel, S., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Hot Ductility of Continuously Cast Microalloyed Steels," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, ed., p. 27, Warrendale, PA.

Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Structure and Properties of ULCB Plate Steels for Heavy Section Applications," ASM International, p. 291.

Garcia, C.I., Palmiere, E.J., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Optimizing Strength and Toughness in Low-Carbon Microalloyed Bar Steels," ISS, p. 59, Warrendale, PA.

Kwon, O., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Static Restoration of Hot Deformed Steel and Copper", International Conference on Physical Metallurgy of Thermomechanical Processing of Steels and Other Metals," ISI, p. 192, Japan.

Kwon, O., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Suppression of Static Recrystallization by Nb(CN) Precipitation in HSLA Steels," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, ed., p. 63, Warrendale, PA.

Leber, H.J., Garcia, C.I., Palmiere, E.J., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "On the Strength Properties of Niobium-Bearing Low Carbon Bainitic Forging Steels," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, ed., p. 425, Warrendale, PA.

Palmiere, E.J., Burke, M.G., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1988, "Precipitation During the Ion Nitriding of a Low Carbon Microalloyed Forging Steel," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, ed., p. 439, Warrendale, PA.

Burke, M.G., Palmiere, E.J., and Deardo, A.J., 1987, "Precipitation in ULCB Steel During Ion Nitriding: An APFIM/TEM Investigation," Institute of Metals, p. 733, United Kingdom.

Garcia, C.I., Palmiere, E.J., and Deardo, A.J., 1987, "An Alternative Approach to the Alloy Design and Thermomechanical Processing of Low-Carbon Microalloyed Bar Products," ISS, p. 79, Warrendale, PA.

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1987, "Optimizing Bulk and Surface Properties of Microalloyed Forging Steels Utilizing Innovative Alloy Design and Thermomechanical Processing Principles," TMS-AIME, p. 567, Warrendale, PA.

Sample, V.M., Fitzsimons, G.L., and Deardo, A.J., 1987, "Dynamic Softening of Copper During Deformation at High Temperatures and Strain Rates," Acta Metallurgica, vol.35, p. 367.

Zhang, H., Pottore, N.S., Garcia, C.I., Burke, M.G., and Deardo, A.J., 1987, "The Role of Niobium in the Continuous Casting Solidification Structures of Microalloyed Steels," ISS, Proceedings of the Fifth International Iron and Steel Congress, p. 201, Washington, DC.

Blicharski, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Ratz, G.M., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "Molybdenum-Containing Ultra Low-Carbon Bainitic Steels for Heavy Plate Applications," ASME, E.G. Nisbett, ed., p. 11, New York, NY.

Butler, J.F., Hu, H., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "A Note on the Computer Plotting of X-ray Pole Figures," Materials Science and Engineering, vol.83, L21.

Deardo, A.J., 1986, "The Influence of Thermomechanical Processing and Accelerated Cooling on Ferrite Grain Refinement in Microalloyed Steels," TMS-AIME, p. 97, Warrendale, PA.

Fix, R.M., Zheng, Y.Z., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "Mechanical Properties of V-Ti Microalloyed Steels Subject to Plate Rolling Simulations Utilizing Recrystallization Controlled Rolling," ASM International, p. 219, Metals Park, OH.

Garcia, C.I., Pytel, S., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "The Effect of Non-Metallic Inclusions on the Hot Ductility of Continuously Cast Low-Alloy Steel," EMAS, p. 1811.

Garcia, C.I., Ratz, G.A., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "Mechanism of Nozzle Blockage During Continuous Casting," ISS, p. 45, Warrendale, PA.

Garcia, C.I., Ratz, G.A., Burke, M.G., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "Reducing Susceptibility to Temper Embrittlement in 2.25%Cr-1% Mo Steels by Lanthanide Additions," ASME, E.G. Nisbett, ed., p. 1, New York, NY.

Gray, J.M., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "Austenite Conditioning Alternatives for Microalloyed Steel Products," ASM International, p. 83, Metals Park, OH.

