Pitt | Swanson Engineering
Woo, Savio L Y
Bioengineering Department

D.Eng. in , Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2008

D.Sc in , California State University, 1998

Ph.D. in Bioengineering, Univ. of Washington, 1971

M.S. in Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Washington, 1966

B.S. in Mechanical Engineering, Chico State College, 1965

Biomechanics

Extracellular matrix

Knee

Ligaments

Motion

Tendons

Tissue engineering

Effects of stress and motion on healing and repair of soft tissues; Theoretical and experimental studies of the nonlinear viscoelastic and mechanical properties of biological tissues; Kinematics of synovial joints, including the knee and shoulder, by developing a novel robotic universal force-moment sensor testing system to assess the roles of various soft tissues; Functional tissue engineering approaches involving the use of extracellular matrix (ECM) bioscaffolds, i.e., ECM-SIS to improve the healing of injured ligaments and tendons; Development of biodegradable metallic materials to assist the healing of ligaments and tendons as well as for implantable devices for orthopaedic applications.

(2012) IEEE Gold Medal for Innovations in Healthcare Technology - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

(2008) Diamond Award "Distinguished Achievement in Academia" - University of Washington College of Engineering.

(2007) Founding President - World Association for Chinese Biomedical Engineers (WACBE).

(2007) Life Fellow - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

(2007) Lifetime Achievement Award - Bay Area Knee Society.

(2007) Mechanical Engineering Department Hall of Fame - University of Washington.

(2006) Life Sciences Award - Carnegie Science Center 2006 Awards for Excellence.

(2005) Achilles Orthopaedic Sports Medicine Research Award - International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine.

(2005) Board of Visitors Faculty Award - University of Pittsburgh, School of Engineering.

(2005) Distinguished Lecturer Award - Biomedical Engineering Society.

(2005) Inaugural Class of Fellows - Biomedical Engineering Society.

(2005) Presidential Guest Speaker - "Godfather" Lecture - Herodicus Society.

(2005) Robert Henry Thurston Lecture Award - American Society of Mechanical Engineering.

(2003) School of Engineering Hall of Fame - University of Pittsburgh.

(2002) Aircast Basic Science Research Award - American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(2002) Centenary Professor - The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland.

(2002) Excellence in Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(2002) Richard O'Connor Award - Arthroscopy Association of North America.

(2000) Distinguished Alumni Award - College of Engineering, Computer Science and Technology, California State University, Chico.

(2000) Hughston Award - Most outstanding paper that appeared in The American Journal of Sports Medicine for the year.

(2000) Resident/Fellow Essay Award - Arthroscopy Association of North America.

(1999) Albert Trillat Young Investigator Award - International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine.

(1999) Cabaud Memorial Award - American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1999) Chancellor's Distinguished Research Award - University of Pittsburgh.

(1999) The Hallvard 1999 Annual Award - Ola Grimsby Institute.

(1998) Chairman - The World Council for Biomechanics (WCB).

(1998) Honored Guest - 62nd Dapper Dan Charities Dinner, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

(1998) IOC Prize for Sports Science - The International Olympic Committee.

(1998) Olympic Gold Medal - Nagano Winter Olympic Games.

(1997) The O'Donoghue Sports Injury Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1996) Inaugural Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin (GOTS)-Beiersdorf AG Research Award - First Prize Winner.

(1995) Muybridge Medal - International Society of Biomechanics.

(1994) Chairman - U.S. National Committee on Biomechanics (USNCB).

(1993) Excellence in Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1993) Giovanni Borelli Award - The American Society of Biomechanics.

(1992) Founding Chairman - College of Fellows, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.

(1992) World Renowned Foreign Scholars Lectureship Award - National Science Council, Dept. of State, Republic of China (Taiwan).

(1992) World Renowned Foreign Scholars Lectureship Award, National Science Council, Dept. of State, Republic of China.

(1991) H.R. Lissner Medal - American Society for Mechanical Engineers.

(1990) Excellence in Clinical Science Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1990) Founding Fellow - American Institute for Medical & Biological Engineering.

(1990) President - International Society for Fracture Repair.

(1990) The O'Donoghue Sports Injury Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1989) Phi Beta Delta, Honor Society for International Scholars.

(1989) Sumner-Koch Award - Chicago Society for Surgery of the Hand: For paper to have the greatest clinical significance.

(1988) Citation Award - American College of Sports Medicine.

(1987) Government Fellowship Award - Japan Ministry of Education.

(1986) Chairman - Bioengineering Division, American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

(1986) Excellence in Sports Science Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1986) Honorary Editor - Chinese Biomechanics Magazine.

(1985) President - The American Society of Biomechanics.

(1985) President - The Orthopaedic Research Society.

(1983) Elizabeth Winston Lanier Kappa Delta Award for Outstanding Orthopaedic Research - Orthopaedic Research Society/American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

(1983) Excellence in Basic Science Research Award - The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.

(1983) Visiting Lecturer Award - Alberta Heritage Medical Research Foundation.

(1981) Fellowship Award - Japan Society for Promotion of Science.

(1979) Orthopaedic Science and Bioengineering Group - 1st U.S. Delegation to People's Republic of China.

(1977) Research Career Development Award - NIH/USPHS.

(1967) Sigma Xi.

(1962) American Society of Testing and Materials (Student Membership Award).

(1962) Blue Key National Honor Society.

(1962) Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society.

(1961) Outstanding Undergraduate Engineer.

Nguyen, T.D., Geel, J., Schulze, M., Raschke, M., Woo, S.L., van Dijk, N., and Blankevoort, L., 2013, "Healing of the Goat Anterior Cruciate Ligament after a New Suture Repair Technique and Bioscaffold Treatment.," To appear in Tissue engineering. Part A.

Torry, M.R., Shelburne, K.B., Myers, C., Giphart, J.E., Pennington, W.W., Krong, J.P., Peterson, D.S., Steadman, J.R., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2013, "High Knee Valgus in Female Subjects Does Not Yield Higher Knee Translations During Drop Landings: A Biplane Fluoroscopic Study.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.31, no.2, pp. 257-267.

Fisher, M.B., Liang, R., Jung, H.J., Kim, K.E., Zamarra, G., Almarza, A.J., McMahon, P.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2012, "Potential of Healing a Transected Anterior Cruciate Ligament with Genetically Modified Extracellular Matrix Bioscaffolds in a Goat Model.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.20, no.7, pp. 1357-1365.

Myers, C.A., Torry, M.R., Shelburne, K.B., Giphart, J.E., LaPrade, R.F., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Steadman, J.R., 2012, "In Vivo Tibiofemoral Kinematics During 4 Functional Tasks of Increasing Demand Using Biplane Fluoroscopy.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.40, no.1, pp. 170-178.

Prantil, R.K., Xiu, K., Kim, K.E., Gaitan, D.M., Sacks, M.S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Li, Z.M., 2012, "Fiber Orientation of the Transverse Carpal Ligament.," Clinical Anatomy, vol.25, no.4, pp. 478-482.

Fisher, M.B., Jung, H.J., McMahon, P.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "Suture Augmentation Following ACL Injury to Restore the Function of the ACL, MCL, and Medial Meniscus in the Goat Stifle Joint.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.44, no.8, pp. 1530-1535.

Jung, H.J., Vangipuram, G., Fisher, M.B., Yang, G., Hsu, S., Bianchi, J., Ronholdt, C., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "The Effects of Multiple Freeze-Thaw Cycles on the Biomechanical Properties of the Human Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Allograft.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.29, no.8, pp. 1193-1198.

Liang, R., Fisher, M., Yang, G., Hall, C., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "Alpha1,3-Galactosyltransferase Knockout Does Not Alter the Properties of Porcine Extracellular Matrix Bioscaffolds.," Acta Biomaterialia, vol.7, no.4, pp. 1719-1727.

Myers, C.A., Torry, M.R., Peterson, D.S., Shelburne, K.B., Giphart, J.E., Krong, J.P., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Steadman, J.R., 2011, "Measurements of Tibiofemoral Kinematics During Soft and Stiff Drop Landings Using Biplane Fluoroscopy.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.39, no.8, pp. 1714-1722.

Torry, M.R., Myers, C., Pennington, W.W., Shelburne, K.B., Krong, J.P., Giphart, J.E., Steadman, J.R., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "Relationship of Anterior Knee Laxity to Knee Translations During Drop Landings: A Bi-Plane Fluoroscopy Study.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.19, no.4, pp. 653-662.

Torry, M.R., Myers, C., Shelburne, K.B., Peterson, D., Giphart, J.E., Pennington, W.W., Krong, J.P., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Steadman, J.R., 2011, "Relationship of Knee Shear Force and Extensor Moment on Knee Translations in Females Performing Drop Landings: A Biplane Fluoroscopy Study.," Clinical Biomechanics, vol.26, no.10, pp. 1019-1024.

Torry, M.R., Shelburne, K.B., Peterson, D.S., Giphart, J.E., Krong, J.P., Myers, C., Steadman, J.R., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "Knee Kinematic Profiles During Drop Landings: A Biplane Fluoroscopy Study.," Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol.43, no.3, pp. 533-541.

Fisher, M.B., Jung, H.J., McMahon, P.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2010, "Evaluation of Bone Tunnel Placement for Suture Augmentation of an Injured Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Effects on Joint Stability in a Goat Model.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.28, no.10, pp. 1373-1379.

Zamarra, G., Fisher, M.B., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Cerulli, G., 2010, "Biomechanical Evaluation of Using One Hamstrings Tendon for ACL Reconstruction: A Human Cadaveric Study.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.18, no.1, pp. 11-19.

Darcy, S.P., Gil, J.E., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Debski, R.E., 2009, "The Importance of Position and Path Repeatability on Force at the Knee During Six-DOF Joint Motion.," Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.31, no.5, pp. 553-557.

Nguyen, T.D., Liang, R., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Burton, S.D., Wu, C., Almarza, A., Sacks, M.S., and Abramowitch, S., 2009, "Effects of Cell Seeding and Cyclic Stretch on the Fiber Remodeling in an Extracellular Matrix-Derived Bioscaffold.," Tissue Engineering. Part A, vol.15, no.4, pp. 957-963.

Wu, C., Noorani, S., Vercillo, F., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2009, "Tension Patterns of the Anteromedial and Posterolateral Grafts in a Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.27, no.7, pp. 879-884.

Abramowitch, S., Redfern, M., Debski, R., Almarza, A., Borovetz, H., and Woo, S., 2008, "A Requirement of the Undergraduate Bioengineering Curriculum at the University of Pittsburgh," 2008 ASEE Annual Conference and Exhibition, Pittsburgh, PA.

Almarza, A.J., Augustine, S.M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2008, "Changes in Gene Expression of Matrix Constituents with Respect to Passage of Ligament and Tendon Fibroblasts.," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.36, no.12, pp. 1927-1933.

Almarza, A.J., Yang, G., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Nguyen, T., and Abramowitch, S.D., 2008, "Positive Changes in Bone Marrow-Derived Cells in Response to Culture on an Aligned Bioscaffold.," Tissue Engineering. Part A, vol.14, no.9, pp. 1489-1495.

Karaoglu, S., Fisher, M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Fu, Y.C., Liang, R., and Abramowitch, S.D., 2008, "Use of a Bioscaffold to Improve Healing of a Patellar Tendon Defect After Graft Harvest for ACL Reconstruction: A Study in Rabbits.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.26, no.2, pp. 255-263.

Liang, R., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Nguyen, T.D., Liu, P.C., and Almarza, A., 2008, "Effects of a Bioscaffold on Collagen Fibrillogenesis in Healing Medial Collateral Ligament in Rabbits.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.26, no.8, pp. 1098-1104.

Giffin, J.R., Stabile, K.J., Zantop, T., Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Harner, C.D., 2007, "Importance of Tibial Slope for Stability of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament Deficient Knee.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.35, no.9, pp. 1443-1449.

Gilbert, T.W., Stewart-Akers, A.M., Sydeski, J., Nguyen, T.D., Badylak, S.F., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2007, "Gene Expression by Fibroblasts Seeded on Small Intestinal Submucosa and Subjected to Cyclic Stretching.," Tissue Engineering, vol.13, no.6, pp. 1313-1323.

Vercillo, F., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Noorani, S.Y., and Dede, O., 2007, "Determination of a Safe Range of Knee Flexion Angles for Fixation of the Grafts in Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Human Cadaveric Study.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.35, no.9, pp. 1513-1520.

Zhang, X., Fisher, M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Jiang, G., and Abramowitch, S.D., 2007, "The Assumption of a Negligible Preload on the Determination of Viscoelastic Properties Based on the Quasi-linear Viscoelastic (QLV) Theory (Short Paper)," 2007 IEEE/ICME International Conference on Complex Medical Engineering, Beijing, China, pp. 1645-1648.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Takakura, Y., Liang, R., Jia, F., and Moon, D.K., 2006, "Treatment with Bioscaffold Enhances the Fibril Morphology and the Collagen Composition of healing Medial Collateral Ligament in Rabbits.," Tissue Engineering, vol.12, no.1, pp. 159-166.

