Pitt | Swanson Engineering
Prof. Scott Mao
Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science
Mao, Scott
Office: 538D Benedum Hall
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PhD in Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, Tohoku University, 1988

M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering, Tohoku University, 1985

B.Sc. in Solid Mechanics, Beijing University of Aeronautics, 1982

Energy materials for li battery

In-situ transmission electron microscope on deformation and fracture

Interfacial materials

Metallic glass and semiconductor nanowires

Metallic nanowires

Nanocrystalline materials

Nanoscale materials

(2006) Chancellor's Distinguished Research Award.

(2005) William Kepler Whiteford Professor.

(2004) Chinese Overseas Young Outstanding Award B.

(2002) Exemplary Service Award (TMS).

(1999) Leighton E. & Mary N. Orr Faculty Fellow.

(1997) Department Research Excellence Award.

(1997) UC Faculty Research Excellence Award.

(1993) Engineering Students' Society Teaching Excellence Award.

(1993) Students' Union Teaching Excellence Award.

(1991) Esso Research Excellence Award.

Lu, Y., Tu, J.P., Xiong, Q.Q., Qiao, Y.Q., Wang, X.L., Gu, C.D., and Mao, S.X., 2012, "Synthesis of dinickel phosphide (Ni2P) for fast lithium-ion transportation: A new class of nanowires with exceptionally improved electrochemical performance as a negative electrode," RSC Adv, vol.2, p. 3430.

Lu, Y., Tu, J.P., Xiong, Q.Q., Qiao, Y.Q., Zhang, J., Wang, X.L., Gu, C.D., and Mao, S.X., 2012, "Carbon-Decorated Single-Crystalline Ni2P Nanotubes Derived from Ni Nanowires Templates: A High-Performance Material for Li-ion Battery Applications," Chem. Eur. J., vol.18, pp. 6031-6038.

Lu, Y., Tu, J.P., Xiong, Q.Q., Xiang, J.Y., Mai, Y.J., Zhang, J., Qiao, Y., Wang, X.L., Gu, C.D., and Mao, S.X., 2012, "Controllable Synthesis of Monophase Nickel Phosphide-Carbon (Ni5P4/C) Composite Electrode via Wet-Chemistry and Solid-State Reaction for the Anode in Lithium Secondary Batteries," Adv. Funct. Mater.

Mao, S., 2011, "In-situ TEM on plastic deformation of metallic nanowires," TMS fall meeting.

Mao, S.X., 2011, "Plasticity in nanowires," Plasticity, Mexico.

Huang, J., Zheng, H., Mao, S.X., Li, Q., and Wang, G., 2011, "In Situ Nanomechanics of GaN Nanowires," Nano Lett, no.11, pp. 1618-1622.

Liu, L., Wang, J., Gong, S., and Mao, S.X., 2011, "High resolution transmission electron microscope observation of zero-strain deformation twinning mechanisms in Ag," Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.106, p. 175504.

Liu, X.H., Zheng, H., Zhong, L., Huang, S., Karki, K., Zhang, L.Q., Liu, Y., Kushima, A., Liang, W.T., Wang, J.W., Cho, J.H., Epstein, E., Dayeh, S.A., Picraux, S.T., Zhu, T., Li, J., Sullivan, J.P., Cumings, J., Wang, C.S., Mao, S.X., Ye, Z.Z., Zhang, S.L., and Huang, J.Y., 2011, "Ultrafast Electrochemical Lithiation of Individual Si Nanowire Anodes," Nano. Lett.

Liu, X.H., Zhong, L., Zhang, L.Q., Kushima, A., Mao, S.X., Li, J., Ye, Z.Z., Sullivan, J.P., and Huang, J.Y., 2011, "Lithium fiber growth on the anode in a nanowire lithium ion battery during charging," Appl. Phys. Lett, no.98, p. 183107.

Liu, Y., Zheng, H., Liu, X.H., Huang, S., Zhu, T., Wang, J.W., Kushima, A., Hudak, N.S., Huang, X., Zhang, S.L., Mao, S.X., Qian, X.F., Li, J., and Huang, J.Y., 2011, "Lithiation-Induced Embrittlement of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes," ACS Nano.

Lu, Y., Tu, J.P., Gu, C.D., Xia, X.H., Wang, X.L., and Mao, S.X., 2011, ", Growth of and methanol electro-oxidation by gold nanowires with high density stacking faults," J. Mater. Chem, no.21, pp. 4843-4849.

