Pitt | Swanson Engineering
Lee, Jung-Kun
Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science
Lee, Jung-Kun
Faculty
Associate Professor
Office: 538H Benedum Hall
download vcard

Ph.D. in Materials Science & Engineering, Seoul National University

M.S. in Inorganics Materials Engineering, Seoul National University

B.S. in Inorganic Materials Engineering, Seoul National University

Energy Materials

(2009) National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award.

(2002) Director's Funded Fellowship from Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA.

Lee, J., Shao, L., Nastasi, M., Hochbauer, T., Thompson, P.E., Rusakova, I., Liu, J., and Chu, W.K., 2006, "Ion-cut of Si facilitated by interfacial defects of Si substrate/epitaxial layer grown by molecular beam epitaxy," To appear in Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM.) B., vol.242, pp. 509-511.

Barry, M.M., Jung, Y.S., Reddy, B.K., Lee, J., Phuoc, T.X., and Chyu, M.K., "Fluid Filtration Behavior and Rheological Properties of Nanoparticle Additive and Intercalated Clay Hybrid Bentonite Drilling Fluids," SPE journal, Manuscript submitted for publication.

Park, J.S., and Lee, J., "The effects of SiO2 addition to the BaO-ZnO-B2O3 glass for the application to the dielectric layer in the Plasma display panel," To appear in Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B.

Yang, M.J., Ding, B., and Lee, J., "Surface Electrochemical Properties of Niobium doped Titanium Dioxide Nanorods and Their Effect on Carrier Collection Efficiency of Dye Sensitized Solar Cells," To appear in Journal of Power Sources.

Ding, B., Yang, M.J., Lee, B.J., and Lee, J., 2013, "Tunable surface plasmons of dielectric core-metal shell particles for dye sensitized solar cells," RSC Advances, vol.3, pp. 9690-9697.

Jung, H., and Lee, J., 2013, "Dye Sensitized Solar Cells for Economically Viable Photovoltaic Systems," J. Phys. Chem. Lett, vol.4, no.10, pp. 1682-1693.

Jung, Y., Stevens, E., Ding, B., Kim, S., Woo, S., and Lee, J., 2013, "Microstructure and electrical conductivity in shape and size controlled molybdenum particle thick film," Journal of Materials Science, vol.48, no.10, pp. 3760-3768.

Jung, Y.S., Son, Y.H., and Lee, J., 2012, "3-D Assembly of Flower-like Iron Oxide Particles Under Microwave Irradiation and Their Application for Water Treatment," RSC Advances, pp. 5877-5884.

Lee, S., Lee, J.H., Han, G., Lee, J., and Jung, H.S., 2012, "Mesoporous TiO2 Nanowires as Bifunctional Materials for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells," Electrochimica Acta, vol.74, pp. 83-86.

Nastasi, M., and Lee, J., 2012, "Ferroelectric Properties of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 Films Under Ion-Beam Induced Strain," Journal of Applied Physics, vol.112, no.10, p. 104111.

Noh, J.H., Ding, B., Han, H.S., Kim, J.S., Park, J.H., Park, S.B., Lee, J., and Jung, H.S., 2012, "Tin Doped Indium Oxide Core - TiO2 Shell Nanowires on Stainless Steel Mesh for Flexible Photoelectrochemical Cells," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol.100, p. 084104.

Park, J.S., Jung, Y.S., and Lee, J., 2012, "Growth Phase Transition and Ferroelectric Properties of RNbO3 Doped Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)0.95Ti0.05O3 Single Crystals," J. Appl. Phys., vol.112, no.7, p. 074109.

Son, Y.H., Lee, J., Soong, Y., Martello, D., and Chyu, M.K., 2012, "Use of Clay Particles as 2D Layer Template for Nanohybrid Catalysts," Appl. Clay Sci., vol.21, no.16, pp. 62-63.

Yang, M.J., Di, Z.F., and Lee, J., 2012, "Facile Control of Ultraphobicity and Superhydrophilicity in TiO2/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Composite Films," Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol.368, p. 603.

Lee, J., and Yang, M.J., 2011, "Progress in Light Harvesting and Charge Injection of Dyesensitized Solar Cells," Materials Science and Engineering: B 176, pp. 1142-1160.