Jones, B., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "Microalloyed Steels for Forging Applications: A Worldwide Assessment," ASM International, p. 875, Metals Park, OH.

Kwon, O., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "Niobium Carbonitride Precipitation and Static Softening in Hot-Deformed Niobium Microalloyed Steels," ASM International, p. 287, Metals Park, OH.

Zhang, H., Pottore, N.S., Garcia, C.I., Burke, M.G., and Deardo, A.J., 1986, "The Effect of Niobium on the Continuous Casting Solidification Structures of HSLA Steels," ASM International, p. 445, Metals Park, OH.

Garcia, C.I., Ratz, G.A., Burke, M.G., and Deardo, A.J., 1985, "Reducing Susceptibility to Temper Embrittlement in 2.25% Cr-1% Mo Steel by Lanthanide (Rare Earth) Metal Additions," Journal of Metals, vol.37, p. 22.

Croft, N.H., Gray, J.M., and Deardo, A.J., 1984, "Submerged Arc Weld Metal Toughness in Microalloyed Linepipe Steels-The Effects of Post-Weld Heat Treatment," ASM, p. 897, Metals Park, Ohio.

Deardo, A.J., 1984, "Inclusion Control in Steel," in Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering, M.B. Bever, ed., Pergamon Press, p. 2275, Oxford.

Fitzsimons, G., Kuhn, H.A., Deardo, A.J., and Sample, V., 1984, "High-Speed Compression Testing at Constant True Strain Rates for Hot Working Studies," Journal of Testing and Evaluation, vol.12, p. 27.

Fitzsimons, G., Tiito, K., Fix, R., and Deardo, A.J., 1984, "Precipitation of Nb (CN) During High Strain Rate Compression Testing of a 0.07 pct. Nb-Bearing Austenite," Metallurgical Transactions, no.Volume 15A, p. 241.

Speich, G.R., Cuddy, L.J., Gordon, C.R., and Deardo, A.J., 1984, "Formation of Ferrite From Control-Rolled Austenite," TMS-AIME, p. 341, Warrendale, PA.

Tiitto, K., Estrada, L., and Deardo, A.J., 1984, "The Isothermal Decomposition of Recrystallized Austenite in Steels Microalloyed with Niobium and Vanadium," TMS-AIME, p. 281, Warrendale, PA.

Fitzsimons, G., Mielityinen-Tiito, K., and Deardo, A.J., 1983, "The Effect of Dynamic Precipitation and Recrystallization on the Hot Flow Behavior of a Nb-V Microalloyed Steel," Acta Metallurgica, vol.31, p. 1159.

Weiss, I., Alvarado, P.J., Fitzsimons, G., and Deardo, A.J., 1983, "Grain Refinement and Coarsening During Dynamic Recrystallization in Plain Carbon Steel Austenite," Scripta Metallurgica, vol.17, p. 693.

Brown, E.L., Cuddy, L.J., and Deardo, A.J., 1982, "Aluminum Nitride Precipitation in Microalloyed Steels," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, G.A. Ratz, and P.J. Wray, eds., p. 319, Warrendale, PA.

Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1982, "Formation of Austenite in Low Alloy Steels," TMS-AIME, H.I. Aaronson, ed., p. 855, Warrendale, PA.

Santella, M.L., and Deardo, A.J., 1982, "The Hot Rolling Behavior of Austenite in Nb-Bearing Steels: The Influence of Reheated Microstructure," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, G.A. Ratz, and P.J. Wray, eds., p. 83, Warrendale, PA.

Weiss, I., Fitzsimons, G., Mielityinen-Tiito, K., and Deardo, A.J., 1982, "The Influence of Niobium, Vanadium and Nitrogen on the Response of Austenite to Reheating and Hot Deformation in Microalloyed Steels," TMS-AIME, A.J. Deardo, G.A. Ratz, and P.J. Wray, eds., p. 33, Warrendale, PA.