Darcy, S.P., Kilger, R.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Debski, R.E., 2006, "Estimation of ACL Forces by Reproducing Knee Kinematics Between Sets of Knees: A Novel Non-Invasive Methodology.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.39, no.13, pp. 2371-2377.

Gilbert, T.W., Sacks, M.S., Grashow, J.S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Badylak, S.F., and Chancellor, M.B., 2006, "Fiber Kinematics of Small Intestinal Submucosa Under Biaxial and Uniaxial Stretch.," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.128, no.6, pp. 890-898.

Hsu, W.H., Fisk, J.A., Yamamoto, Y., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "Differences in Torsional Joint Stiffness of the Knee Between Genders: A Human Cadaveric Study.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.34, no.5, pp. 765-770.

Kilger, R.H., Stehle, J., Fisk, J.A., Thomas, M., Miura, K., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "Anatomical Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction After Valgus High Tibial Osteotomy: A Biomechanical Study.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.34, no.6, pp. 961-967.

Liang, R., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Takakura, Y., Moon, D.K., Jia, F., and Abramowitch, S.D., 2006, "Long-Term Effects of Porcine Small Intestine Submucosa on the Healing of Medial Collateral Ligament: A Functional Tissue Engineering Study.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.24, no.4, pp. 811-819.

Miura, K., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Brinkley, R., Fu, Y.C., and Noorani, S., 2006, "Effects of Knee Flexion Angles for Graft Fixation on Force Distribution in Double-Bundle Anterior Cruciate Ligament Grafts.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.34, no.4, pp. 577-585.

Moon, D.K., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Takakura, Y., Gabriel, M.T., and Abramowitch, S.D., 2006, "The Effects of Refreezing on the Viscoelastic and Tensile Properties of Ligaments.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.39, no.6, pp. 1153-1157.

Moon, D.K., Abramowitch, S.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "The Development and Validation of a Charge-Coupled Device Laser Reflectance System to Measure the Complex Cross-Sectional Shape and Area of Soft Tissues.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.39, no.16, pp. 3071-3075.

Moore, S.M., Thomas, M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Gabriel, M.T., Kilger, R., and Debski, R.E., 2006, "A Novel Methodology to Reproduce Previously Recorded Six-Degree of Freedom Kinematics on the Same Diarthrodial Joint.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.39, no.10, pp. 1914-1923.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Fischer, K.J., Srinivasa, A., Manson, T., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Tomaino, M., 2006, "A Model of Stress and Strain in the Interosseous Ligament of the Forearm Based on Fiber Network Theory.," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.128, no.5, pp. 725-732.

Yamamoto, Y., Hsu, W.H., Fisk, J.A., Van Scyoc, A.H., Miura, K., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "Effect of the Iliotibial Band on Knee Biomechanics During a Simulated Pivot Shift Test.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.24, no.5, pp. 967-973.

Jia, F., Shimomura, T., Niyibizi, C., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Downregulation of Human Type III Collagen Gene Expression by Antisense Oligodeoxynucleotide.," Tissue engineering, vol.11, no.9 10, pp. 1429-1435.

Kilger, R.H., Thomas, M., Hanford, S., Alaseirlis, D.A., Paessler, H.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "The Effectiveness of Reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Using the Novel Knot/Press-fit Technique: A Cadaveric Study.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.33, no.6, pp. 856-863.

Margheritini, F., Rihn, J.A., Mauro, C.S., Stabile, K.J., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Harner, C.D., 2005, "Biomechanics of Initial Tibial Fixation in Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.," Arthroscopy, vol.21, no.10, pp. 1164-1171.

Moalli, P.A., Howden, N.S., Lowder, J.L., Navarro, J., Debes, K.M., Abramowitch, S.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "A Rat Model to Study the Structural Properties of the Vagina and its Supportive Tissues.," Am. J. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.192, no.1, pp. 80-88.

Abramowitch, S.D., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Clineff, T.D., and Debski, R.E., 2004, "An Evaluation of the Quasi-Linear Viscoelastic Properties of the Healing Medial Collateral Ligament in a Goat Model.," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.32, no.3, pp. 329-335.

Abramowitch, S.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "An Improved Method to Analyze the Stress Relaxation of Ligaments Following a Finite Ramp Time Based on the Quasi-Linear Viscoelastic Theory.," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.126, no.1, pp. 92-97.

Gabriel, M.T., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Yagi, M., and Debski, R.E., 2004, "Distribution of In Situ Forces in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament in Response to Rotatory Loads.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.22, no.1, pp. 85-89.

Giffin, J.R., Vogrin, T.M., Zantop, T., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Harner, C.D., 2004, "Effects of Increasing Tibial Slope on the Biomechanics of the Knee.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.32, no.2, pp. 376-382.

Li, Z., Yang, G., Khan, M., Stone, D., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Wang J, H.C., 2004, "Inflammatory Response of Human Tendon Fibroblasts to Cyclic Mechanical Stretching.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.32, no.2, pp. 435-440.

Margheritini, F., Mauro, C.S., Rihn, J.A., Stabile, K.J., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Harner, C.D., 2004, "Biomechanical Comparison of Tibial Inlay Versus Transtibial Techniques for Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Analysis of Knee Kinematics and Graft In Situ Forces.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.32, no.3, pp. 587-593.

Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S.D., Gilbert, T.W., Tsuda, E., Wang J, H.C., Badylak, S.F., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "The Use of Porcine Small Intestinal Submucosa to Enhance the Healing of the Medial Collateral Ligament--A Functional Tissue Engineering Study in Rabbits.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.22, no.1, pp. 214-220.

Song, Y., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Thomas, M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "A Three-Dimensional Finite Element Model of the Human Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A Computational Analysis with Experimental Validation.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.37, no.3, pp. 383-390.

Watanabe, Y., Scyoc, A.V., Tsuda, E., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "Biomechanical Function of the Posterior Horn of the Medial Meniscus: A Human Cadaveric Study.," J. of Orthopaedic Science, vol.9, no.3, pp. 280-284.

Yamamoto, Y., Hsu, W.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Van Scyoc, A.H., Takakura, Y., and Debski, R.E., 2004, "Knee Stability and Graft Function After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Comparison of a Lateral and an Anatomical Femoral Tunnel Placement.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.32, no.8, pp. 1825-1832.

Abramowitch, S.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., Clineff, T.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "A Biomechanical and Histological Evaluation of the Structure and Function of the Healing Medial Collateral Ligament in a Goat Model.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.11, no.3, pp. 155-162.

Abramowitch, S.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Withrow, J.D., Gilbert, T.W., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "The Effect of Initial Graft Tension on the Biomechanical Properties of a Healing ACL Replacement Graft: A Study in Goats.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.21, no.4, pp. 708-715.

Abramowitch, S.D., Yagi, M., Tsuda, E., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "The Healing Medial Collateral Ligament Following a Combined Anterior Cruciate and Medial Collateral Ligament Injury: A Biomechanical Study in a Goat Model.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.21, no.6, pp. 1124-1130.

Burkart, A., Debski, R., Musahl, V., McMahon, P., and Woo, S.L., 2003, "Biomechanical Tests for Type II SLAP Lesions of the Shoulder Joint Before and After Arthroscopic Repair. (German)," Der Orthopäde, vol.32, no.7, pp. 600-607.

Chandler, J.W., Stabile, K.J., Pfaeffle, H.J., Li, Z.M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Tomaino, M.M., 2003, "Anatomic Parameters for Planning of Interosseous Ligament Reconstruction Using Computer-Assisted Techniques.," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.28, no.1, pp. 111-116.

Debski, R.E., Fenwick, J.A., Vangura A, J.R., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Rodosky, M.W., 2003, "Effect of Arthroscopic Procedures on the Acromioclavicular Joint.," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.406, pp. 89-96.

Fukuda, Y., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Loh, J.C., Tsuda, E., Tang, P., McMahon, P.J., and Debski, R.E., 2003, "A Quantitative Analysis of Valgus Torque on the ACL: A Human Cadaveric Study.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.21, no.6, pp. 1107-1112.

Li, Z.M., Pfaeffle, H.J., Sotereanos, D.G., Goitz, R.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Multi-Directional Strength and Force Envelope of the Index Finger.," Clinical Biomechanics (Bristol, Avon), vol.18, no.10, pp. 908-915.

Loh, J.C., Fukuda, Y., Tsuda, E., Steadman, R.J., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Knee Stability and Graft Function Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Comparison Between 11 O'Clock and 10 O'Clock Femoral Tunnel Placement. 2002 Richard O'Connor Award Paper.," J. of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery, vol.19, no.3, pp. 297-304.

Ma, C.B., Kanamori, A., Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Harner, C.D., 2003, "Measurement of Posterior Tibial Translation in the Posterior Ccruciate Ligament-Reconstructed Knee: Significance of the Shift in the Reference Position.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.31, no.6, pp. 843-848.

Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S.D., Gabriel, M.T., Debski, R.E., Hertel, P., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Tensile Properties of an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft After Bone-Patellar Tendon Bone Press-Fit Fixation.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.11, no.2, pp. 68-74.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tunnel Placement: Comparison of Insertion Site Anatomy with the Guidelines of a Computer-Assisted Surgical System.," J. of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery, vol.19, no.2, pp. 154-160.

Shimomura, T., Jia, F., Niyibizi, C., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Antisense Oligonucleotides Reduce Synthesis of Procollagen Alpha1 (V) Chain in Human Patellar Tendon Fibroblasts: Potential Application in Healing Ligaments and Tendons.," Connective tissue research, vol.44, pp. 167-172.

Wang J, H.C., Jia, F., Gilbert, T.W., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Cell Orientation Determines the Alignment of Cell-Produced Collagenous Matrix.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.36, no.1, pp. 97-102.

Wang J, H.C., Jia, F., Yang, G., Yang, S., Campbell, B.H., Stone, D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Cyclic Mechanical Stretching of Human Tendon Fibroblasts Increases the Production of Prostaglandin E2 and Levels of Cyclooxygenase Expression: A Novel In Vitro Model Study.," Connective Tissue Research, vol.44, pp. 128-133.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Kanamori, A., Zeminski, J., Yagi, M., Papageorgiou, C., and Fu, F.H., 2002, "The Effectiveness of Reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament with Hamstrings and Patellar Tendon . A Cadaveric Study Comparing Anterior Tibial and Rotational Loads.," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, vol.84, no.A 6, pp. 907-914.

Fukuda, Y., Tsuda, E., Loh, J., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "The Center of Axial Tibial Rotation in the Knee Joint in Response to a Valgus Torque [Japanese]," J. of the Japanese Society for Clinical Biomechanics and Related Research, vol.23, pp. 423-428.

Kanamori, A., Zeminski, J., Rudy, T.W., Li, G., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "The Effect of Axial Tibial Torque on the Function of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A Biomechanical Study of a Simulated Pivot Shift Test. 2000 Resident & Fellow Essay Award," J. of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery, vol.18, no.4, pp. 394-398.

Martinek, V., Latterman, C., Usas, A., Abramowitch, S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Fu, F.H., and Huard, J., 2002, "Enhancement of Tendon-Bone Integration of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Grafts with Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Gene Transfer: A Histological and Biomechanical Study.," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, vol.84, no.A 7, pp. 1123-1131.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Van Scyoc, A., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "Accuracy of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tunnel Placement with an Active Robotic System: A Cadaveric Study.," J. of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery, vol.18, no.9, pp. 968-973.

Parsons, I.M., Apreleva, M., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "The Effect of Rotator Cuff Tears on Reaction Forces at the Glenohumeral Joint.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.20, no.3, pp. 439-446.

Tsuda, E., Fukuda, Y., Loh, J.C., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "The Effect of Soft-Tissue Graft Fixation in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction on Graft-Tunnel Motion Under Anterior Tibial Loading.," J. of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery, vol.18, no.9, pp. 960-967.

Watanabe, N., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Papageorgiou, C., Celechovsky, C., and Takai, S., 2002, "Fate of Donor Bone Marrow Cells in Medial Collateral Ligament After Simulated Autologous Transplantation.," Microscopy Research and Technique, vol.58, no.1, pp. 39-44.

Yagi, M., Wong, E.K., Kanamori, A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "Biomechanical Analysis of an Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.30, no.5, pp. 660-666.

Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., Rudy, T., Fu, F.H., Musahl, V., Van Scyoc, A., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "Precision of ACL Tunnel Placement Using Traditional and Robotic Techniques.," Computer Aided Surgery, vol.6, no.5, pp. 270-278.

Debski, R.E., Parsons, I.M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Fu, F.H., 2001, "Effect of Capsular Injury on Acromioclavicular Joint Mechanics.," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery. American volume, vol.83, no.A 9, pp. 1344-1351.