Lee, J., and Yi, J.Y., 2011, "Stabilized Antiferroelectric Phase in Lanthanum Doped (Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44, 415302.

Lee, J., Atthipalli, G., Epur, R., Jampani, P.H., Wang, W., Kumta, P., Allen, B., Tang, Y., Star, A., Yang, M., and Gray, J.L., 2011, "Nickel Catalyst-Assisted Vertical Growth of Dense Carbon Nanotube Forests on Bulk Copper," J. Phys. Chem. C, vol.115, pp. 3534-3538.

Lee, J., Ding, B., Lee, B.J., Yang, M., and Jung, H.S., 2011, "Surface-Plasmon Assisted Energy Conversion in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells," Advanced Engergy Materials 1, pp. 415-421.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Wang, Y., Theodore, N.D., Alford, T.A., and Nastasi, M., 2011, "Ion-Irradiation Enhanced Epitaxial Growth of Sol-gel TiO2 Films," Appl. Phys. A, vol.103, pp. 179-184.

Lee, J., Jung, Y.S., and Son, Y.H., 2011, "Rheological Behavior of Clay-Nanoparticle Hybrid added Bentonite - Suspensions; the Specific Role of Hybrid Additives on the Gelation of Clay Based Fluids," ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol.3, pp. 3515-3522.

Lee, J., Kang, B.S., Stan, L., Usov, I., Harriman, T.A., Lucca, D.A., DePaula, R.F., Arendt, P.N., Nastasi, M., MacManus-Driscoll, J.L., Park, B.H., and Jia, Q.X., 2011, "Strain Mismatch Induced Tilted Heteroepitaxial (0001) Hexagonal ZnO Films on (001) Cubic Substrates," Advanced Engineering Materials, vol.13, pp. 1142-1145.

Lee, J., Yang, M.J., Ding, B., and Lee, S.W., 2011, "Carrier Transport in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells Using Single Crystalline TiO2 Nanorods Grown by Microwave Assisted Hydrothermal Reaction," J. Phys. Chem. C, vol.115, pp. 14534-14541.

Yim, D.K., Cho, I.S., Lee, S.W., Kwak, C.H., Kim, D.H., Lee, J., and Hong, K.S., 2011, "Synthesis and Characteristics of Tb-Doped Y2SiO5 Nanophosphors and Luminescent Layer for Enhanced Photovoltaic Cell," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol, vol.11, pp. 8748-8753.

Lee, J., Lee, S., Cho, L.S., Lee, J.H., Kim, D.H., Kim, J.Y., Shin, H., Jung, H.S., Park, N.G., Kim, K., Ko, M.J., and Hong, K.S., 2010, "Two-Step Sol-Gel Metho-Based TiO2 Nanoparticles with Uniform Morphology and Size for Highly Efficient Photo-Energy Conversion Devices," Chem. Matter, vol.22, pp. 1958-1965.

Lee, J., Lee, S., Cho, L.S., Lee, D.K., Kim, D.W., Noh, T.H., Kwak, C.H., Park, S., Hong, K.S., and Jung, H.S., 2010, "Influence of Nitrogen Chemical States on Photocatalytic Activities of Nitrogen-doped TiO2 Nanoparticles under Visible Light," Photochem. Photobil. A:Chem., vol.213, pp. 129-135.

Lee, J., Lee, S.H., Han, S.H., Jung, H.S., Shin, H.Lee, J., Noh, J.H., Lee, S., Cho, L.S., Kim, J., and Shin, H.H., 2010, "Al-doped ZnO Thin Film: A New Transparent conducting Layer for ZnO Nanowire-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells," J. Phys. Chem. C, vol.114, pp. 7185-7189.

Lee, J., Son, Y.H., Soong, Y., Martello, D., and Chyu, M.K., 2010, "enhanced Magnetic Response of Fluids Using Self-Assembled Petal-Like Iron Oxide Particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 121905.

Lee, J., Son, Y.H., Soong, Y., Martello, D., and Chyu, M.K., 2010, "Structure-Property Correlation in Iron Oxide Nanoparticle-Clay Hybrid Materials," Chem. Matter., vol.22, pp. 2226-2232.