Brown, E.L., and Deardo, A.J., 1981, "On the Origin of Equiaxed Austenite Grains That Result from the Hot Rolling of Steel," Metallurgical Transactions, no.Volume 12A, p. 39.

Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1981, "The Formation of Austenite in 1.5% Mn Steels," Metallurgical Transactions, no.Volume 12A, p. 521.

Brown, E.L., and Deardo, A.J., 1980, "The Behavior of FCC Metals and Alloys During Hot Rolling," Fifth International Conference on the Strength of Metals and Alloys, P. Haasen, ed., Pergamon Press, p. 613, Elmsford, NY.

Davies, G.J., and Sellars, C.M., 1980, "The Influence of Hot Rolling on the Microstructure of Austenite," The Metals Society, p. 21, London, UK.

Deardo, A.J., Ratz, G.A., and Wilson, W.G., 1980, "A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Rare Earth Silicide Alloys and Mischmetal Additions in Steel," Iron and Steelmaker, vol.7, no.7, p. 17.

Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 1980, "The Formation of Austenite in Low-Alloy Steels," TMS-AIME, R.A. Kot, and J.W. Morris, eds., p. 40, Warrendale, PA.

Deardo, A.J., 1979, "Hot Deformation of Microalloyed Steels," CBMM and Instituto Mexicano Del Hierro Y Del Acero, Mexico City, Mexico.

Deardo, A.J., 1978, "Thermal Processing - Heating, Rolling, Cooling," ISS, p. 52, New York, NY.

Brown, E.L., and Deardo, A.J., 1977, "The Hot Rolling Behavior of Austenite Microalloyed with Vanadium and Nitrogen," Journal of Metals, vol.29, p. 26.

Deardo, A.J., 1977, "An Investigation of the Mechanism of Splitting Which Occurs in Tensile Specimens of High Strength Low Alloy Steels," Metallurgical Transactions, no.Volume 8A, p. 473.

Deardo, A.J., and Hamburg, E.G., 1975, "Influence of Elongated Inclusions on the Mechanical Properties of High Strength Steel Plate," ASM, E. Snape, and J.J. deBarbadillo, eds., p. 309, Metals Park, OH.

Brown, E.L., Deardo, A.J., and Bucher, J.H., 1974, "The Microstructure of Hot Rolled High Strength Low Alloy Steel Austenite," TMS-AIME, J. Ballance, ed., pp. 250-85, New York, NY.

Deardo, A.J., 1974, "Improved Notch Toughness and Through Thickness Ductility of Plate," TMS-AIME, A. Marcantonio, ed., p. 119, New York, NY.

Deardo, A.J., and Simensen, J.C., 1973, "A Structural Investigation of Multiple Aging of Al-7 wt% Zn-2.3 wt% Mg," Metallurgical Transactions, vol.4, p. 2413.

Deardo, A.J., and Townsend, R.D., 1970, "Effect of Microstructure on the Stress-Corrosion Susceptibility of a High Purity Al-Zn-Mg Alloy in a NaCl Solution," Metallurgical Transactions, vol.1, p. 2573.

"Stored Energy Evolution During The Batch Annealing Process Of Two Cold Rolled (Ti-Bearing And Nb-Bearing) HSLA Steels," XIX International Materials Research Congress 2010 - Advanced Structural Materials - Materials Research Society, Cancún, Mexico.

Chen, T., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Development of High Strength, Low-Carbon, Nb-Bearing Dual-Phase Steels For Production on Continuous Galvanizing Lines," Materials Science & Technology 2005, International Conference: Developments in Sheet Products for Automotive Applications, pp. 163-71, Pittsburgh, PA.

Chen, T.R., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Effect of Chemical Composition and Coiling Temperature on the Segregation Behavior of Phosphorus in High Strength IF Steels," International Forum for the Properties and Application of IF Steels, pp. 280-81, ISIJ, Tokyo, Japan.