Zhang, L.Q., Liu, X.H., Liu, Y., Huang, S., Zhu, T., Gui, L.J., Mao, S.X., Ye, Z.Z., Wang, C.M., Sullivan, J.P., and Huang, J.Y., 2011, "Controlling the Lithiation-Induced Strain and Charging Rate in Nanowire Electrodes by Coating," ACS Nano, no.5, p. 4800.

Zhong, L., Liu, X.H., Wang, C.M., Wang, G.F., Mao, S.X., and Huang, J.Y., 2011, "Multiple-stripe lithiation mechanism of individual SnO2 nanowires in a flooding geometry," Phys. Rev. Lett.

Mao, S.X., 2010, "In-situ TEM on dynamic process of deformation," TMS fall.

Mao, S.X., 2010, "Superplasticity of nanosized metallic glasses," TMS annual.

Huang, J.Y., Zhong, L., Wang, C.M., Sullivan, J.P., Xu, W., Zhang, L.Q., Mao, S.X., Hudak, N., Liu, X., Subramanian, A., Fan, H.Y., Qi, L., Kushima, A., and Li, J., 2010, "Real time observation of the charging process of a single SnO2 nanowire anode in a Li-ion nanobattery," Science, vol.330, p. 1515.

Li, B., Sui, M., and Mao, S.X., 2010, "Pseudoelastic stacking fault and deformation twinning in nanocrystalline Ni," Applied Physics Letters, vol.97, p. 24.

Luo, J.H., Wu, F.F., Huang, J.Y., Wang, J.Q., and Mao, S.X., 2010, "Superelongation and Atomic Chain Formation in Nanosized Metallic Glass," PRL, vol.104, p. 215503.

Nie, A., Wang, P., Wang, H., and Mao, S.X., 2010, "Defect-driven room-temperature coalescence of double-walled carbon nanotubes," Nanotechnology, vol.21, p. 245302.

Zheng, H., Cao, A., Weinberger, C.R., Huang, J., Du, D., Ma, Y., Xia, Y., and Mao, S.X., 2010, "Discrete plasticity in sub-ten-nanometer-sized Au crystals," Nature Communication.

Zheng, K., Wang, C., Shan, Z., Yue, Y., Han, X., Zhang, Z., Mao, S.X., Ye, M., Yin, Y., and Ma, E., 2010, "Electron-beam-assisted superplastic shaping of nanoscale silica glass," Nature Communication.

Mao, S.X., 2009, "Dislocation in Nanocrystalline Materials," International Symposium on Dislocation.

Mao, S.X., 2009, "in-situ TEM on deformation and fracture in Nanocrystalline Materials," TMS annual meeting.

Mao, S.X., 2009, "in-situ TEM on plasticity in Nanocrystalline Metals," China/US workshop on size effect on mechanical behavior, Beijing.

2009, "Oxidation behavior of metallic interconnects for SOFC in coal syngas," Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol.34, p. 1489.

Fan, D., Zhang, J.T., Mao, S.X., Shen, B.L., and Inoue, A., 2009, "Deformation and fracture behaviors of Co-based metallic glass and its composite with dendrites," Intermetallics, vol.17, no.445-452.

Fan, J.T., Zhang, Z.F., Mao, S.X., Shen, B.L., and Eckert, J., 2009, "Serrated flow behavior induced by blunt mechanism of shear crack propagation in metallic glass," J. Mater. Res., vol.24.

Hong, C.F., Tu, J.P., Li, R.L., Liu, D.G., Sun, H.L., Mao, S.X., and Peng, R., 2009, "Structure of sp2 dominant a-C film with superhardness," J. Physics D, vol.42, p. 215303.

Li, B.Q., Sui, M., Li, B., Ma, E., and Mao, S.X., 2009, "Reversible twinning in pure aluminum," Physics Review Letters, vol.102, p. 205504.

Li, Y., Wu, W.F., Zhang, Z.F., and Mao, S.X., 2009, "Size-dependent shear fracture and global tensile plasticity of metallic glasses," Acta Materialia, vol.57, pp. 257-266.

Meng, Q.F., Jiang, C.B., and Mao, S.X., 2009, "Ohmic contacts and photoconductivity of individual ZnTe nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.94, p. 43111.

Zhao, M., Ye, Z., and Mao, S.X., 2009, "Photo-induced stiffening in ZnO Nanobelts," Physics Review Letters.