Lee, J., Yang, M.J., Hume, C., Lee, S., and Son, Y.H., 2010, "Correlation between photocatalytic efficacy and electronic band structure in hydrothermally grown TiO2 nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. C, vol.114, pp. 15292-15297.

Lee, J., Chung, S.J., Leonard, J.P., Nettleship, I., Tran, P., Soong, Y., Martello, D.V., and Chyu, M.K., 2009, "Characterization of ZnO nanoparticle suspension in water: Effectiveness of untrasonic dispersion," J. Powder Technology, vol.194, pp. 275-280.

Lee, J., Harriman, T.A., Lucca, D.A., Klopfstein, M.J., Herrmann, K., and Nastasi, M., 2009, "Ion implantation effects in single crystal Si investigated by Raman spectroscopy," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM.) B, vol.267, pp. 1232-1234.

Lee, J., Lee, S., Noh, J.H., Bae, S.T., Cho, L.S., Kim, J.Y., Shin, H., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2009, "ITO-based Transparent Conducting Layers for highly-Efficient Photovoltaic Devices," J. Phys. Chem. B, vol.113, pp. 7443-7447.

Lee, J., Lee, S., Noh, J.H., Han, H.S., Yim, D.K., Kin, J.Y., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2009, "Nb-Doped TiO2: A New Compact Layer Material for TiO2 Dye-Sensitized solar Cells," J. Phys. Chem. C, vol.113, pp. 6878-6882.

Lee, J., Noh, J.H., Cho, I.S., Lee, S., Cho, C.M., Han, H.S., An, J.S., Kwak, C.H., Kim, J.Y., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2009, "Photoluminescence and electrical properties of expitaxial Al-doped ZnO transparent conducting thin films," Phys. Status Solidi. A, vol.206, pp. 2133-2138.

Lee, J., Noh, J.H., Hong, H.B., Cho, C.M., Kim, J.Y., Lee, S., Cho, L.S., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2009, "Structure and dielectric properties of cubic Bi2Zn1/3Ta2/3O7 thin films," J. Appl. Phys., 106, 08103.

Lee, J., Noh, J.H., Lee, S., Kim, J.Y., Han, H.S., Cho, C.M., Cho, I.S., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2009, "Functional Multilayered Transparetn Conducting Oxide Thin Films for Photovoltaic Devices," J. Phys. Chem. B., vol.113, pp. 1083-1087.

Lee, J., Di, Z., Wang, Y., Nastasi, M., Shao, L., and Theodore, J.K., 2008, "Evidence for ion irradiation induced dissociation and reconstruction of Si-H bonds in hydrogen-implanted silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 104103.

Lee, J., Ghisleni, R., Lucca, D.A., Wang, Y.Q., Nastasi, M., Dong, J., and Mehner, A., 2008, "Ion irradiation effects on surface mechanical behavior and shrinkage of hybrid sol-gel derived silicate thin films," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM.) B 266, pp. 2453-2456.

Lee, J., Jeong, I.K., and Heffner, B.H., 2008, "Evolution of medium-range ordering of polar nanoregions in relaxor ferroelectric (1-x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-xPbTiO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 (17), 172911.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Lee, S., Hong, K.S., and Shin, H., 2008, "Acid Adsorption on TiO2 Nanoparticles - Electrochemical Properties Study," J. Phys. Chem. C. 112(22), pp. 8476-8480.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S.Lee, J., Kang, B.S., Jia, Q.X., and Nastasi, M., 2008, "Strain relaxation in sol-gel grown exitaxial anatase thin films," J. Phys. Chem.C 112(11), pp. 4205-4208.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S.Lee, J., Kang, B.S., Jia, Q.X., Nastasi, M., Noh, J.H., Cho, C.M., and Yoo, S.H., 2008, "Mobility enhanced photoactivity in sol-gel grown epitaxial anatase TiO2 films," Langmuir 24(6), pp. 2695-2698.

Lee, J., Kim, J.Y., Choi, S.B., Kim, D.W., Lee, S., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2008, "Surfactant-Assisted Shape Evolution of Thermally Synthesized TiO2 Nanocrystals and Their Applications to Efficient Photoelectrodes," Langmuir 24(8), pp. 4316-4319.