Cho, K., Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Redkin, K., "Metallurgy and continuous galvanizing line processing of high -strength dual-phase steels microalloyed with niobium and vanadium," 8th Int. Conf. GALVATECH 2011, Genova, Italy.

da Silva Borchardt, F., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., "Microstructural and Processing Factors Affecting the Formation of Pro-eutectoid Cementite in SAE 1092 Steel Wire," MS&T'08, International Symposium on Materials Engineering for Structural Applications, pp. 1302-11, Pittsburgh, PA.

Deardo, A.J., "Advanced Alloy Design and TMCP of High Strength steels," 17th ROLLING CONFERENCE : KEYNOTE LECTURE - International Conference on New Developments on Metallurgy and Applications of High Strength Steels, pp. 1041-52, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Deardo, A.J., "Advanced Thermomechanical Processing of High Strength Plate Steels," Third International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing of Steels, Organized by Plastic Deformation and Steelmaking Study Group, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, Padua, Italy.

Deardo, A.J., "Metallurgical Basis for the Thermomechanical Processing of Microalloyed Steels," International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing of Steels, pp. 309-22, London, UK.

Deardo, A.J., "Microalloyed Strip Steels for the 21st Century," Microalloying in Steels: New Trends for the 21st Century, I. Gutiérrez, B. López, and J.M. Rodriguez-Ibabe, eds., pp. 15-26, San Sebastian, Spain.

Deardo, A.J., "Physical Metallurgy for the Thermomechanical Processing of Microalloyed Steels," Thermec 2000, International Conference on Processing & Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, Las Vegas, NV.

Deardo, A.J., "Physical Metallurgy of Interstitial-Free Steels: Precipitates and Solutes," ISS, Warrendale, PA, pp. 125-36, Pittsburgh, PA.

Deardo, A.J., "Recrystallization During the Continuous Annealing of Cold Rolled IF Steel," The Fourth International Conference on Recrystallization and Related Phenomena, T. Sakai, and H.G. Suzuki, eds., pp. 385-92, Tsukuba, Japan, The Japan Institute of Metals.

Deardo, A.J., "The Continuous Annealing Behavior of Cold Rolled IF Steel," COLROL 2000, Tata Steel, Indian Institute of Metals, and Texture Society of India, pp. 39-47.

Deardo, A.J., "The Metallurgy of High Strength Linepipe Steels," Symposium on the Pipelines for the 21st Century, pp. 85-100, Calgary, Canada.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., and Hua, M., "Multi-Phase, Microalloyed Bar Steels for Premium Forging Performance (Paper No. 56)," AIM International Conference Hot Forming of Steels & Product Properties - Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, Grado, Italy.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M., Choi, J.K., and Cho, J.Y., "New Method of Characterizing and Quantifying Complex Microstructures in Steels," Materials Science and Technology (MS&T'09) - Symposium on Electron Backscattered Diffraction Analysis of Steels, pp. 944-55, Pittsburgh, PA.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Gao, W., and Hua, M., "Thermomechanical Processing of Microalloyed Steels: Expanded View on Grain Refinement," 14th International Conference on Rolling of Steels, pp. 1-10, Instituto Argentino de Siderurgia, San Nicolas Laboratories, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Gao, W., and Hua, M., "Thermomechanical Processing of Microalloyed Steels: From the Hot Mills Through the Cold Mill," Asia Steel International Conference, A.S. Dhillon, and T. Mukherjee, eds., 3.a.1.1-11, Indian Institute of Metals, Jamshedpur, India.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Graham, C., Ruiz-Aparicio, L., Tokarz, C., and Vazquez, M., "Niobium HSLA Steels Produced Using the Thin Slab Casting Process: Hot Strip Mill Products, Properties and Applications," TSCR' 2002, Chinese Society for Metals, pp. 194-210, Guangzhou, China.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., Kang, H., and Chin, K., "Effect of Aluminum Content on the Mechanical Properties of Dual Stabilized Ti-Nb Interstitial Free High Strength Steel (IF-HSS)," Materials Science & Technology 2007 Conference and Exhibition (MS&T '07), pp. 85-98, COBO Center, Detroit, Michigan.