Fischer, K.J., Manson, T.T., Pfaeffle, H.J., Tomaino, M.M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "A Method for Measuring Joint Kinematics Designed for Accurate Registration of Kinematic data to Models Constructed from CT Data.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.34, no.3, pp. 377-383.

Höher, J., Kanamori, A., Zeminski, J., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "The Position of the Tibia During Graft Fixation Affects Knee Kinematics and Graft Forces for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.29, no.6, pp. 771-776.

Papageorgiou, C.D., Gil, J.E., Kanamori, A., Fenwick, J.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Fu, F.H., 2001, "The Biomechanical Interdependence Between the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Replacement Graft and the Medial Meniscus. 2000 Albert Trillet Award Paper.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.29, no.2, pp. 226-231.

Papageorgiou, C.D., Ma, C.B., Abramowitch, S.D., Clineff, T.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "A Multidisciplinary Study of the Healing of an Intraarticular Anterior Cruciate Ligament Graft in a Goat Model.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.29, no.5, pp. 620-626.

Scheffler, S.U., Clineff, T.D., Papageorgiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., Ma, C.B., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "Structure and Function of the Healing Medial Collateral Ligament in a Goat Model.," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.29, no.2, pp. 173-180.

Watanabe, N., Celechovsky, C., Niyibizi, C., Wang J, H.C., Takai, S., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "The Effects of Growth Factors on Proliferation and Matrix Synthesis of Fibroblasts from Goat Medial Collateral Ligament," J. of Musculoskeletal Research, vol.4, no.4, pp. 257-264.

Abramowitch, S.D., Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., Wang, J.H., and Woo, S.L., 2000, "A Technique to Find A Unique Solution of Fung's Reduced Relaxation Function," Biomedical Engineering Society, pp. 1-2, University of Pittsburgh.

Allen, C.R., Wong, E.K., Livesay, G.A., Sakane, M., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Importance of the Medial Meniscus in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Deficient Knee.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.18, no.1, pp. 109-115.

Apreleva, M., Parsons IM, 4.T.H., Warner, J.P., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Experimental Investigation of Reaction Forces at the Glenohumeral Joint During Active Abduction.," J. of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol.9, no.B 5, pp. 409-417.

Harner, C.D., Janaushek, M.A., Kanamori, A., Yagi, M., Vogrin, T.M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Biomechanical Analysis of a Double-Bundle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. 1999 Cabaud Award and 2000 Hughston Award Paper and Outstanding Paper for Volume 28.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.28, no.2, pp. 144-151.

Harner, C.D., Janaushek, M.A., Ma, C.B., Kanamori, A., Vogrin, T.M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "The Effect of Knee Flexion Angle and Application of an Anterior Tibial Load at the Time of Graft Fixation on the Biomechanics of a Posterior Cruciate Ligament-Reconstructed Knee.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.28, no.4, pp. 460-465.

Harner, C.D., Vogrin, T.M., Höher, J., Ma, C.B., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Biomechanical Analysis of a Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Deficiency of the Posterolateral Structures as a Cause of Graft Failure.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.28, no.1, pp. 32-39.

Höher, J., Scheffler, S.U., Withrow, J.D., Livesay, G.A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Mechanical Behavior of Two Hamstring Graft Constructs for Reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.18, no.3, pp. 456-461.

Kanamori, A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Ma, C.B., Zeminski, J., Rudy, T.W., Li, G., and Livesay, G.A., 2000, "The Forces in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Knee Kinematics During a Simulated Pivot Shift Test: A Human Cadaveric Study Using Robotic Technology.," J. of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery, vol.16, no.6, pp. 633-639.

Kanamori, A., Sakane, M., Zeminski, J., Rudy, T.W., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "In-Situ Force in the Medial and Lateral Structures of Intact and ACL-Deficient Knees.," J. of Orthopaedic Science, vol.5, no.6, pp. 567-571.

Ma, C.B., Janaushek, M.A., Vogrin, T.M., Rudy, T.W., Harner, C.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Significance of Changes in the Reference Position for Measurements of Tibial Translation and Diagnosis of Cruciate Ligament Deficiency.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.18, no.2, pp. 176-182.

Ma, C.B., Papageogiou, C.D., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Interaction Between the ACL Graft and MCL in a Combined ACL+MCL Knee Injury Using a Goat Model.," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.71, no.4, pp. 387-393.

Niyibizi, C., Kavalkovich, K., Yamaji, T., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Type V Collagen is Increased During Rabbit Medial Collateral Ligament Healing.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.8, no.5, pp. 281-285.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Fischer, K.J., Manson, T.T., Tomaino, M.M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Herndon, J.H., 2000, "Role of the Forearm Interosseous Ligament: Is It More Than Just Longitudinal Load Transfer?," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.25, no.A 4, pp. 683-688.

Rudy, T.W., Sakane, M., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "The Effect of the Point of Application of Anterior Tibial Loads on Human Knee Kinematics.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.33, no.9, pp. 1147-1152.

Vogrin, T.M., Höher, J., Arøen, A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Harner, C.D., 2000, "Effects of Sectioning the Posterolateral Structures on Knee Kinematics and In Situ Forces in the Posterior Cruciate Ligament.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.8, no.2, pp. 93-98.

Boardman, N.D., Morifusa, S., Saw, S.S., McCarthy, D.M., Sotereanos, D.G., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Effects of Tenorraphy on the Gliding Function and Tensile Properties of Partially Lacerated Canine Digital Flexor Tendons.," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.24, no.A 2, pp. 302-309.

Debski, R.E., Sakane, M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Wong, E.K., Fu, F.H., and Warner, J.P., 1999, "Contribution of the Passive Properties of the Rotator Cuff to Glenohumeral Stability During Anterior-Posterior Loading.," J. of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol.8, no.4, pp. 324-329.

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Fu, F.H., and Warner, J.P., 1999, "An Analytical Approach to Determine the In Situ Forces in the Glenohumeral Ligaments.," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.121, no.3, pp. 311-315.

Debski, R.E., Wong, E.K., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Sakane, M., Fu, F.H., and Warner, J.P., 1999, "In Situ Force Distribution in the Glenohumeral Joint Capsule During Anterior-Posterior Loading.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.17, no.5, pp. 769-776.

Gilbertson, L.G., Doehring, T.C., Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Kang, J.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Improvement of Accuracy in a High-Capacity, Six Degree-of-Freedom Load Cell: Application to Robotic Testing of Musculoskeletal Joints.," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.27, no.6, pp. 839-843.

Harner, C.D., Baek, G.H., Vogrin, T.M., Carlin, G.J., Kashiwaguchi, S., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Quantitative Analysis of Human Cruciate Ligament Insertions.," J. of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, vol.15, no.7, pp. 741-749.

Hildebrand, K.A., Deie, M., Allen, C.R., Smith, D.W., Georgescu, H.I., Evans, C.H., Robbins, P.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "The Expression of Marker Genes in the Medial Collateral and Anterior Cruciate Ligaments: The Use of Different Viral Vectors and the Effects of Injury," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.17, no.1, pp. 37-42.

Höher, J., Livesay, G.A., Ma, C.B., Withrow, J.D., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Hamstring Graft Motion in the Femoral Bone Tunnel When Using Titanium Button/Polyester Tape Fixation," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.7, no.4, pp. 215-219.

Höher, J., Vogrin, T.M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Carlin, G.J., Arøen, A., and Harner, C.D., 1999, "In Situ Forces in the Human Posterior Cruciate Ligament in Response to Muscle Loads: A Cadaveric Study.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.17, no.5, pp. 763-768.

Li, G., Gil, J., Kanamori, A., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "A Validated Three-Dimensional Computational Model of a Human Knee Joint.," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.121, no.6, pp. 657-662.

Li, G., Rudy, T.W., Sakane, M., Kanamori, A., Ma, C.B., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "The Importance of Quadriceps and Hamstring Muscle Loading on Knee Kinematics and In-Situ Forces in the ACL.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.32, no.4, pp. 395-400.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Fischer, K.J., Manson, T.T., Tomaino, M.M., Herndon, J.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "A New Methodology to Measure Load Transfer Through the Forearm Using Multiple Universal Force Sensors.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.32, no.12, pp. 1331-1335.

Sakane, M., Livesay, G.A., Fox, R.J., Rudy, T.W., Runco, T.J., and Woo, S.L., 1999, "Relative Contribution of the ACL, MCL, and Bony Contact to the Anterior Stability of the Knee," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.7, no.2, pp. 93-97.

Stone, D., Green, C., Rao, U., Aizawa, H., Yamaji, T., Niyibizi, C., Carlin, G., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Cytokine-induced Tendonitis: A Preliminary Study in Rabbits.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.17, no.2, pp. 168-177.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Fox, R.J., Sakane, M., Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., and Fu, F.H., 1998, "Biomechanics of the ACL: Measurements of In Situ Forces in the ACL and Knee Kinematics," Knee, vol.5, pp. 267-288.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Smith, D.W., Hildebrand, K.A., Zeminski, J.A., and Johnson, L.A., 1998, "Engineering the Healing of the Rabbit Medial Collateral Ligament.," Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol.36, no.3, pp. 359-364.

Apreleva, M., Hasselman, C.T., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Warner, J.P., 1998, "A Dynamic Analysis of Glenohumeral Motion After Following Capsulolabral Injury in the Shoulder," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.80, no.A 4, pp. 474-480.

Baek, G.H., Vogrin, T.M., Carlin, G.J., Marks, P., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Harner, C.D., 1998, "A Quantitative Analysis of Collagen Fibrils of Human Cruciate and Meniscofemoral Ligaments," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, no.357, pp. 205-211.

Bischoff, R.J., Morifusa, S., Gelberman, R.H., Winters, S.C., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Chan, S., Pfaeffle, H., and Seiler, J.G., 1998, "The Effects of Proximal Load on the Excursion of Autogenous Flexor Tendon Grafts.," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.23, no.2, pp. 285-289.

Demirhan, M., Imhoff, A.B., Debski, R.E., Patel, P.R., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., 1998, "The Spinoglenoid Ligament and its Relationship to the Suprascapular Nerve.," J. of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol.7, no.3, pp. 238-243.

Fox, R.J., Harner, C.D., Sakane, M., Carlin, G.J., and Woo, S.L., 1998, "Determination of the In Situ Forces in the Human Posterior Cruciate Ligament Using Robotic Technology. A Cadaveric Study.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.26, no.3, pp. 395-401.

Harner, C.D., Höher, J., Vogrin, T.M., Carlin, G.J., and Woo, S.L., 1998, "The Effects of a Popliteus Muscle Load on In Situ Forces in the Posterior Cruciate Ligament and on Knee Kinematics. A Human Cadaveric Study.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.26, no.5, pp. 669-673.

Hildebrand, K.A., Woo, S.L., Smith, D.W., Allen, C.R., Deie, M., Taylor, B.J., and Schmidt, C.C., 1998, "The Effects of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-BB on Healing of the Rabbit Medial Collateral Ligament. An In Vivo Study. 1997 O'Donoghue Sports Injury Research Award Paper," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.26, no.4, pp. 549-554.

Höher, J., Harner, C.D., Vogrin, T.M., Baek, G.H., Carlin, G.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1998, "In Situ Forces in the Posterolateral Structures of the Knee under Posterior Tibial Loading in the Intact and PCL Deficient Knee," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.16, no.6, pp. 675-681.

Höher, J., Sakane, M., Vogrin, T.M., Withrow, J.D., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1998, "Viskoplastische Elongation eines gevierfachten Semitendinosussehenenkonstrukts mit Tape-und Fadenfixierung unter zyklischer Belastung," Arthroskopie, vol.11, no.2, pp. 52-55.

Li, G., Rudy, T.W., Allen, C., Sakane, M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1998, "Effect of Combined Axial Compressive and Anterior Tibial Loads on In Situ Forces in the Anterior Cruciate Ligament: a Porcine Study.," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.16, no.1, pp. 122-127.

Przybylski, G.J., Patel, P.R., Carlin, G.J., and Woo, S.L., 1998, "Quantitative Anthropometry of the Subatlantal Cervical Longitudinal Ligaments.," Spine, vol.23, no.8, pp. 893-898.

Winters, S.C., Gelberman, R.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Chan, S.S., Grewal, R., and Seiler, J.G., 1998, "The Effects of Multiple-Strand Suture Methods on the Strength and Excursion of Repaired Intrasynovial Flexor Tendons: A Biomechanical Study in Dogs.," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.23, no.1, pp. 97-104.