Mao, S.X., 2008, "in-situ TEM and synchrotron on deformation in Nanocrystalline Metals," China/US workshop on in-situ Microscopy, Beijing.

Cao, A., Wei, Y., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Alternating starvation of dislocations during plastic yielding in metallic nanowires," Scripta Materialia, vol.59, pp. 219-222.

Cao, A., Wei, Y., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Deformation mechanisms of face-centered-cubic metal nanowires with twin boundaries," Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.93.

Cao, A., Wei, Y., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Dislocation dynamics and strengthening mechanism in twinned metallic nanowires," J. Metals (JOM), vol.60, no.9, p. 85.

Fan, J., Zhang, Z., Shen, B., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Plastic deformation of a Co-based metallic glass composite with in situ precipitated dendritic phases," Scripta Materialia, vol.59, p. 603.

Fan, J.T., Zhang, Z.F., Mao, S.X., Shen, B.L., and Inoue, A., 2008, "Nanocrystallization during quasi-static compression of bulk metallic glass alloy at room temperature," Philosophical Magazine Letters, vol.88, p. 837.

Fan, J.T., Zhang, Z.F., Jiang, F., Sun, J., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Ductile to brittle transition of Cu46Zr47Al7 metallic glass composites," Mat. Sci. and Eng. A, vol.487, pp. 144-151.

Kulovits, A., Mao, S.X., and Wiezorek, J.M., 2008, "Microstructural changes of nanocrystalline nickel during cold rolling," Acta Materialia, vol.56, pp. 4836-4845.

Liu, K., Luo, J., Johnson, C., Liu, X., Yang, J., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Conducting oxide formation and mechanical endurance of potential solid-oxide fuel cell interconnects in coal syngas environment," J. Power Sources, vol.183, pp. 247-252.

Shan, Z., Lu, L., Minor, A., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "In-situ TEM observation on deformation of Cu nano-twins," JOM, vol.60, no.9, p. 47.

Shan, Z., Wiezorek, J., Knapp, J.A., Follstaedt, D.M., Stach, E.A., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Inter- and Intra- agglomerate fracture in nanocrystalline Ni," Physics Review Letters, vol.100, p. 105502.

Shan, Z., Wiezorek, J., Knapp, J.A., Follstaedt, D.M., Stach, E.A., and Mao, S.X., 2008, "Large lattice strain in nanograin of nanocrystalline Ni," Applied Physics Letter, vol.92, no.1.

Cao, A., Wei, Y., and Mao, S.X., 2007, "Deformation mechanisms of face-centered cubic metal nanowires with twin boundaries," Applied Physics Letters, vol.90, p. 151909.

Fan, J.T., Wu, F.F., Zhang, Z.F., Jiang, F., Sun, J., and Mao, S.X., 2007, "Effect of microstructures on the compressive deformation and fracture behaviors of Zr47Cu46Al7 bulk metallic glass composites," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol.353, p. 4707.

Meng, Q., Jiang, C., and Mao, S.X., 2007, "Three-Dimensional Dendrite-like Nanostructures of Gallium Nitride," J. of Crystal Growth, vol.308, no.1, pp. 166-169.

Shan, Z., Wiezorek, J.M., Knapp, J.A., Follstaedt, D.M., Stach, E.A., and Mao, S.X., 2007, "Dislocation dynamics in nanocrystalline Ni," Physics Review Letters, vol.98, p. 96502.

Wu, F., Feng, Z., and Mao, S.X., 2007, "Compressive properties of bulk metallic glass with small aspect ratio," J. Mater. Res, vol.22, no.2.

Wu, F., Zhang, Z.F., Mao, S.X., Peker, A., and Eckert, J., 2007, "Effect of annealing on the mechanical properties and fracture mechanisms of a ZrTiNbCuNiBe bulk-metallic glass composite," Physical Review B, vol.75, p. 134201.

Wu, F., Zhang, Z.F., Jiang, F., Sun, J., Shen, J., and Mao, S.X., 2007, "Multiplication of shear bands and ductility of metallic glass," Applied Physics Letters, vol.90, p. 191909.

Jiang, C.B., Wu, B., Lu, L., Li, S.X., and Mao, S.X., 2006, "Lithium fluoride nanowires via vapor-liquid-solid growth," Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.88, p. 93103.