Deardo, A.J., Hua, M., and Garcia, C.I., "Crystallographic Aspects of the TiS-H Transformation and the Stabilization of Carbon in ULC Steels'," Basic Metals Processing Research Institute.

Deardo, A.J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Garcia-Gonzalez, J.E., "Metallurgy of High-Strength Low Si TRIP Steels Containing Al and Nb (Paper A24)," International Steel Technologies Symposium, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Fang, C., Garcia, C.I., Choi, S., and Deardo, A.J., "Assessment of theStored Energy Evolution during Batch Annealing Process of Cold Rolled HSLASteels (Paper No. 41)," 4th International Conference on Recrystallization and Grain Growth, University of Sheffield, UK.

Fang, C., Garcia, C.I., Choi, S., and Deardo, A.J., "The Evolution of the Stored Energy during the Batch Annealing Process of Two Cold Rolled (Ti-bearing and Nb-bearing) HSLA Steels," Materials Science and Technology, MS&T2010, pp. 1830-39, Houston, TX.

Garcia, C.I., Facco, G., Deardo, A.J., Bruna, R.G., Alzari, S., and Actis, F., "The Effect of Thermomechanical Processing on the Transformation Behavior of a Nb-bearing HSLA Steel," 2nd International Conference Super-High Strength Steels, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, pp. 130-141, Peschiera del Garda, Italy.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Deardo, A.J., Suikkenan, P., and Karjalainen, P., "The Alloy Design and Thermomechanically Controlled Processing (TMCP) of Plate for High Pressure, Large Diameter Pipelines," 2nd International Conference Super-High Strength Steels, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, pp. 3-8, Peschiera del Garda, Italy.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Glodowski, R., and Deardo, A.J., "Processing HSLA Steels Containing V-N on Hot Strip Mills," Third International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing of Steels (Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia), Padua, Italy.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., Suikkenan, P., Karjalainen, P., and Deardo, A.J., "The Alloy Design, Rolling and Cooling of Modern Linepipe Steels: from X60 to X120," The 10th International Conference on Steel Rolling, Beijing, China.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., and Deardo, A.J., "Metallurgical Slivers in T304 Austenitic Stainless Steels," 6th European Stainless Steel Conference, pp. 177-88, Helsinki, Finland.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., Gao, W., Glodowski, R.J., and Deardo, A.J., "The Transformation and Strengthening Behavior of V-N Steels during Hot Strip Mill Simulation," Materials Science and Technology (MS&T) 2006: Product Manufacturing, Materials, pp. 335-46.

Garcia, C.I., Hua, M.J., Miller, M.K., and Deardo, A.J., "Grain Boundary Engineering and Lead-Free "Green Steel" (Paper No. A31)," Grain Boundary Engineering and Lead-Free "Green Steel", Taiwan 2008 International Steel Technologies Symposium, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Garcia, C.I., Parish, C., Ahn, Y., Han, S., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., "Challenges in Producing Coated Advanced High Strength Multiphase Steels on Continuous Galvanizing Lines," International Conference on Thermomechanical Simulation & Processing of Steels (SIMPRO '04), Ranchi, India.

Garcia, C.I., Parish, C., Ahn, Y., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., "Metallurgy of Producing high strength coated steels on the Continuous Galvanizing Line," 'Materials Science & Technology 2004 Congress' (MS&T '04), TMS and AIST, pp. 254-55, New Orleans, LA.

Garcia, C.I., Ruiz-Aparicio, A., Cho, K., Ma, Y.P., Graham, C., Vazquez, M., Ruiz-Aparicio, L., and Deardo, A.J., "Microstructural Characterization of the Solidification and Equilibrated Microstructures of Nb-Bearing Microalloyed Steels Produced by the Compact Strip Processing," International Symposium on Thin Slab Casting and Rolling (TSCR' 2002), pp. 386-96, Guangzhou, China.