Xerogeanes, J.W., Fox, R.J., Takeda, Y., Kim, H.S., Ishibashi, Y., Carlin, G.J., and Woo, S.L., 1998, "A Functional Comparison of Animal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Models to the Human Anterior Cruciate Ligament.," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.26, no.3, pp. 345-352.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Chan, S.S., and Yamaji, T., 1997, "Biomechanics of Knee Ligament Healing, Repair and Reconstruction," Muybridge Lecture, XVth ISB Congress, J. of Biomechanics, vol.30, no.5, pp. 431-440.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Fox, R.J., Sakane, M., Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Runco, T.J., Li, G., Allen, C.R., and Fu, F.H., 1997, "Force and Force Distribution in the ACL and its Clinical Implications. First place winner of the inaugural GOTS-Beiersdorf Research Award Competition for Sports Medicine," Sportorthopadic-Sporttraumatologie, vol.13, no.1, pp. 37-48.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Niyibizi, C., Matyas, J., Kavalkovich, K., Weaver-Green, C., and Fox, R.J., 1997, "MCL Healing: Combinated MCL and ACL Injuries Studied in Rabbits," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.68, no.2, pp. 142-148.

Deie, M., Marui, T., Allen, C.R., Hildebrand, K.A., Georgescu, H.I., Niyibizi, C., and Woo, S.L., 1997, "The Effects of Age on Rabbit MCL Fibroblast Matrix Synthesis in Response to TGF-beta 1 or EGF.," Mechanisms of Aging and Development, vol.97, no.2, pp. 121-130.

Ishibashi, Y., Kim, H.S., Rudy, T.W., Livesay, G.A., Xerogeanes, J.W., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1997, "The Effect of ACL Graft Fixation Site at the Tibia on Knee Stability: A Robotics Evaluation," J. of Arthroscopy and Related Surgery, vol.13, no.2, pp. 177-182.

Lee, K.W., Debski, R.E., Chen, C.H., Woo, S.L., and Fu, F.H., 1997, "Functional Evaluation of the Ligaments at the Acromioclavicular Joint During Anteroposterior and Superoinferior Translation.," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.25, no.6, pp. 858-862.

Livesay, G.A., Rudy, T.W., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Runco, T.J., Sakane, M., Li, G., and Fu, F.H., 1997, "Evaluation of the Effect of Joint Constraints on the In-Situ Force Distribution in the ACL," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.15, no.2, pp. 278-284.

Marui, T., Niyibizi, C., Georgescu, H.I., Cao, M., Kavalkovich, K.W., Levine, R.E., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1997, "The Effect of Growth Factors on Matrix Synthesis by Ligament Fibroblasts," J. Orthopaedic Research, vol.15, pp. 18-23.

Noguchi, M., Seiler, J.G., Boardman, N.D., Tramaglini, D.M., Chan, S.S., Gelberman, R.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1997, "Tensile Properties of Canine Intrasynovial and Extrasynovial Flexor Tendon Autografts," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.22, no.A, pp. 457-463.

Sakane, M., Fox, R.J., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Livesay, G.A., Li, G., and Fu, F.H., 1997, "In-Situ Forces in the ACL and Its Bundles in Response to Anterior Tibial Loads," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.15, no.2, pp. 285-293.

Scherping SC, J.R., Schmidt, C.C., Georgescu, H.I., Kwoh, C.K., Evans, C.H., and Woo, S.L., 1997, "Effect of Growth Factors on the Proliferation of Ligament Fibroblasts from Skeletally Mature Rabbits.," Connective Tissue Research, vol.36, no.1, pp. 1-8.

Seiler, J.G., Chu, C.R., Amiel, D., Woo, S.L., and Gelberman, R.H., 1997, "The Marshall R. Urist Young Investigator Award. Autogenous Flexor Tendon Grafts: Biological Mechanisms for Incorporation.," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.345, pp. 239-247.

Winters, S.C., Seiler III, J.G., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Gelberman, R.H., 1997, "Suture Methods for Flexor Tendon Repair: A Biomechanical Analysis during the First Six Weeks Following Repair," Annals of Hand Surgery, vol.16, pp. 229-234.

Boardman, N.D., Debski, R.E., Warner, J.J., Taskiran, E., Maddox, L., Imhoff, A.B., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., 1996, "Tensile Properties of the Superior Glenohumeral and Coracohumeral Ligaments.," J. of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol.5, no.4, pp. 249-254.

Carlin, G.J., Livesay, G.A., Harner, C.D., Ishibashi, Y., Kim, H.S., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1996, "In-Situ Forces in the Human PCL in Response to Posterior Tibial Loading," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.24, pp. 193-197.

Fujie, H., Livesay, G.A., Fujita, M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1996, "Forces and Moments in 6-DOF at the Human Knee Joint: Mathematical Description for Control," J. of Biomechanics, vol.29, no.12, pp. 1577-1585.

Grewal, R., Sotereanos, D.G., Rao, U., Herndon, J.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1996, "Bundle Pattern of the Flexor Digitorum Profunds Tendon in Zone II of the Hand: A Quantitative Assessment of the Size of a Laceration," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.21, no.A, pp. 978-983.

Johnson, G.A., Livesay, G.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Rajagopal, K.R., 1996, "A Single Integral Finite Strain Viscoelastic Model of Ligaments and Tendons," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.118, no.2, pp. 221-226.

McGough, R.L., Debski, R.E., Taskiran, E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., 1996, "Mechanical Properties of the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon.," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.3, no.4, pp. 226-229.

Pfaeffle, H.J., Tomaino, M.M., Grewal, R., Xu, J., Boardman, N.D., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Herndon, J.H., 1996, "Tensile Properties of the Interosseous Membrane of the Human Forearm," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.14, no.5, pp. 842-845.

Przybylski, G., Carlin, G.J., Patel, P.R., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1996, "Human Anterior and Posterior Cervical Longitudinal Ligaments Possess Similar Tensile Properties," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.14, no.6, pp. 1005-1008.

Rudy, T.W., Livesay, G.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Fu, F.H., 1996, "A Combined Robotic/Universal Force Sensor Approach to Determine In-Situ Forces of Knee Ligaments," J. of Biomechanics, vol.29, no.10, pp. 1357-1360.

Stone, J.D., Carlin, G.J., Ishibashi, Y., Harner, C.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1996, "Assessment of PCL Graft Performance Using Robotics Technology," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.24, no.6, pp. 824-828.

Thompson, W.O., Debski, R.E., Boardman ND, 3.R.D., Taskiran, E., Warner, J.J., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., 1996, "A Biomechanical Analysis of Rotator Cuff Deficiency in a Cadaveric Model. 1994 Herodicus Award," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.24, no.3, pp. 286-292.

Yamaji, T., Levine, R.E., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Niyibizi, C., Kavalkovich, K., and Weaver-Green, C.M., 1996, "MCL Healing One Year After a Concurrent MCL and ACL Injury: An Interdisciplinary Study in Rabbits," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.14, pp. 223-227.

Woo, S.L., Debski, R.E., Imhoff, A.B., Patel, P.R., and Fu, F.H., 1995, "Biomechanics of the Full Upper Extremity in Simple Abduction: Application of the Pittsburgh Dynamic Shoulder Testing Apparatus," First Congress of the Asian Shoulder Association, pp. 35-39, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L., Debski, R.E., Imhoff, A.B., Patel, P.R., Warner, J., and Fu, F.H., 1995, "Soft Tissue Restraints Around the Glenohumeral Joint," First Congress of the Asian Shoulder Association, Taiwan.

Debski, R.E., McMahon, P.J., Thompson, W.O., Woo, S.L., Warner, J.J., and Fu, F.H., 1995, "A New Dynamic Testing Apparatus to Study Glenohumeral Joint Motion.," J. of Biomechanics, vol.28, no.7, pp. 869-874.

Fujie, H., Livesay, G.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Kashiwaguchi, S., and Blomstrom, G.A., 1995, "The Use of Universal Force-Moment Sensor to Determine In-situ Forces in Soft Tissues: Application to the Human ACL," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.117, pp. 1-7.

Harner, C.D., Livesay, G.A., Kashiwaguchi, S., Fujie, H., Choi, N.Y., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "A Comparative Study of the Size and Shape of the Human Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligaments," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.13, no.3, pp. 429-434.

Harner, C.D., Xerogeanes, J.W., Livesay, G.A., Carlin, G.J., Smith, B.A., Kusayama, T., Kashiwaguchi, S., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "The Human PCL: An Interdisciplinary Study. Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Young Investigator Award for Excellence in Research," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.23, no.6, pp. 736-745.

Joshi, M.D., Suh, J., Marui, T., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "Interspecies Variation of Compressive Biomechanical Properties of the Meniscus," J. of Biomedical Materials Research, vol.29, no.7, pp. 823-828.

Livesay, G.A., Fujie, H., Kashiwaguchi, S., Morrow, D.A., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "Determination of the In-Situ Forces and Force Distribution within the Human ACL," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.23, no.4, pp. 467-474.

McMahon, P.J., Debski, R.E., Thompson, W.O., Warner, J.J., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., 1995, "Shoulder Muscle Forces and Tendon Excursions During Glenohumeral Abduction in the Scapular Plane.," J. of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, vol.4, no.3, pp. 199-208.

Newton, P.O., Woo, S.L.-.Y., MacKenna, D.A., and Akeson, W.H., 1995, "Immobilization of the Knee Joint Alters the Mechanical and Ultrastructural Properties of the Rabbit Anterior Cruciate Ligament," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.13, pp. 191-200.

Niyibizi, C., Visconti, C.S., Kavalkovich, K., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "Collagen in an Adult Bovine MCL: Immunofluorescence Localization by Confocal Microscopy Reveals that Type XIV Collage Predominates at the Ligament Bone Junction," Matrix Biology, vol.14, pp. 743-751.

Ohno, K., Pomaybo, A.S., Schmidt, C.C., Levine, R.E., Ohland, K.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "Healing of the MCL After a Combined MCL and ACL Injury and Reconstruction of the ACL: Comparison of Repair and Nonrepair of MCL Tears in Rabbits," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.13, no.3, pp. 442-449.

Schmidt, C.C., Georgescu, H.I., Kwoh, C.K., Blomstrom, G.L., Engle, C.P., Evans, C.H., and Woo, S.L., 1995, "The Effect of Growth Factors on the Proliferation of Medial Collateral and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Fibroblasts," J. Orthopaedic Research, vol.13, no.2, pp. 184-90.

Suh, J., Li, Z., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "Dynamics Behavior of A Biphasic Cartilage Model Under Cyclic Compressive Loading," J. of Biomechanics, vol.28, no.4, pp. 357-364.

Suh, J.K., Scherping, S., Marui, T., Steadman, J.R., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "Basic Science of Articular Cartilage Injury and Repair," Operative Techniques in Sports Medicine, vol.3, no.2, pp. 78-86.

Xerogeanes, J.W., Takeda, Y., Livesay, G.A., Ishibashi, Y., Kim, Y., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1995, "The Effect of Knee Flexion on the In-Situ Force Distribution of the Human ACL," Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.3, pp. 9-13.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Johnson, G.A., and Levine, R.E., 1994, "Viscoelastic Models for Ligaments and Tendons," Proceedings of the 12th U.S. National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Reviews, vol.47, no.2, S282-S286.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Ohno, K., Weaver, C.M., Pomaybo, A.S., and Xerogeanes, J.W., 1994, "Nonoperative Treatment of Knee Ligament Injuries," J. of Sports, Exercise and Injury, vol.1, pp. 2-13.

Engle, C.P., Noguchi, M., Ohland, K.J., Shelley, F.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1994, "Healing of the Rabbit Medial Collateral Ligament Following an O'Donoghue Triad Injury: The Effects of ACL Reconstruction," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.12, pp. 357-364.

Johnson, G.A., Tramaglini, D.M., Levine, R.E., Ohno, K., Choi, N., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1994, "Changes in the Tensile and Viscoelastic Properties of the Human Patellar Tendon," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.12, pp. 796-803.

Noguchi, M., McMahon, P.J., Johnson, G., Rosenblyum, V.D., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1994, "Kinematics Analysis of Anterior Tibial Tendon Transfer for Equinovarus Foot Deformity," J. of Japanese Orthopaedic Surgery, vol.25, pp. 2-5.

Takeda, Y., Xerogeanes, J., Livesay, G.A., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1994, "Biomechanical Function of Human ACL," J. of Arthroscopic and Related Research, vol.10, no.2, pp. 140-147.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "Die Heilung des Medialen Seitenbands.," Sportverletzung Sportschaden, vol.7, pp. 3-16.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Johnson, G.A., and Smith, B.A., 1993, "Mathematical Modeling of Ligaments and Tendons," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.115, pp. 468-473.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Smith, B.A., Livesay, G.A., and Blomstrong, G.L., 1993, "Why Do Ligaments Fail?," Current Orthopaedics, vol.7, pp. 73-84.

Brown, R., Pedowitz, R., Rydevik, B., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Hargens, A., Massie, J., Kwan, M., and Garfin, S.R., 1993, "Effects of Acute Graded Strain on Efferent Conduction Properties in the Rabbit Tibial Nerve," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.296, pp. 288-294.

Buckwalter, J.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Goldberg, V.M., Hadley, E.C., Booth, F., Oegema, T.R., and Eyre, D.R., 1993, "Soft Tissue Aging and Musculoskeletal Function," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.75, no.A, pp. 1533-1548.