Wang, H., and Mao, S.X., 2006, "Nanoindentation-Induced Disappearance of a Room-Temperature Coulomb Blockade in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Small, vol.2, pp. 59-61.

Wang, H., Zhao, M., and Mao, S.X., 2006, "Radial moduli of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes with and without electric current flow," Appl. Phys. Lett, vol.89, no.1.

Wu, F., Zhang, Z., Peker, A., Mao, S.X., Das, J., and Eckert, J., 2006, "Strength symmetry of dendrites reinforced Zr- and Ti-based composites," J. Mater. Res, vol.21, no.9, p. 2331.

Xu, J., Wu, N., Jiang, C., Zhao, M., Li, J., Wei, Y., and Mao, S.X., 2006, "AC Impedance Characterization of ZnO Nanobelt/Pd Schottky Contact in Ammonia," Small, vol.2, no.12, p. 1458.

Yang, J.S., Mao, S.X., Yan, K., and Soh, A.K., 2006, "Size effect on the electromechanical coupling factor of a thin piezoelectric film due to a nonlocal polarization law," Scripta Materialia, vol.54, pp. 1281-1286.

Shan, Z., and Mao, S.X., 2005, "Direct evidence of a deformation mechanism crossover in nanocrystalline nickel," Advanced Engineering Materials, vol.7, p. 603.

Shan, Z., Stach, E., Wiezorek, J., Knapp, J., Follstaedt, D., and Mao, S.X., 2005, "Response to Comment on Grain Boundary Mediated Plasticity in Nanocrystalline Nickel," Science, vol.308, p. 356.

Wu, N., Chen, Z., Xu, J., Chyu, M., and Mao, S.X., 2005, "Impedance-metric Pt/YSZ/Au-Ga2O3 sensor for CO detection at high temperature," Sensors and Actuators B, vol.110, pp. 48-53.

Yang, F., Jiang, C.B., Du, W., Zhang, Z., Li, S., and Mao, S.X., 2005, "Nanomechanical Characterization of ZnS nanobelts," Nanotechnology, vol.16, pp. 1-5.

Zhang, Z., Bing, C., Li, S., and Mao, S.X., 2005, "Nucleation and growth of ZnO micro- and nanobelts during thermal evaporation," J. of Crystal Growth, vol.227, pp. 321-329.

Zheng, C., Wu, N., Shan, Z., Zhao, M., Chyu, M., and Mao, S.X., 2005, "Effect of N2 flow rate on morphology and structure of ZnO nanocrystals synthesized via vapor deposition," Scripta Materialia, vol.52, pp. 63-67.

Chen, Z., Shan, Z., Cao, M.S., Lei, L., and Mao, S.X., 2004, "Zinc Oxide Nanotetrapods," Nanotechnology, vol.15, p. 365.

Chen, Z., Shan, Z., Li, S., Liang, C.B., and Mao, S.X., 2004, "A novel and simple growth route towards ultra-fine ZnO nanowires," J. Crystal Growth, vol.265, pp. 482-486.

Chen, Z., Shan, Z., Wu, N.Q., Sikka, V.K., Hua, M., and Mao, S.X., 2004, "Fine Carbides Strengthened 3Cr-3WVTa Bainite Steels," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, vol.35, p. 1281.

Chen, Z., Wu, N., and Mao, S.X., 2004, "Hot Corrosion Mechanism of Composite Alumina/Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Coating in Molten Sulfate-Vanadate Salt," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol.457, pp. 301-306.

Shan, Z., Stach, E.A., Wiezorek, J., Knapp, J.A., Follstaedt, D.M., and Mao, S.X., 2004, "Grain Boundary Mediated Plasticity in Nanocrystalline Nickel," Science, vol.305, pp. 654-657.

Wu, N., Ogawa, K., Chyu, M., and Mao, X., 2004, "Failure detection of thermal barrier coatings using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy," Solid Thin Film, vol.457, no.2, p. 299.

Wu, N., Xia, C., Li, M., and Mao, S.X., 2004, "Interfacial structure and micro- and nanomechanical behavior of laser welded 6061 aluminum alloy blank," J. Eng. Materials & Technology, vol.126, pp. 8-13.

Zhao, M., Wang, Z.L., and Mao, S.X., 2004, "Piezoelectric characterization of individual zinc oxide nanobelt probed by piezoelectric force microscope," Nano Letters, vol.4, pp. 587-590.