Garcia, J.E., Wu, J., Wray, P., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Causes of Variation in Yield Strength in HSLA Strip Steels," 44th Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Conference, ISS, pp. 965-76, Warrendale, PA, Renaissance Orlando Resort, Orlando, Florida.

Garcia-Gonzalez, J.E., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., "Fundamental Study of the Austenite Formation and Decomposition in High Strength Low-Si, Al added Nb-Mo TRIP Steels," Developments in Sheet Products for Automotive Applications; Materials Science & Technology 2005, International Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.

Gomez, M., Garcia, C.I., Haezebrouck, D.M., and Deardo, A.J., "Microstructural Evolution During Continuous Galvanizing and Final Mechanical Properties of High Al-Low Si TRIP Steels," Materials Science & Technology 2007 Conference and Exhibition (MS&T '07), Processing and Properties of TRIP Steels, pp. 1-14, COBO Center, Detroit, Michigan.

Han, S., Garcia, C.I., Deardo, A.J., and Chin, K., "The Recrystallization Behavior and the Kinetics of Bainite Formation in TRIP Steel During Isothermal Holding," Organized by James R. Fekete and Roger Pradhan, Materials Science & Technology 2005, pp. 37-46.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Application of APFIM in Grain Boundary Engineering and Development of 'Green Steel'," IFES 2000, International Field Emission Society, Pittsburgh, PA.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Deardo, A.J., Miller, M.K., and Glodowski, R., "Origins of Strength in V-N Bearing Strip Steels (Paper No. 1)," Third International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing of Steels, Organized by Plastic Deformation and Steelmaking Study Group, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia - Session "Microstructure Control in Phase Transformation and Precipitation,", Padua, Italy.

Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Miller, M.K., Glodowski, R.J., and Deardo, A.J., "The Strengthening Behavior in V-N Steels," Materials Science and Technology (MS&T) 2007, Product Metallurgy I, pp. 461-70, Detroit, MI.

Kisko, A., Suikkanen, P.P., Garcia, C.I., Cho, K., Hua, M., Karjalainen, L.P., and Deardo, A.J., "Simulation of Annealing of Type 430 Ferritic Stainless Steel (Paper No. 40)," 4th International Conference on Recrystallization and Grain Growth, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Mutschler, R.A., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Effect of Solutes on Recrystallization and Transformation of Austenite in IF Steels," ISS, pp. 101-10, Warrendale, PA, Pittsburgh, PA.

Ordonez, R., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Effect of Thermomechanical Processing and Cooling Rate Conditions on the Austenite Decomposition Behavior in Hypereutectoid Steels," Materials Science and Technology, MS&T2010, pp. 1327-35, Houston, TX.

Ordonez, R., Garcia, C.I., Kalay, S., and Deardo, A.J., "Development of High Performance Steels for Rail Applications," Joint Rail Conference 2010 JRC2010, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois.

Ordonez, R., Garcia, C.I., Kalay, S., and Deardo, A.J., "Development of New Pearlitic Steels for High Performance Rail Applications (Invited Plenary Paper No. 3)," 2nd International Conference Super-High Strength Steels, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, pp. 1-15, Peschiera del Garda, Italy.

Ordonez, R., Garcia, C.I., Kalay, S., and Deardo, A.J., "New Rail Steels for the 21st Century," Materials Science and Technology, MS&T2009, Pittsburgh, PA.

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Influence of Processing Conditions and Alloy Chemistry on the Static Recrystallization of Microalloyed Austenite," Microalloying in Steels: New Trends for the 21st Century, I. Gutiérrez, B. López, and J.M. Rodriguez-Ibabe, eds., pp. 151-58, San Sebastian, Spain.

Palmiere, E.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Suppression of Static Recrystallization in Microalloyed Steels by Strain-Induced Precipitation," TMS-AIME, p. 121, Warrendale, PA.

Redkin, K.V., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Microstructural Analysis of Thermite Welds," RTDF2010-42001, pp. 1-8, Roanoke, VA.