Carlson, G.D., Botte, M.J., Josephs, M.S., Newton, P.O., Davis, J.L., Lieber, R.L., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "Morphologic and Biomechanical Comparison of Tendons Used as Free Grafts," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.18, no.A, pp. 76-82.

Danto, M.I., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "The Mechanical Properties of Skeletally Mature Rabbit ACL and Patellar Tendon over a Range of Strain Rates," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.11, pp. 58-67.

Fu, F.H., Harner, C.D., Johnson, D.L., Miller, M.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "Biomechanics of Knee Ligaments: Basic Concepts and Clinical Applications," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.75, no.A, pp. 1716-1727.

Fujie, H., Mabuchi, K., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Livesay, G.A., Arai, S., and Tsukamoto, Y., 1993, "The Use of Robotics Technology to Study Human Joint Kinematics: A New Methodology," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.115, pp. 211-217.

Kwan, M.K., Lin, T.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "On the Viscoelastic Properties of the Anteromedial Bundle of the ACL," J. of Biomechanics, vol.26, pp. 447-452.

More, R.C., Karras, B.T., Neiman, R., Fritschy, D., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Daniel, D.M., 1993, "Hamstrings-An ACL Protagonist: An In Vitro Study," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.21, pp. 231-237.

Noguchi, M., Seiler, J.G., Gelberman, R.H., Sofranko, R.A., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "In Vitro Biomechanical Analysis of Suture methods for Flexor Tendon Repair," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.11, pp. 603-611.

Seiler, J.G., Gelberman, R.H., Williams, C.S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Dickersin, G.R., Sofranko, R.A., Chu, C.R., and Rosenberg, A.E., 1993, "Autogenous Flexor Tendon Grafts: A Biomechanical and Morphological Study in Dogs," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.75, no.A, pp. 1004-1014.

Shoemaker, S.C., Adams, D.J., Daniel, D.M., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "Quadriceps/Anterior Cruciate Graft Interaction: An In Vitro Study of Joint Kinematics and ACL Graft Tension," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.294, pp. 379-390.

Smith, B.A., Livesay, G.A., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "Biology and Biomechanics of the ACl," Clinics in Sports Medicine, vol.12, no.A, pp. 637-670.

Takai, S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Livesay, G.A., Adam, D.J., and Fu, F.H., 1993, "Determination of the In-situ Loads on the Human Anterior Cruciate Ligament," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.11, pp. 686-695.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Livesay, G.A., and Engle, C., 1992, "Biomechanics of the Human ACL: ACL Structure and Role in Knee Motion," Orthopaedic Review, vol.21, pp. 835-842.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Livesay, G.A., and Engle, C., 1992, "Biomechanics of the Human Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Muscle Stabilization and ACL Reconstruction," Orthopaedic Review, vol.21, pp. 935-941.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Newton, P.O., MacKenna, D.A., and Lyon, R.M., 1992, "A Comparative Evaluation of the Mechanical Properties of the Rabbit Medial Collateral and Anterior Cruciate Ligaments," J. of Biomechanics, vol.25, pp. 377-386.

Anderson, D.R., Weiss, J.A., Takai, S., Ohland, K.J., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1992, "Healing of the Medial Collateral Ligament Following a Traid Jury," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.10, pp. 485-495.

Carlson, G.D., Abitbol, J.J., Anderson, D.R., Grag, M.H., Kostuik, J.P., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Garfin, S.R., 1992, "Screw Fixation in the Human Sacrum: An In Vitro Study of the Biomechanics of Fixation," Spine, vol.17, S196-S203.

Coutts, R.D., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Amiel, D., von Schroeder, H.P., and Kwan, M.K., 1992, "Rib Perichondrial Allografts in Full-Thickness Articular Cartilage Defects in Rabbits," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.275, pp. 263-273.

Fu, F.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Irrgang, J.J., 1992, "Current Concepts for Rehabilitation Following ACL Reconstruction," J. of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, vol.15, pp. 270-278.

Hart, R.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Newton, P.O., 1992, "Ultrastructural Morphometry of the ACL and MCL: An Experimental Study in Rabbits," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.10, pp. 96-103.

Kwan, M.K., Hacker, S.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Wayne, J.S., 1992, "The Effect of Storage on the Biomechanical Behavior of Articular Cartilage - A Large Strain Study," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.114, pp. 149-153.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Hollis, J.M., Adams, D.J., Lyon, R.M., and Takai, S., 1991, "Tensile Properties of the Human Femur-Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Tibia Complex: The Effects of Specimen Age and Orientation. Am Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine 1990 Excellence in Research Award Paper (Clinical Science)," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.19, pp. 217-225.

Anderson, D.R., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Kwan, M.K., and Gershuni, D., 1991, "Viscoelastic Shear Properties of the Equine Medial Meniscus," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.9, pp. 550-558.

Gelberman, R.H., Nunley, J.A., Osterman, A.L., Breen, T.F., Dimick, M.P., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1991, "Influences of the Protected Passive Mobilization Interval on Flexor Tendon Healing - A Prospective Randomized Clinical Study," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.264, pp. 189-196.

Gelberman, R.H., Siegel, D.B., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Amiel, D., Takai, S., and Lee, D., 1991, "Healing of Digital Flexor Tendons: Importance of the Interval from Injury to Repair. A Biomechanical, Biochemical and Morphological Study in Dogs," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.73, no.A, pp. 66-75.

Gomez, M.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Amiel, D., Harwood, F.L., Kitabayashi, L.R., and Matyas, J.R., 1991, "The Effects of Increased Tension on Healing Medial Collateral Ligaments. Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine 1990 O'Donoghue Sports Injury Research Award Paper," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.19, pp. 347-354.

Hollis, J.M., Takai, S., Adams, D.J., Horibe, S., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1991, "The Effects of Knee Motion and External Loading on the Length of the ACL: A Kinematic Study," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.113, pp. 208-214.

Lyon, R.M., Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Kitabayashi, L.R., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1991, "Ultrastructural Differences between the Cells of the Medial Collateral Ligament and ACL," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.272, pp. 279-286.

Takai, S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Horibe, S., Tung, D.K., and Gelberman, R.H., 1991, "The Effects of Frequency and Duration of Controlled Passive Mobilization on Tendon Healing," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.9, pp. 705-713.

Wall, E.J., Kwan, M.K., Rydevik, B.L., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Garfin, S.R., 1991, "Stress Relaxation of a Peripheral Nerve," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.16, no.a, pp. 859-863.

Wayne, J.S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Kwan, M.K., 1991, "Application of the u-P Finite Element Method to the Study of Articular Cartilage," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.113, pp. 397-403.

Wayne, J.S., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1991, "Finite Element Analysis of Repaired Articular Surfaces," Engineering in Medicine, Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineering, vol.205, no.H3, pp. 155-162.

Weiss, J.A., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Ohland, K.J., Horibe, S., and Newton, P.O., 1991, "Evaluation of a New Injury Model to Study Medial Collateral Ligament Healing: Primary Repair vs. Nonoperative Treatment," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.9, pp. 516-528.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Wayne, J.S., 1990, "Mechanics of the ACL and Its Contribution to Knee Kinematics," Applied Mechanics Review, vol.43, no.2, S142-S149.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Danto, M.I., Ohland, K.J., Lee, T.Q., and Newton, P.O., 1990, "The Use of a Laser Micrometer System to Determine the Cross-sectional Shape and Area of Ligaments: A Comparative Study with Two Existing Methods," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.112, pp. 426-431.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Ohland, K.J., and Weiss, J.A., 1990, "Aging and Sex Related Changes in the Biomechanical Properties of the Rabbit Medial Collateral Ligament," Mechanisms of Aging and Development, vol.56, pp. 129-142.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Peterson, R.H., Ohland, K.J., Sites, T.J., and Danto, M.I., 1990, "The Effects of Strain Rate on the Properties of the Medial Collateral Ligament in Skeletally Immature and Mature Rabbits: A Biomechanical and Histological Study," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.8, pp. 712-721.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Weiss, J.A., Gomez, M.A., and Hawkins, D.A., 1990, "Measurement of Change in Ligament Tension With Knee Motion and Skeletal Maturation," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.112, pp. 46-51.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Young, E.P., Ohland, K.J., Marcin, J.P., Horibe, S., and Lin, H., 1990, "The Effects of Transection of the ACL on Healing of the Medial Collateral Ligament: A Biomechanical Study of the Knee in Dogs," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.72, no.A, pp. 382-392.

Ballock, R.T., Lee, T.Q., Triggs, K.J., Woo, S.L., and Garfin, S.R., 1990, "The Effect of Pin Location on the Rigidity of the Halo Pin Bone Interface," Neurosurgery, vol.26, pp. 238-241.

Gelberman, R.H., Woo, S.L., Amiel, D., Horibe, S., and Lee, D., 1990, "Influences of Flexor Sheath Continuity and Early Motion on Tendon Healing: A Biomechanical, Biochemical and Ultrastructural Study in Dogs," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.15, no.A, pp. 69-77.

Horibe, S., Woo, S.L., Spiegelman, J.J., Marcin, J.P., and Gelberman, R.H., 1990, "Excursion of the Flexor Digitorum Profundus Tendon - A Kinematic Study of the Human and Canine Digits," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.8, pp. 167-174.

Inoue, M., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Gomez, M.A., Amiel, D., Ohland, K.J., and Kitabayashi, L.R., 1990, "Effects of Surgical Treatment and Immobilization on the Healing of the Medial Collateral Ligament: A Long Term Multidisciplinary Study," Connective Tissue Research, vol.25, pp. 13-26.

Ishizue, K.K., Lyon, R.M., Amiel, D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1990, "Acute Hemarthrosis: A Histological, Biochemical and Biomechanical Correlation of Early Effects on the Anterior Cruciate Ligament in a Rabbit Model," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.8, pp. 548-554.

Jr., E., von Schroeder, H.P., Mai, M.T., Aratow, M., Amiel, D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1990, "Cartilage Resurfacing of the Rabbit Knee: The Use of an Allogeneric Demineralized Bone Matrix-Autogenic Perichondrium Composite Implant," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.61, pp. 201-206.

Newton, P.O., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Kitabayashi, L.R., Lyon, R.M., Anderson, D.R., and Akeson, W.H., 1990, "Ultrastructural Changes in Knee Ligaments Following Immobilization," Matrix, vol.10, pp. 314-319.

Rydevik, B.L., Kwan, M.K., Myers, R.R., Brown, R.A., Triggs, K.J., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Garfin, S.R., 1990, "An In-Vitro Mechanical and Histological Study of Acute Stretching on Rabbit Tibial Nerve," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.8, pp. 694-701.

Wayne, J.S., Amiel, D., Kwan, M.K., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Fierer, A., and Meyers, M.H., 1990, "Long-term Storage Effects on Canine Osteochondral Allografts," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.61, pp. 539-545.

Ballock, R.T., Woo, S.L., Lyon, R.M., Hollis, J.M., and Akeson, W.H., 1989, "Use of Patellar Tendon Autograft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Rabbit - A Long Term Histological and Biomechanical Study," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.7, pp. 474-485.

Botte, M.J., Garfin, S.R., Byrne, T.P., Woo, S.L., and Nickel, V.L., 1989, "The Halo Skeletal Fixator: Principles of Application and Maintenance," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.239, pp. 12-18.

Gelberman, R.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1989, "The Physiological Basis for Application of Controlled Stress in the Rehabilitation of Flexor Tendon Injuries," J. of Hand Therapy, vol.2, pp. 66-70.

Gomez, M.A., Woo, S.L., Inoue, M., Amiel, D., Harwood, F.L., and Kitabayashi, L., 1989, "Medial Collateral Ligament Healing Subsequent to Different Treatment Regimens," J. of Applied Physiology, vol.66, pp. 245-252.

Kwan, M.K., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1989, "A Structural Model to Describe the Nonlinear Stress-Strain Behavior for Parallel-Fibered Collagenous Tissues: Technical Brief," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.111, pp. 361-363.

Kwan, M.K., Coutts, R.D., Woo, S.L., and Field, F.P., 1989, "Morphological and Biomechanical Evaluations of Neocartilage from the Repari of Full-Thickness Articular Cartilage Defects Using Rib Perichondrium Autografts: A Long Term Study," J. of Biomechanics, vol.22, pp. 921-930.

Kwan, M.K., Wayne, J.S., Woo, S.L., Field, F.P., Hoover, J., and Meyers, M., 1989, "Histological and Biomechanical Assessment of Articular Cartilage from Stored Osteochondral Shell Allografts," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.7, pp. 637-644.

Lyon, R.M., Woo, S.L., Hollis, J.M., Marcin, J.P., and Lee, E.B., 1989, "A New Device to Measure the Structural Properties of the Femur-Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Tibia Complex," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.111, pp. 350-354.