Lee, J., Lucca, D.A., Ghisleni, R., Wang, Y.Q., Nastasi, M., Dong, J., and Mehner, A., 2008, "Effects of ion irradiation on the structural transformation of sol-gel derived TEOS/MTES thin films," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM.) B 266, pp. 2457-2460.

Lee, J., Noh, J.H., Jung, H.S., Kim, J.Y., Cho, C.M., Ahn, J.S., and Hong, K.S., 2008, "Reversible recovery and degradation mechanism of electrical and optical properties in epitaxially-grown Al-doped ZnO think Films," J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073706.

Lee, J., Lee, J.S., and Joo, S.K., 2007, "Precise control of phase transformation process in lead zirconate titanate thin films by focused line-beam scanning," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 132908.

Lee, J., Di, Z., Wang, Y., Nastasi, M., Rossi, F., Shao, L., and Thompson, P.E., 2007, "Investigation of stress-induced (100) platelet formation and surface exfoliation in plasma hydrogenated Si," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 244101.

Lee, J., Harriman, T.A., Lucca, D.A., Jung, H.S., Ryan, D.B., and Nastasi, M., 2007, "Dynamic recovery and optical properties changes in He-implanted ZnO nanoparticles," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM.) B 257, 71.

Lee, J., Jacobsohn, L.G., Bennett, B.L., Muenchausen, R.E., Nastasi, M., and Cooke, D.W., 2007, "Effects of ion beam irradiation on self-trapped defects in single-crystal Lu2SiO5," Luminescence, vol.124, pp. 5-9.

Lee, J., Jacobsohn, L.G., Bennett, B.L., Muenchausen, R.E., Smith, J.G., Uberuaga, B.P., and Cooke, D.W., 2007, "The central role of oxygen on H+ irradiated Lu2SiO5 luminescence," Luminescence, vol.124, pp. 173-177.

Lee, J., Kim, J.Y., Noh, J.H., Lee, S., Yoon, S.H., Cho, C.M., and Hong, K.S., 2007, "Seed-Layer mediated orientation evolution in dielectric Bi-Zn-Ti-Nb-O thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 232903.

Lee, J., Lee, S., Kim, J.Y., Youn, S.H., Park, M., Hong, K.S., Jung, H.S., and Shin, H., 2007, "Preparation of a nanoporous CaCO3-coated TiO2 electrode and its application to a dye-sensitized solar cell," Lanmuir 23, pp. 11907-11910.

Lee, J., Noh, J.H., Jung, H.S., Kim, J.R., and Hong, K.S., 2007, "Microwave dielectric properties of nanocrystalline TiO2 prepared using spark plasma sintering," J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., vol.27, pp. 2937-2940.

Lee, J., Park, J., and Hong, K.S., 2007, "Ferroelectric properties of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3-RNbO3(R = Na, K) ceramics," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol.90, pp. 3512-3516.

Lee, J., Park, J., and Hong, K.S., 2007, "The effect of alkali niobate addition on the phase stability and dielectric properties of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-based ceramics," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 114101.

Lee, J., Shin, H., Park, J.S., Hong, K.S., Jung, H.S., and Lee, K.Y., 2007, "Physical origin of residual stresses in a multilayer ceramic capacitor," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 063527.

Lee, J., Thompson, D.C., Alford, T.L., Mayer, J.W., Hochbauer, T., Nastasi, M., Lau, S.S., David, T.N., and Chu, P.K., 2007, "Microwave enhanced ion-cut silicon layer transfer," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 114915.

Lee, J., and Jeong, I.K., 2006, "Local structure and medium range ordering in relaxor ferroelectric Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 studied using neutron pair distribution function analysis," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 262905.

Lee, J., Choi, W., and Findikoglu, A.T., 2006, "Effect of grain alignment on interface trap density of thermally oxidized aligned-crystalline silicon films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 262111.

Lee, J., Cooke, D.W., Bennett, B.L., Groves, J.R., Jacobsohn, L.G., McKigney, E.A., Muenchausen, E., Nastasi, M., Sickafus, K.E., Tang, M., and Valdez, J.A., 2006, "Luminescent properties and reduced dimensional behavior of hydrothermally prepared Y2SiO5:Ce nanophosphors," Appl Phys. Lett. 88, 103108.