Rege, J., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "The Role of Phosphorus in Interstitial-Free Steels," ISS, pp. 327-38, Pittsburgh, PA.

Rege, J.S., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "The Segregation Behavior of Phosphorus in High Strength Interstitial-Free Steels," 38th Metal Working and Steel Processing Conference, p. 555, Cleveland, OH.

Renavikar, M., Wray, P., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Small Strain Deformation Behavior of Interstitial-Free Steels," The International Forum for the Properties and Application of IF Steels, pp. 276-79, ISIJ, Tokyo, Japan.

Ruiz-Aparicio, L.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., "Thermomechanical Processing and Development of {111} Transformation Texture in Interstitial-Free Steels," HSLA '2000, The 4th International Conference on High Strength Low Alloy Steels (Chinese Society for Metals), pp. 50-61, Xi'an, China.

Suikkanen, P., Deardo, A.J., Karjalainen, P., and Porter, D., "Influence of C and Nb on Microstructures and Properties of As-Rolled and Heat-Treated ULCB Steels," MS&T2011, Columbus, OH.

Thillou, V., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Perdrix, C., and Deardo, A.J., "Precipitation of NbC and Effect of Mn on the Strength Properties of Hot Strip HSLA Low Carbon Steels," "Microalloying in Steels: New Trends for the 21st Century,", I. Gutiérrez, B. López, and J.M. Rodriguez-Ibabe, eds., pp. 311-18, San Sebastian, Spain.

Thillou, V., Hua, M., Garcia, C.I., Perdrix, C., and Deardo, A.J., "The Strength Properties of Hot Strip HSLA Low Carbon Steel," Iron & Steel Society, pp. 471-80, Baltimore, MD.

Wu, J., Wray, P.J., Garcia, C.I., Hua, M., and Deardo, A.J., "An Advanced Understanding of the Polygonal Ferrite Microstructures of IF Steel Using Image Quality Analysis," Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials XIV With Frontiers in Materials Science 2005: Innovative Materials & Manufacturing Techniques, pp. 283-306, Pittsburgh, PA.

Zheng, Y., Fitzsimons, G., and Deardo, A.J., "Achieving Grain Refinement Through Recrystallization Controlled Rolling and Controlled Cooling in V-Ti-N Microalloyed Steels," ASM, p. 82, Metals Park, Ohio.

Deardo, A.J., 2011, "Modern Linepipe Steels," Thermec, Quebec.

Deardo, A.J., 2011, "Modern Microalloyed Steels," HSLA 2011, Beijing, China.

Allazadeh, M.R., Garcia, C.I., Alderson, K.J., and Deardo, A.J., 2008, "Using NDT Image Processing Analysis to Study the Soundness and Cleanliness of Accelerated Cooled Continuously Cast Steel Slabs," MS&T08.

Deardo, A.J., 2006, "Free-Machining Steel without Pb," Baosteel Annual Academic Conference, Shanghai, China.

Deardo, A.J., 2006, "High Value Nb-added HSLA Steels via CSP," International Conference on Thin Slab Casting Processing, Guangzhou, China.

Deardo, A.J., 2004, "Microalloyed, multi-phase Steels: the value-added steel product for the Chinese steel industry in the 21st century," First Annual Academic Conference, Baosteel Company, Shanghai, China.

Ruiz-Aparicio, L.J., Garcia, C.I., and Deardo, A.J., 2000, "Development of Annealing Texture in IF Steels," J. J. Jonas Symposium, The Metallurgical Society of Canadian Institute of Metals; Hamilton, ON.

Deardo, A.J., and Garcia, C.I., "Medium Carbon Steels and Low Alloy Steels with Enhanced Machinability," 6,206,983 B1.

Deardo, A.J., and Garcia, C.I., "Tin-Bearing Free-Machining Steel," 5,961,747.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., and Laible, R.M., "Multiphase Microalloyed Steel and Method Thereof," 5,213,634.

Deardo, A.J., Garcia, C.I., and Ratz, G.A., "Method of Processing Steel," 4,813,580.