Triggs, K.J., Ballock, R.T., Lee, T.Q., Woo, S.L., and Garfin, S.R., 1989, "The Effect of Angled Insertion on Halo Pin Fixation," Spine, vol.14, pp. 781-783.

Bean, D.J., Hollis, J.M., Woo, S.L., and Convery, F.R., 1988, "Sustained Pressurization of Polymethylmethacrylate - A Comparison of Low and Moderate Viscosity Bone Cements," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.6, pp. 580-584.

Lee, T.Q., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1988, "A New Method for Determining Cross-sectional Shape and Area of Soft Tissues," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.110, pp. 110-114.

To, S.Y., Kwan, M.K., and Woo, S.L., 1988, "Simultaneous Measurements of Strains in Two Surfaces of Tendons and Ligaments," J. of Biomechanics, vol.21, pp. 511-514.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Gomez, M.A., Inoue, M., and Akeson, W.H., 1987, "New Experimental Procedures to Evaluate the Biomechanical Properties of Healing Canine Medial Collateral Ligaments," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.5, pp. 425-432.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Gomez, M.A., Sites, T., Newton, P.O., Orlando, C.A., and Akeson, W.H., 1987, "The Biomechanical and Morphological Changes of the MCL Following Immobilization and Remobilization," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.69, no.A, pp. 1200-1211.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Hollis, J.M., Roux, R.D., Gomez, M.A., Inoue, M., Kleiner, J.B., and Akeson, W.H., 1987, "The Effects of Knee Flexion on the Structural Properties of the Rabbit Femur-Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Tibia Complex," J. of Biomechanics, vol.20, pp. 557-564.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Inoue, M., McGurk-Burleson, E., and Gomez, M.A., 1987, "Treatment of Medial Collateral Ligament Injury: II. Structure and Function of Canine Knees in Response to Differing Treatment Regimens. The 1986 Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Excellence in Research Award (Sports Science)," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.15, pp. 22-29.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Kwan, M.K., Lee, T.Q., Field, F.P., Kleiner, J.B., and Coutts, R.D., 1987, "Perichondrial Autograft for Articular Cartilage: Shear Modulus of Neocartilage Studies in Rabbits Cartilage Autografts," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.58, pp. 510-515.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Lee, T.Q., Gomez, M.A., Sato, S., and Field, F.P., 1987, "Temperature Dependent Behavior of the Canine Medial Collateral Ligament," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.109, pp. 68-71.

Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Abel, M.F., Garfin, S.R., and Woo, S.L., 1987, "Effects of Immobilization on Joints," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.219, pp. 28-37.

Bean, D.J., Convery, F.R., Woo, S.L., and Lieber, R.L., 1987, "Regional Variation in Shear Strength of the Bone-Polymethylmethacrylate Interface," J. of Arthroplasty, vol.2, pp. 293-298.

Inoue, M., McGurk-Burleson, E., Hollis, J.M., and Woo, S.L., 1987, "Treatment of Medial Collateral Ligament Injury: I. The Importance of ACL on the Varus-Valgus Knee Laxity. The 1986 Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Excellence in Research Award (Sports Science)," Am. J. of Sports Medicine, vol.15, pp. 15-21.

Spiegelman, J.J., and Woo, S.L., 1987, "A Rigid-body Method for Finding Centers of Rotation and Angular Deformation of Planar Joint Motion," J. of Biomechanics, vol.20, pp. 715-721.

Woo, S.L., Orlando, C.A., Camp, J.F., and Akeson, W.H., 1986, "Effects of Postmortem Storage by Freezing on Ligament Tensil Behavior," J. of Biomechanics, vol.19, pp. 399-404.

Woo, S.L., Orlando, C.A., Gomez, M.A., Frank, C.B., and Akeson, W.H., 1986, "Tensile Properties of the Medial Collateral Ligament as a Function of Age," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.4, pp. 133-141.

Convery, F.R., Devine, S.D., Hollis, J.M., and Woo, S.L., 1986, "A Cement Composite Delivery System," Orthopaedic Review, vol.15, pp. 581-585.

Garfin, S.R., Lee, T.Q., Roux, R.D., Silva, F.W., Ballock, R.T., Botte, M.J., Katz, M.M., and Woo, S.L., 1986, "Structural Behavior of the Halo Orthosis Pin-bone Interface: Biomechanical Evaluation of Standard and Newly Designed Stainless Steel Halo Fixation Pins," Spine, vol.11, pp. 977-981.

Garfin, S.R., Roux, R.D., Botte, M.A., Centeno, R., and Woo, S.L., 1986, "Skull Osteology as it Affects Halo Pin Placement in Children," J. of Pediatric Orthopaedics, vol.6, pp. 434-436.

Gelberman, R.H., Manske, P.R., Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L., Lundborg, G., and Amiel, D., 1986, "Flexor Tendon Repair. Elizabeth Winston Lanier Kappa Delta Award Paper for Outstanding Orthopaedic Research," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.4, pp. 119-128.

Peterson, R.H., and Woo, S.L., 1986, "A New Methodology to Determine the Mechanical Properties of Ligaments at High Strain Rates," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.108, pp. 365-367.

Amiel, D., Frey, C., Woo, S.L., Harwood, F.L., and Akeson, W.H., 1985, "Value of Hyaluronic Acid in the Prevention of Contracture Formation," Clnical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.196, pp. 305-311.

Frank, C.B., Amiel, D., Woo, S.L., and Akeson, W.H., 1985, "Normal Ligament Properties and Ligament Healing," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.196, pp. 15-25.

Garfin, S.R., Botte, M.J., Woo, S.L., and Nickel, V.L., 1985, "Reliability after Repeated Use of a Torque Screwdriver Employed for Halo Pin Fixation," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.3, pp. 121-123.

Woo, S.L., and Seguchi, Y., 1984, "Impact of Medical Engineering on Health Sciences," J. of Japanese Society of Mechanical Engineers (printed in Japanese), vol.87, pp. 75-80.

Woo, S.L., Lothringer, K.S., Akeson, W.H., Coutts, R.D., Woo, Y.K., Simon, B.R., and Gomez, M.A., 1984, "Less Rigid Internal Fixation Plates: Historical Perspectives and New Concepts," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.1, pp. 431-449.

Coutts, R.D., Amiel, D., Woo, S.L., Woo, Y.K., and Akeson, W.H., 1984, "Technical Aspects of Perichondrial Grafting in the Rabbit," European Surgical Research, vol.16, pp. 322-328.

Frank, C.B., Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L., Amiel, D., and Coutts, R.D., 1984, "Physiology and Therapeutic Values of Passive Joint Motion," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.185, pp. 113-125.

Simon, B.R., Coats, R.S., and Woo, S.L., 1984, "Relaxation and Creep Quasi-linear Viscoelastic Models for Normal Articular Cartilage," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.106, pp. 159-164.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1983, "Biomechanics of Soft Tissues," Resources for Basic Science Educators, Am. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Committee on Basic Sciences, Monterey, CA, pp. 223-238.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1983, "Internal Fixation Plates for Fracture Management - New Design Concepts. Elizabeth Winston Lanier Kappa Delta Award Paper for Outstanding Orthopaedic Research."

Woo, S.L., 1983, "Biomechanics of Soft Tissues," Resources for Basic Science Educators, Am. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Committee on Basic Science, pp. 223-238.

Woo, S.L., Gomez, M.A., Seguchi, Y., Endo, C., and Akeson, W.H., 1983, "Measurement of Mechanical Properties of Ligament Substance from a Bone-Ligament-Bone Preparation," J. of Orthopaedic Research, vol.1, pp. 22-29.

Woo, S.L., Simon, B.R., Akeson, W.H., Gomez, M.A., and Seguchi, Y., 1983, "A New Approach to the Design of Internal Fixation Plates," J. of Biomedical Materials Research, vol.17, pp. 427-439.

Frank, C.B., Woo, S.L., Amiel, D., Harwood, F.L., Gomez, M.A., and Akeson, W.H., 1983, "Medial Collateral Ligament Healing: A Multidisciplinary Assessment in Rabbits. Am. Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Excellence in Basic Science Award Paper," J. of Sports Medicine, vol.11, pp. 379-389.

Gomez, M.A., Woo, S.L., and Coutts, R.D., 1983, "A New Femoral Component Design Based on the Trabecular Systems of the Proximal Femur," Biomaterials, Medical Devices and Artificial Organs, vol.11, pp. 39-50.

Woo, S.L., 1982, "Mechanical Properties of Tendons and Ligaments - I. Quasi-static and Nonlinear Viscoelastic Properties," Biorheology, vol.19, pp. 385-396.

Woo, S.L., Gomez, M.A., Woo, Y.K., and Akeson, W.H., 1982, "Mechanical Properties of Tendons and Ligaments - II. The Relationship of Immobilization and Exercise on Tissue Remodeling," Biorheology, vol.19, pp. 397-408.

Amiel, D., Woo, S.L., Harwood, F.L., and Akeson, W.H., 1982, "The Effect of Immobilization on Collagen Turnover in Connective Tissue: A Biochemical-Biomechanical Correlation," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.53, pp. 325-332.

Coutts, R.D., Woo, S.L., Boyer, J., Doty, D., Gonsalves, M., Amiel, D., and Akeson, W.H., 1982, "The Effect of Delayed Internal Fixation on Healing of the Osteotomized Dog Radius," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.163, pp. 254-260.

Gelberman, R.H., Woo, S.L., Lothringer, K., Akeson, W.H., and Amiel, D., 1982, "Effects of Early Intermittent Passive Mobilization on Healing Canine Flexor Tendons," J. of Hand Surgery, vol.7, pp. 170-175.

Woo, S.L., 1981, "The Relationship of Changes in Stress Levels on Long Bone Remodeling," ASME - AMD, vol.45, pp. 107-129.

Woo, S.L., Gelberman, R.H., Cobb, N.G., Amiel, D., Lothringer, K., and Akeson, W.H., 1981, "The Importance of Controlled Passive Mobilization on Flexor Tendon Healing: A Biomechanical Study," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.52, pp. 615-622.

Woo, S.L., Gomez, M.A., Amiel, D., Ritter, M.A., Gelberman, R.H., and Akeson, W.H., 1981, "The Effects of Exercise on the Biomechanical and Biochemical Properties of Swine Digital Flexor Tendons," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.103, pp. 51-56.

Woo, S.L., Gomez, M.A., and Akeson, W.H., 1981, "The Time and History-Dependent Viscoelastic Properties of Canine Medial Collateral Ligament," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.103, pp. 293-298.

Woo, S.L., Kuei, S.C., Amiel, D., Gomez, M.A., Hayes, W.C., White, F., and Akeson, W.H., 1981, "The Effect of Prolonged Physical Training on the Properties of Long Bones: A Study of Wolff's Law," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.63, no.A, pp. 780-787.

Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1981, "Cartilage Architecture: Its Functional Relevance," IV Resources for Basic Science Educators, Am. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Committee on Basic Sciences, San Diego, CA, pp. 153-161.

Bluel, K.E., Saul, T.A., Lentz, D.J., and Woo, S.L., 1981, "Evaluation of Reconstituted Collagen Tape as a Model for Chemically Modified Soft Tissues," Biomaterials, Medical Devices and Artificial Organs, vol.9, pp. 37-46.

Garfin, S.C., Tipton, C.M., Mubarak, S.J., Woo, S.L., Hargens, A.R., and Akeson, W.H., 1981, "Role of Fascia in Maintenance of Muscle Tension and Pressure," J. of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology, vol.51, pp. 317-320.

Gelberman, R.H., Amiel, D., Gonsalves, M., Woo, S.L., and Akeson, W.H., 1981, "The Influence of Protected Passive Mobilization on the Healing of Flexor Tendons: A Biochemical and Microangiographic Study," The Hand, vol.13, pp. 120-128.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Akeson, W.H., 1980, "Long Bone Fractures and Internal Fixation - Biomechanical Considerations," III Resources for Basic Science Educators, Am. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Committee on Basic Sciences, Hilton Head Islands, SC, pp. 68-86.

Woo, S.L., 1980, "Biorheology of Soft Tissues - The Need for Interdisciplinary Studies," Biorheology, vol.17, pp. 39-43.

Woo, S.L., Ritter, M.A., Amiel, D., Sanders, T.M., Gomez, M.A., Kuei, S.C., Garfin, S.R., and Akeson, W.H., 1980, "The Biomechanical and Biochemical Properties of Swine Tendons - Long Term Effects of Exercise on the Digital Extensors," Connective Tissue Research, vol.7, pp. 177-183.

Woo, S.L., Simon, B.R., Kuei, S.C., and Akeson, W.H., 1980, "Quasi-linear Viscoelastic Properties of Normal Articular Cartilage," J. of Biomechanical Engineering, vol.102, pp. 85-90.

Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., and Woo, S.L., 1980, "Immobility Effects on Synovial Joints: the Pathomechanics of Joint Contracture," Biorheology, vol.17, pp. 95-110.