Lee, J., Hamby, D.W., Lucca, D.A., and Nastasi, M., 2006, "Photoluminescence of He-implanted ZnO," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM) B., vol.242, pp. 663-666.

Lee, J., Hamby, D.W., Lucca, D.A., Nastasi, M., Kang, H.S., and Lee, S.Y., 2006, "Effects of Hydrogen Implantation on the Photoluminescence and Carrier Mobility of ZnO Films," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM) B., vol.249, pp. 196-199.

Lee, J., Hundley, M.F., Thompson, J.D., Schulze, R.K., Jung, H.S., Valdez, J.A., Nastasi, M., and Zhang, X., 2006, "Higher magnetic anisotropy of ion-beam synthesized cobalt nanocrystals in Al2O3 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 182502.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Nastasi, M., Kim, J.Y., Yoon, S.H., Hong, K.S., and Shin, H., 2006, "Enhancing Photocatalytic Activity by Using TiO2-MgO Core-Shell Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 013107.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Valdez, J., Hundley, M., Thompson, J., Sickafus, K., and Nastasi, M., 2006, "Room temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors using ion implantation and defect engineering," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM.) B., vol.250, pp. 279-282.

Lee, J., Kang, H.S., Kim, J.W., Kim, J.H., Lee, S.Y., Lee, J.S., Nastasi, M.A., Crooker, S.A., and Jia, Q.X., 2006, "Optical property and Stokes' shift of Zn1-xCdxO thin films depending on Cd content," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 066113.

Lee, J., Kang, H.S., Lim, S.H., Kim, J.W., Chang, H.W., Kim, G.H., Lee, S.Y., Li, Y., Lee, J.S., Nastasi, M., Crooker, S.K., and Jia, Q.X., 2006, "Exciton localization and Stokes' shift in Zn1_xCdxO thin films depending on chemical composition," J. Crystal Growth, vol.287, pp. 70-73.

Lee, J., Kim, J.W., Kang, H.S., Kim, J.H., Lee, S.Y., and Nastasi, M., 2006, "Variation of structural, electrical and optical properties of Zn1-xMgxO thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033701.

Lee, J., Lee, S., Kim, J.Y., Hong, K.S., Jung, H.S., and Shin, H., 2006, "Enhancement of the photoelectric performance of dye-sensitized solar cells by using a CaCO3-coated TiO2 nanoparticle film as an electrode," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol.90, pp. 2405-2412.

Lee, J., Lin, Y., Jia, Q.X., Hochbauer, T., Jung, H.S., Misra, A., and Nastas, M., 2006, "Role of Strain in the blistering of hydrogen-implanted silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101901.

Lee, J., Liu, J., and Lennard, W.N., 2006, "Range of Er Ions in Amorphous Si," Appl. Surf. Sci., vol.253, pp. 937-943.

Lee, J., Muenchausen, R.E., Jia, Q.X., Bennett, B.L., Cooke, D.W., Valdez, J., Nastasi, M., Lee, J.S., and Lee, S.Y., 2006, "Structure and optical properties of Lu2SiO5:Ce phosphor thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101905.

Lee, J., Noh, J.H., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2006, "Dielectric Properties of Nanocrystalline TiO2 Prepared Using Spark Plasma Sintering," J. Electronic Materials, vol.17, pp. 913-917.

Lee, J., Ryu, H.S., Hong, K.S., and Kim, D.J., 2006, "Phase evolution of magnesium substituted HA/¿-TCP ceramics and its effect on mechanical strengths," J. Mater. Res. 21, 428.

Lee, J., Shao, L., Lin, Y., Swadener, J.G., Jia, Q.X., Wang, Y.Q., Nastasi, M., Thompson, P.E., Theodore, D.N., Alford, T.L., and Mayer, J.W., 2006, "H-induced platelet and crack formation in hydrogenated epitaxial Si/Si0.98B0.02/ Si structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021901.

Lee, J., Shao, L., Wang, Y.Q., Nastasi, M., Thompson, P.E., Theodore, D.N., Alford, T.L., and Mayer, J.W., 2006, "Effect of substrate growth temperatures on H diffusion in hydrogenated Si/Si homoepitaxial structures grown by molecular beam epitaxy," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 126105.