Mao, S.X., Han, X., and Wiezorek, J.M., 2003, "Fracture and cavitation in a constrained thin metal layer under scale effect in layered materials," Philosophical Mag. A, vol.83, no.15, pp. 1807-1826.

Mao, S.X., McMinn, N.A., and Wu, N.Q., 2003, "Processing and mechanical behavior of TiAl/NiAl intermetallic composites produced by cryogenic mechanical alloying," Materials Science & Engineering, vol.363, pp. 275-289.

Mao, S.X., Zhao, M., and Wang, Z.L., 2003, "Nanoscale mechanical behavior of individual semiconducting nanobelts," Applied Physics Letters, vol.83, pp. 993-995.

Chen, Z., Wu, N., Singh, J., and Mao, S.X., 2003, "Effect of Al2O3 Overlay on hot-corrosion behavior of yttria-stabilized zirconia coating in molten sulfate-vanadate salt," Solid Thin Film, vol.443, pp. 46-52.

Ennis, B.M., Madan, A., Barnett, S.A., and Mao, S.X., 2003, "Super hardening and deformability in epitaxially grown W/NbN nanolayers under shallow and deep nanoindentations," J. Applied Physics, vol.94, no.11, pp. 1-7.

Ru, C.Q., and Mao, S.X., 2003, "Effect of microcracking on electric-field induced stress intensity factors in dielectric ceramics," Philosophical Mag. A, vol.83, no.2, pp. 277-294.

Zhao, M., Slaughter, W., Li, M., and Mao, S.X., 2003, "Material-Length-Scale-Controlled Nanoindentation Size Effects due to Strain-Gradient Plasticity," Acta Materialia, vol.51, pp. 4461-4469.

Duan, D., Wu, N., Slaughter, W.S., and Mao, S.X., 2002, "Effect of Strain Gradients and Heterogeneity on Flow Strength of Particle Reinforced Metal-Matrix Composites," J. Eng. Materials & Technology, vol.124, pp. 167-173.

Han, X., Li, X., and Mao, S.X., 2002, "Domain Switching Induced Toughening and Weakening in Ferroelectric Ceramics," Metallurgical & Materials Transactions A, vol.33, pp. 2835-2846.

Li, M., Wu, N., and Mao, S.X., 2002, "Length scale controlled interfacial toughening and weakening in metal/ceramic layered materials," Philosophical Mag. A, vol.82, no.5, pp. 1049-1071.

Duan, D.M., Wu, N., Slaughter, W.S., and Mao, S.X., 2001, "Length scale effect on nano- mechanical behavior due to strain gradient plasticity," Mat. Sci. & Eng. A, vol.303, pp. 241-249.

Mao, X., Qiao, L., Gu, B., and Li, M., 2001, "The Mechanism of Hydrogen Facilitated Anodic Dissolution Type Stress Corrosion Cracking (theories and experiments)," Philosophical Magazine A, vol.81, no.7, pp. 1813-1831.

Mao, S.X., Li, X., and Han, X., 2000, "Toughening of Ferroelectric Ceramics under Polarization switching," Materials Science & Engineering A, vol.292, pp. 66-73.

Mao, S.X., and Li, M., 1999, "Effects of Dislocation Shielding on Interface Crack Initiation and Growth in Metal/Ceramic Layered Materials," J. Mechanics & Physics of Solids, vol.47, no.11, pp. 2351-2380.

Mao, S.X., and Li, M., 1999, "Nucleation of Nanocracks by Quasi-Cleavage Process in Dislocation Free Zone," Philosophical Magazine A, vol.79, no.8, pp. 1817-1837.

Gu, B., Luo, J.L., and Mao, X., 1999, "Non-classical Stress Corrosion Cracking in Near Neutral pH Solution," Corrosion, vol.55, no.1, pp. 96-106.

Gu, B., Yu, W.Z., Luo, J.L., and Mao, X., 1999, "Transgranular Stress Corrosion Cracking of X-80 and X-52 Pipeline Steels," Corrosion, vol.55, no.3, pp. 312-318.

Li, M., and Mao, S.X., 1999, "Materials Length Scale (Thickness) relationship with Ductile vs Brittle Transition at Interface in Metal/Ceramic Layered Materials," J. Materials Science & Engineering A, vol.266, pp. 73-79.

Ru, C.Q., and Mao, S.X., 1999, "Conducting cracks in a piezoelectric of limited electrical polarization," J. Mechanics & Physics of Solids, vol.47, no.10, pp. 2125-2146.