Akeson, W.H., Coutts, R.D., and Woo, S.L., 1980, "Principles of Less Rigid Internal Fixation with Plates," Canadian J. of Surgery, vol.23, pp. 235-239.

Danzig, L.A., Woo, S.L., Akeson, W.H., Jemmott, G.F., and Wickham, M.G., 1980, "Internal Fixation Plates after Fifty-Six Years of Implantation - Report of a Case," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.149, pp. 201-206.

Sutherland, D.H., Olshen, R.A., Cooper, L., and Woo, S.L., 1980, "The Development of Mature Gait," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.62, no.A, pp. 336-353.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1979, "Response of Soft Tissue to Loading. Instructional course material on Orthopaedic Biomechanics," The Hospital for Special Surgery and Cornell University Medical School, New York, NY, pp. 1-41.

Woo, S.L., Lubock, P., Gomez, M.A., Jemmott, G.F., and Akeson, W.H., 1979, "Large Deformation Nonhomogeneous and Directional Properties of Articular Cartilage in Uniaxial Tension," J. of Biomechanics, vol.12, pp. 437-446.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1978, "Effect of Mechanical Environment on Fracture Healing," Resources for Basic Science Educators, Am. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Committee on Basic Sciences, Lecture BB, Syllabus and Slides, Monterey, CA, pp. 1-18.

Simon, B.R., Woo, S.L., McCarty, M.P., Lee, S., and Akeson, W.H., 1978, "Parametric Study of Bone Remodeling Beneath Internal Fixation Plates of Varying Stiffness," J. of Bioengineering, vol.2, pp. 543-556.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Simon, B.R., Akeson, W.H., and McCarty, M.P., 1977, "An Interdisciplinary Approach to Evaluate the Effect of Internal Fixation Plate on Long Bone Remodeling," J. of Biomechanics, vol.10, pp. 87-95.

Woo, S.L., and Akeson, W.H., 1977, "Material Requirements for Orthopaedic Implants.," Resources for Basic Science Educators, Am. Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Committee on Basic Sciences, Lecture U, Syllabus and Slides, Nantucket, MA, pp. 1-14.

Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Amiel, D., and Doty, D.H., 1977, "Rapid Recovery from Contracture in Rabbit Hindlimb: A Correlative Biomechanical and Biochemical Study," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.122, pp. 359-365.

Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L., Ghosh, P., Bushell, G.R., and Taylor, T.K., 1977, "Biomechanics and Biochemistry of the Intervertebral Discs: The Need for Correlation Studies," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.129, pp. 133-140.

Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Mechanic, G.L., Woo, S.L., Harwood, F.L., and Hamer, M.L., 1977, "Collagen Cross-linking Alterations in Joint Contractures: Changes in the Reducible Cross-links in Periarticular Connective Tissue Collagen after Nine Weeks of Immobilization," Connective Tissue Research, vol.5, pp. 15-19.

Simon, B.R., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Stanley, G.F., Olmstead, S.R., McCarty, M.P., Jemmott, F.G., and Akeson, W.H., 1977, "Evaluation of One-, Two-, and Three-Dimensional Finite Element and Experimental Models of Internal Fixation Plates," J. of Biomechanics, vol.10, pp. 79-86.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Akeson, W.H., and Jemmott, G.F., 1976, "Measurements of Nonhomogeneous, Directional Mechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage in Tension," J. of Biomechanics, vol.9, pp. 785-791.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Akeson, W.H., Coutts, R.D., Rutherford, L., Doty, D., Jemmott, G., and Amiel, D., 1976, "A Comparison of Cortical Bone Atrophy Secondary to Fixation with Plates With Large Differences in Bending Stiffness," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.58, no.A, pp. 190-195.

Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Amiel, D., Doty, D., and Rutherford, L.D., 1976, "The Value of 17B-oestradiol in Prevention of Contracture Formation," Annals of Rheumatic Diseases, vol.35, pp. 429-436.

Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Rutherford, L., Coutts, R.D., Gonsalves, M., and Amiel, D., 1976, "The Effects of Rigidity of Internal Fixation Plates on Long Bone Remodeling: A Biomechanical and Quantitative Histological Study," Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.47, pp. 241-249.

Convery, F.R., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., and Malcolm, L.L., 1976, "Experimental Hemarthrosis in the Knee of the Mature Canine," Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol.19, pp. 59-67.

Coutts, R.E., Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Matthews, J.T., Gonsalves, M., and Amiel, D., 1976, "Comparison of Stainless Steel and Composite Plates in the Healing of Diaphyseal Osteotomies of the Dog Radius-Report on a Short Term Study," Orthopaedic Clinic of North America, vol.7, pp. 223-229.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Akeson, W.H., Amiel, D., Convery, F.R., and Matthews, J.V., 1975, "Connective Tissue Response to Immobility: Correlative Study of the Biomechanical Measurements of Normal and Immobilized Rabbit Knees," Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol.18, pp. 257-264.

Akeson, W., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Coutts, R., Matthews, J., Gonsalves, M., and Amiel, D., 1975, "Quantitative Histological Evaluation of Early Fracture Healing of Cortical Bones Immobilized by Stainless Steel and Composite Plates," Calcified Tissue Research, vol.19, pp. 27-37.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Akeson, W.H., Levenetz, B.L., Coutts, R.D., Matthews, J.V., and Amiel, D., 1974, "Potential Application of Graphite Fiber and Methyl Methacrylate Resin Composites as Internal Fixation Plates," J. of Biomedical Materials Research, vol.8, pp. 321-338.

Woo, S.L., and Akeson, W.H., 1974, "The Use of Fibrous Composite Plates for Fixation of Osteotomized Canine Radii," Proc. of 14th Annual Symposium of New Mexico Section of ASME, pp. 10-18.

Akeson, W., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Amiel, D., and Matthews, J., 1974, "Biomechanical and Biochemical Changes in the Periarticular Connective Tissue During Contracture Development in the Immobilized Rabbit Knee," Connective Tissue Research, vol.2, pp. 315-323.

Akeson, W.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1974, "The Use of Fibrous Composite Plates for Fixation of Osteotomized Canine Radii," Proceedings of the 14th Annual Symposium of New Mexico Section of ASME, pp. 10-18.

Akeson, W.H., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Amiel, D., Coutts, R.D., and Daniel, D., 1973, "The Connective Tissue Response to Immobility: Biochemical Changes in Periarticular Connective Tissue of Immobilized Rabbit Knee," Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.93, pp. 356-362.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Kobayashi, A.S., Lawrence, C., and Schlegel, W., 1972, "A Mathematical Model of the Corneo-Scleral Shell as Applied to Intraocular Pressure-Volume Relations and Applanation Tonometry," Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.1, pp. 89-98.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., Kobayashi, A.S., Schlegel, W., and Lawrence, C., 1972, "Nonlinear Mechanical Properties of Intact Cornea and Sclera," Experimental Eye Research, vol.14, pp. 29-39.

Coletti, J.M., Akeson, W.H., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1972, "A Comparison of the Physical Behavior of Normal Articular Cartilage and the Arthroplasty Surface," J. of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.54, no.A, pp. 147-160.

Woo, S.L., and Kobayashi, A.S., 1971, "Structural Analysis of a Corneo-Scleral Shell."

Kobayashi, A.S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., Lawrence, C., and Schlegel, W.A., 1971, "Analysis of Corneo-Scleral Shell by the Method of Direct Stiffness," J. of Biomechanics, vol.4, pp. 323-330.

Kobayashi, A.S., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1971, "Analysis of Biological Structures. Recent Advances in Matrix Methods in Structural Analysis and Design," The University of Alabama Press, pp. 837-853.

Wiederhielm, C.A., Kobayashi, A.S., Stromberg, D.D., and Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1968, "Structural Response of Relaxed and Constricted Arterioles," J. of Biomechanics, vol.1, pp. 259-270.

Kobayashi, A.S., Woo, S.L.-.Y., and Shah, R.C., 1967, "Plane-Stress, Elastic-Plastic States in the Vicinity of Crack Tips," NASA CR, vol.772.

1966, "Elastic-Plastic Analysis in the Vicinity of a Crack Tip. M.S. Thesis.."

Woo, S.L., Debski, R.E., Mcmahon, P.J., and Lee, T.Q., "Shoulder Instability," 3rd World Congress on Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Abramowitch, S.D., Clineff, T.D., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L., "An Experimental and Analytical Evaluation of the Non-linear Viscoelastic Properties of the Healing Medial Collateral Ligament in a Goat Model (IMECE2003-43075)," 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Washington, D.C..

Abramowitch, S.D., Redfern, M., Debski, R.E., Almarza, A.J., Borovetz, H.S., and Woo, S.L., "Intramural Research Internship: A Requirement of the Undergraduate Bioengineering Curriculum at the University of Pittsburgh (Paper No. AC 2008-1121)," American Society for Engineering Education, Pittsburgh, PA.

Bechtold, S.J., Drcy, S.P., Woo, S.L., and Debski, R.E., "Repeatability of Establishing Anatomical Coordinate Systems and the Initial Configuration of the Knee (IMECE2004-59781)," 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Anaheim, CA.

Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Woo, S.L., and Mcmahon, P.J., "Glenohumeral Instability is only Partially Restored After Repair of the Type II Slap Lesion," 18th Annual Meeting, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons, Napa, CA.

Burkart, A., Debski, R.E., Rudy, T.W., Mcmahon, P.J., Woo, S.L., and Fu, F.H., "A Method to Determine Precision and Repeatability of Tunnel Placement for ACL Reconstruction: Acomparison of Robotic and Traditional Techniques," Computer-aided Orthopaedic Surgery USA 2000, p. 141, Pittsburgh, PA.

Burkart, A., Musahl, V., van Scyoc, A., Debski, R.E., Mcmahon, P.J., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "ACL-tunnel Placement with the CASPAR System: A Cadaver Study of accuracy," 2nd International Symposium on Ligaments and Tendons, Stanford, CA.

Darcy, S.P., Gil, J.E., Woo, S.L., and Debski, R.E., "The Effect of Position and Path Repeatability on Biomechanical Testing of Diarthrodial Joints (IMECE2003-43053)," 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Washington, DC.

Darcy, S.P., Kilger, R., Woo, S.L., and Debski, R.E., "Estimation of ACL Forces Utilizing a Novel Non-Invasive Methodology That Reproduces Knee Kinematics Between Sets of Knees (IMECE2003-43090)," 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Washington, DC.

Debski, R.E., Darcy, S., Gil, J.E., Fisk, J., and Woo, S.L., "Development of a High Payload Testing System to Study Joint Kinematics and Forces (Paper No. 983)," IV World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

Debski, R.E., Fisher, M.B., Jolly, J.T., and Woo, S.L., "Use of Robotic Technology at the MSRC: Technical Challenges," International Symposium on Robotic Applications in Biomechanics, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

Debski, R.E., Liu, Z., and Woo, S.L., "The Use of Robotics in Biomechanics: Future Directions (Paper No. 5089)," IV World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

Debski, R.E., Vangura, A., Fenwick, J., Woo, S.L., and Fu, F.H., "Role of the Coracoclavicular Ligament in AC Joint Stability: A Validated Computational Approach," 2001 Bioengineering Conference, pp. 47-48, Snowbird, UT.

Debski, R.E., Vangura, A., Fenwick, J., Woo, S.L., and Fu, F.H., "Validation of a Computational Approach to Examine Stability of the AC Joint," 2nd International Symposium on Ligaments and Tendons, p. 24, Stanford, CA.

Fukuda, Y., Tsuda, E., Loh, J., Debski, R.E., Woo, S.L., and Fu, F.H., "Rotational Center of Tibial Axis at the Knee in Response to a Valgus Torque," Japanese Clinical Biomechanics, Osaka, Japan.

Loh, J.C., Steadman, J.R., Fu, F.H., Debski, R.E., Tsuda, E., Fukuda, Y., and Woo, S.L., "Does Femoral Tunnel Position Improve Knee Stability in ACL Reconstruction? (Paper No. 0174)," 48th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Dallas, TX.

Moore, S.M., Gabriel, M.T., Thomas, M., Zeminski, J., Woo, S.L., and Debski, R.E., "The Effect of Accuracy of Various Measuring Devices on Recorded Joint Kinematics (IMECE2004-61551)," 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Anaheim, CA.

Moore, S.M., Gabriel, M.T., Zeminski, J., Woo, S.L., and Debski, R.E., "Joint Kinematics are Significantly Affected by the Location of Tracking Device Sensors," 2004 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Meeting, p. 1139, Philadelphia, PA.

Moore, S.M., Thomas, M., Gabriel, M.T., Zeminski, J., Woo, S.L., and Debski, R.E., "Reproducing the Motion of a Diarthrodial Joint During a Clinical Examination using Robotic Technology. (IMECE2003-43074)," 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Washington, D.C..

Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S.D., Gabriel, M., Debski, R.E., Hertel, P., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Kreuzbandersatzplastik in B-PT-B Press-Fit Verankerung," Zyklische Belastungsversuche im Ziegenmodel, Berlin, Germany.

Musahl, V., Abramowitch, S.D., Watanabe, Y., Gabriel, M., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Tensile Properties of an ACL Graft after Press-Fit Fixation," ACL Study Group, Big Sky, MO.

Musahl, V., Burkart, A., VanScyoc, A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Vergleich der arthroskopischen versus roboterassistierten VKB-Tunnel platzierung mit dem CASPAR System," DGU, Berlin, Germany.

Ning, X., Kilger, R., Thomas, M., Moon, D.K., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L., "Subject-Specific Kinematics Modeling of Recruitment Patterns of Human ACL Bundle Fibers," 2004 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Meeting, p. 450, Philadelphia, PA.

Rudy, T.W., Debski, R.E., Sakane, M., and Woo, S.L., "Effect of the Location of Applied Anterior Tibial Loads on the Kinematics of the ACL-deficient Knee," 2nd International Symposium on Ligaments and Tendons, Standford, California, p. 13, Stanford, CA.

Song, Y., Debski, R.E., Musahl, V., Thomas, M., Gabriel, M., Gil, J., and Woo, S.L., "Stress Distribution within the Anteromedial and Posterolateral Bundles of ACL under Anterior Tibial Load (Session I - Paper No. 6)," 10th Annual Symposium on Computational Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics, Dallas, TX.

Song, Y., Debski, R.E., Thomas, M., and Woo, S.L., "Force and Stress Distribution of the ACL is Affected by the ACL Wrapping Around the Femoral Condyle under Anterior Tibial Load (Paper No. 801)," 49th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA.

Thomas, M., Moore, S.M., Takakura, Y., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L., "Can Assessing the 6-degree of Freedom Kinematics of the Knee during the Anterior Drawer Test Improve Clinical Diagnosis of a Partially Torn Anterior Cruciate Ligament," 2003 ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, pp. 455-56, Key Biscayne, FL.

Thomas, M., Moore, S.M., Takakura, Y., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L., "Can Assessing the 6-Degree of Freedom Kinematics of the Knee during the Noulis-Lachman Test Improve Clinical Diagnosis of a Partially Torn Anterior Cruciate Ligament? (Paper No. 125)," 49th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA.

Thompson, W.O., Debski, R.E., Mcmahon, P.J., Warner, J., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Muscle Forces and Tendon Excursions for Glenohumeral Abduction in the Scapular Plane," Resident Paper Competition, Pennsylvania Orthopaedic Society, Pittsburgh, PA.

Tsuda, E., Fukuda, Y., Debski, R.E., Fy, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Graft Fixation Technique Affects Graft-Tunnel Motion in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction during a Simulated Clinical Exam," Orthopaedic Research Society, p. 394, San Francisco, CA.

van Scyoc, A.H., Plakseychuk, A.Y., Musahl, V., Sasaki, T., Castner, C.J., Debski, R.E., Mcmahon, P.J., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Femoral Tunnel Position Affects ACL Graft Function: A Cadaveric Study Using Two Robots (Paper No. 1290)," 49th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA.

Watanabe, Y., Tsuda, E., Debski, R.E., van Scyoc, A., and Woo, S.L., "Does Partial Meniscectomy Affect Knee Instability? (Paper No. 0073)," 48th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Dallas, TX.

Wong, E.K., Yagi, M., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "In-Situ Force in the Bundles of the ACL During the Simulated Pivot Shift Test," International Symposium on Ligaments and Tendons, p. 35, Orlando, FL.

Yagi, M., Wong, E., Kanamori, A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Anatomical ACL Reconstruction Produces a Better Functional Result," American Orthopaedic Society of Sports Medicine, p. 173, San Francisco, CA.

Yagi, M., Wong, E.K., Kanamori, A., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Anatomical ACL Reconstruction Produces a Better Functional Result," 9th Congress European Society of Sports, Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy, p. 39, London, UK.

Yamamoto, Y., Hsu, W.H., van Scyoc, A.H., Takakura, Y., Debski, R.E., and Woo, S.L., "Can a More Laterally Placed Single-Bundle ACL Reconstruction Restore Normal Knee Function? (Paper No.238)," 50th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, San Fancisco, CA.

Zeminski, J., Gabriel, M.T., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "Development and Validation of an Approach to Record and Reproduce Kinematics (Paper No. 991)," IV World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

Zeminski, J., Kanamori, A., Yagi, M., Debski, R.E., Fu, F.H., and Woo, S.L., "A Biomechanical Evaluation of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in Response to Rotational Loads," 2000 American Society of Mechanical Engineers - International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, p. 7, Orlando, FL.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2013, "Keynote Lecture," 13th Society for Tennis Medicine and Science (STMS) World Congress, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2013, "Keynote Lecture," 6th WACBE World Congress on Bioengineering, Beijing, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2013, "Keynote Lecture," Taiwan Orthopaedic Research Society (TORS), Taiwan, Taipei.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2013, "Opening Lecture," Beihang University Summer School, Beijing, China.

2013, "Keynote Lecture," European Workshop of Ligaments and Tendons (EWL&T), Arezzo, Italy.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2012, "Keynote Lecture," BME Grodins Keynote Lecture, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2012, "Plenary Lecture," 97th Congress of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Rome, Italy.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2012, "Theme Keynote Lecture," 2012 EMBS International Conference, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, San Diego, California.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "Albert Kobayashi & Jim Morrison Endowed Lectureship in Mechanical Engineering," University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "Keynote Lecture," Australian Knee Society, Inaugural Melbourne Knee Fellowship Scientific Conference, Melbourne, Australia.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2011, "Plenary Lecture," 5th WACBE World Congress on Bioengineering, Tainan, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2010, "Highlight Lecture," 14th ESSKA Congress, Oslo, Norway.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2010, "Keynote Lecture," 1st Taizhou Orthopaedic Summit, Taizhou, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2010, "Keynote Lecture," 2nd International Symposium on Orthopaedic Translational Research, Shanghai, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2010, "Keynote Lecture," Sports Rehabilitation Symposium, Hong Kong, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2010, "Keynote Lecture," UCLA / Orthopaedic Hospital Research Day, Los Angeles, California.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2009, "Keynote Lecture," AOSSM Grant Workshop, Keystone, Colorado.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2009, "Keynote Lecture," Dedication of Garcia Cugat Foundation for Biomedical Research, Barcelona, Spain.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2009, "Keynote Lecture," International Symposium on the Frontiers in Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2009, "Plenary Lecture," National Health Research Institutes Research Symposium, Zhunan, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2009, "Plenary Lecture," World Congress on Biomedical Engineering 2009, Hong Kong, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2009, "Presidential Lecture," National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2008, "Keynote Lecture," 2008 International Convention on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport, Guangzhou, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2008, "Plenary Lecture," 7th Asian-Pacific Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, Beijing, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2008, "Serena Yang Endowed Lecture," Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2008, Biomechanics: From Genomics to Disease. Tributes to Yuan-Cheng Fung on his 90th Birthday, San Diego, California.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2007, "Highlight Lecture," 6th Biennial ISAKOS Congress, Florence, Italy.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2007, "Keynote Lecture," Dedication of Nicola Foundation, Arezzo, Italy.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2007, "Opeining Lecture," WACBE World Congress on Bioengineering, Bangkok, Thailand.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2007, "Opening Lecture," International Society of Biomechanics XXI, Taipei, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2007, "President Distinguished Lecture," National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "Invited Lecture," 12th ESSKA Congress, Innsbruck, Austria.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "Keynote Lecture," International Tissue Engineering Conference, Wuerzburg, Germany.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "Plenary Lecture," FIMS World Congress of Sports Medicine, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2006, "Plenary Lecture," The Team Physician and New Horizons Symposium, Isparta, Turkey.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Keynote Lecture," 9th Annual International Conference of Orthopedics, Biomechanics and Sports Rehabilitation, Perugia, Italy.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Keynote Lecture," Society for Tennis Medicine and Science Congress, Indian Wells, California.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Plenary Lecture," 32nd Japanese Society of Clinical Biomechanics, Sapporo, Japan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Plenary Lecture," 5th International Symposium on Ligaments and Tendons, Washington, DC.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Plenary Lecture," Italian Society of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Florence, Italy.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Presidential Guest Speaker," 31st Annual Meeting of the Herodicus Society, Vail, Colorado.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Presidential Lecture," Japanese Ortopedic Society of Sports Medicine, Nara, Japan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2005, "Theme Keynote Lecture," IEEE/Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Shanghai, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "Distinguished Lecture," Henry Samueli School of Engineering - University of California, Irvine.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "Keynote Lecture," 250th Anniversary, Columbia University, New York, New York.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "Plenary Lecture," 2nd World Congress of Chinese Biomedical Engineers, Beijing, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "Plenary Lecture," IEEE/Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, San Francisco, California.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2004, "Presidential Lecture," FIMS World Congress of Sports Medicine, Muscat, Oman.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Keynote Lecture," Opening Ceremonies of the VII IOC World Congress, Athens, Greece.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Keynote Lecture," The Cutting Edge, Joint Conference of the British Association of Sports and Exercise Medicine and the British Association of Sports and Exercise Science, Sheffield, England.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Plenary Lecture," 4th Bienniel ISAKOS Congress, Auckland, New Zeland.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Presidential Lecture," Asia-Pacific Orthopaedic Association, Taipei, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Richard Skalak Colloquium Visiting Professorship," Columbia University of New York, New York.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2003, "Visiting Professorship and Lecture Series," Chang Gung Memorial Hosptials, Kaohsiung, Chiayi, Linko, and Keelung, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "Plenary Lecture," The Bio-Era: New Frontiers, New Challenges, International Congress on Biological and Medical Engineering, Singapore.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "Presidential Lecture," 17th Annual Research Meeting of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association, Aomori, Japan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2002, "Presidential Lecture," 5th World Congress on Tennis Medicine and Science, Stockholm, Sweden.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "Hollingsworth Endowed Lectureship in Engineering," University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2001, "Keynote Lecture," 3rd European Congress of Sports Medicine and Science in Tennis, Barcelone, Spain.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Plenary Lecture," - International Society of Biomechanics in Sports, Hong Kong, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Plenary Lecture," XVIII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports, Hong Kong, China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 2000, "Presidential Lecture," 73rd Annual Meeting of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association, Kobe, Japan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Distinguished Lecture in Biomechanical Engineering," Stanford University, Stanford, California.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Keynote Lecture," 5th IOC World Congress on Sport Sciences, Sydney, Australia.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Opening Ceremony," International Society of Biomechanics, Calgary, Canada.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1999, "Presidential Lecture," 46th Annual Meeting American College of Sports Medicine, Seattle Washington.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1998, "Johnson & Johnson Keynote Lecture," - National Athletic Trainers' Association Annual Meeting and Clincal Symposium, Baltimore, Maryland.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1997, "Distinguished Keynote Lecture," Formosa Society of Biomechanics Combined Annual Meeting of FSB/ORS, Raipei, Taiwan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "Presidential Guest Speaker and Honorary Membership," The Combined Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society and the Annual Canadian Association Meeting, Montreal, Canada.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1993, "The Albert B. Ferguson, Jr. Endowed Chair Inaugural Lecture," University of Pittsburgh, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1992, "World Renowned Foreign Scholars Lectureship Award," National Science Council, Department of State, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1991, "Frymoyer Lecturer," University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1987, "Opening Lecture," Inaugural Meeting of Bioengineering Division, Japanese Society of Mechanical Engineers, Tokyo, Japan.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1984, "Keynote Lecturer," 4th European Society of Biomechanics, Davos, Switzerland.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., 1983, "Visiting Lecturer Award," Alberta Heritage Medical Research Foundation.

Woo, S.L.-.Y., "Wartenweiler Memorial Lecture," 11th Int'l Congress of Int'l Society of Biomechanics, Amsterdam.

Woo, S.L., "Over 900 lectures have been delivered to academic institutions, industry and conferences both nationally and internationally. The international communities include: Asia:China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Australia, New Zeala."

Woo, S.L., "Compatible Internal Bone Fixation Plate," 4403606.

Woo, S.L., "Two Point Seven Acrylic Bone Cement."

Woo, S.L.-.Y., "Metallic and Extracellular Matrix Bioscaffolds for Regneration of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament," 61773435.

Publication   Role
Journal of Biomechanics
 
Editorial Advisory Board 
Journal of Orthopaedic Science (Japan)
Editorial Advisory Board 
American Journal of Sports Medicine
Editorial Board 
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research (Taiwan, Republic of China)
Editorial Board

Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology (Singapore)
Editorial Board
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Biomechanics 
Editorial Board 
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery (Hong Kong, SAR China)
Editorial Board 
Journal of Orthopaedics, Translational Research & Clinical Application (Italy)
Editorial Board
World Journal of Orthopaedics (People’s Republic of China)                        
Editorial Board 
Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal (England)
Editorial Board