Ru, C.Q., and Mao, X., 1999, "Electric field Induced Interfacial Cracking in Multilayer Electrostrictive Actuators," J. Mechanics Physics of Solids, vol.46, no.8, pp. 1301-1318.

Mao, S.X., and Li, M., 1998, "Mechanics and Thermodynamics on the Stress and Hydrogen Interaction in Stress Corrosion Cracking Tip: Experiment and Theory," J. Mechanics & Physics of Solids, vol.46, no.6, pp. 1125-1137.

Mao, S.X., and Qiao, L., 1998, "Transgranular Cleavage Fracture of Fe3Al Intermetallics Induced by Moisture and Aqueous Environments," Materials Science and Engineering A, vol.258, pp. 187-195.

Mao, X., Qiao, L., and Li, X., 1998, "In-situ Transmission Electron Microscope Study on Nano-crack Nucleation and Growth of Intermetallic Alloys," Scripta Materialia, vol.39, no.4/5, pp. 519-525.

Qiao, L.J., Luo, J.L., and Mao, X., 1998, "Hydrogen Evolution and Enrichment around Stress Corrosion Crack Tips of Pipeline Steels in Dilute Bicarbonate Solution," Corrosion, vol.54, no.2, pp. 115-120.

Mao, S.X., and Evans, A.G., 1997, "The Influence of Blunting on Crack Growth at Oxide/Metal Interfaces," Acta Materialia, vol.45, no.10, pp. 4263-4270.

Qiao, L., Jin, L., and Mao, S.X., 1997, "Hydrogen Distribution along Stress Corrosion Crack Tip of Pipeline Steel in Coating Disbondment Chemistry," J. Materials Science letter 16, pp. 516-520.

Wang, G.X., and Mao, S.X., 1997, "Preparation of TiAl/Mo and TiAl/NiAl Composites by Powder Processing," J. Materials Science, vol.32, pp. 6325-6329.

Mao, S.X., and Qiao, L., 1996, "On Nano-Sized Crack Nucleation and Propagation Mechanisms of FeAl3 Intermetallics," Acta Materialia, vol.44, no.6, pp. 2327-2335.

1996, "Shear Ligament Toughening Phenomena in Fe3Al Intermetallics and It's Micromechanical Modelling," Metallurgical Transaction, vol.27, p. 3817.

Chiu, H., Qiao, L., and Mao, X., 1996, "Environment-Assisted Cracking of Iron Aluminide in 3.5% NaCl Solution," Script Metallurgica, vol.34, no.6, pp. 963-969.

Qiao, L., and Mao, S.X., 1996, "Hydrogen-induced Cleavage Fracture in Fe3Al Based Intermetallics," Metallurgical Transaction, vol.27, pp. 3949-3956.

Qiao, L., and Mao, X., 1996, "Micromechanics of Stress Corrosion Crack Initiation of Stainless Steel," Corrosion, vol.52, no.12, pp. 927-933.

Qiao, L., Chu, W., and Mao, X., 1996, "Critical Hydrogen Concentration for Hydrogen Induced Cracking of Type 321 Stainless Steel," Corrosion, vol.52, no.4, pp. 275-279.

Qiao, L., Mao, X., and Chen, L., 1996, "Nanometer-Scale Crack Initiation and Propagation Behaviour on Fe3Al Based Intermetallic Alloy," Metallurgical Transaction, vol.26, no.6, pp. 1461-1469.

Mao, X., and McMinn, N.A., 1995, "Toughening of TiAl/NiAl Composites Processed by Cryogenic Ball Milling," Script Metallurgica, vol.33, no.12, pp. 1915-1919.

Qiao, L., and Mao, X., 1995, "Thermodynamic Analysis on the Role of Hydrogen in Anodic Stress Corrosion Cracking," Acta Materialia, vol.43, no.11, p. 4001.

Qiao, L., Mao, X., and Zhu, W., 1995, "Hydrogen Role in Stress Corrosion Cracking Process of Stainless Steel," Metallurgical Transactions, vol.26, no.7, pp. 1777-1784.

Liu, X., and Mao, X., "Electrochemical Polarization & Stress Corrosion Cracking Behaviours of A Pipeline in Dilute Bicarbonate Solution with Chloride Ion," Scrip. Metallurgica et Materialia, vol.33, no.1, pp. 145-150.