Lee, J., Shin, H., Park, J.S., Hong, K.S., Jung, H.S., and Lee, K.Y., 2006, "Effect of margin widths on the residual stress in a multi-layer ceramic capacitor," Microelectronic Engineering, vol.83, pp. 2558-2563.

Lee, J., Chen, P., Chu, P.K., Hoechbauer, T.H., Theodore, N.D., Smalley, A., Cai, M., Schmidt, B., Caymax, S.S., Alford, T., Mayer, J.W., Theodore, N.D., Smalley, A., Cai, M., Schmidt, B., and Lau, S.S., 2005, "Investigation of plasma hydrogenation and trapping mechanism for layer transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031904.

Lee, J., Choi, W., Matias, V., and Findikoglu, A.T., 2005, "Dependence of carrier mobility on grain mosaic spread in <001>-oriented Si films grown on polycrystalline substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 152104.

Lee, J., Hamby, D.W., Lucca, D.A., and Nastasi, M., 2005, "Optical observation of donor-bound excitons in hydrogen-implanted ZnO," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 171102.

Lee, J., Jeong, I.K., Darling, T.W., Proffen, T., Heffner, R.H., Park, J.S., Hong, K.S., Dmowksi, W., and Egami, T., 2005, "Direct observation of the formation of polar nanoregion in Pb(Mg1/3Nbi2/3)O3 using neutron pair distribution function," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 147602.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Nastasi, M., Lee, S.W., Kim, J.Y., Park, J.S., Hong, K.S., and Shin, H., 2005, "Preparation of Nanoporous MgO-Coated TiO2 Nanoparticles and Their Application to Electrode of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells," Langmuir 21, 10332.

Lee, J., Nastasi, M., Hoechbauer, T., Misra, A., Hirth, J.P., Ridgeway, M., and Lafford, T., 2005, "The Nucleation and Growth of Platelets in Hydrogen Ion Implanted Silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 154102.

Lee, J., Park, J.S., Kim, S.T., Kim, J.W., and Hong, K.S., 2005, "Ultrasonic linear motor using L1-B4 mode and its analysis," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol.44, no.1A, pp. 412-416.

Lee, J., Park, N.M., Kim, T.Y., Kim, S.H., Sung, G.Y., Kim, B.H., Park, S.J., Cho, K.S., Shin, J.H., and Nastasi, M., 2005, "Effect of amorphous Si quantum dot size on the 1.54-¿m luminescence of Er," J. Electro. Chem. Soc., vol.152, no.6, G445-447.

Lee, J., Park, N.M., Kim, T.Y., Kim, S.H., Sung, G.Y., Kim, B.H., Park, S.J., Cho, K.S., Shin, J.H., and Nastasi, M., 2005, "Hydrogenation effect on the Er luminescence in amorphous silicon quantum dot films," Electrochem. Solid-State Lett., vol.8, no.2, G63-64.

Lee, J., Park, N.M., Kim, T.Y., Kim, S.H., Sung, G.Y., Kim, B.H., Park, S.J., Cho, K.S., Shin, J.H., and Nastasi, M., 2005, "Luminescence of Er-doped amorphous silicon quantum dots," Thin Solid Films, vol.475, pp. 231-234.

Lee, J., Ryu, H.S., Kim, S.J., Kim, H., and Hong, K.S., 2005, "A New Type of Bioactive Materials: Hydroxyapatite/¿-Wollastonite composition," J. Mater. Res., vol.20, no.5, pp. 1154-1163.

Lee, J., Shao, L., Lin, Y., Jia, Q.X., Wang, Y., Nastasi, M., Thompson, P.E., Chen, P., Lau, S.S., and Theodore, N.D., 2005, "Plasma hydrogenation of strained Si/SiGe/Si heterostructure for layer transfer without ion implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 91902.

Lee, J., Shao, L., Lin, Y., Swadener, J.G., Jia, Q.X., Wang, Y.Q., Nastasi, M., Thompson, P.E., Theodore, N.D., Alford, T.L., and Mayer, J.W., 2005, "Strain-facilitated process for the lift-off of a Si layer of less than 20 nm thickness," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251907.

Lee, J., Shao, L., Wang, Y., Nastasi, M., Thomspon, P.E., Theodore, N.D., and Mayer, J.W., 2005, "A technique to study the lattice location of light elements in silicon by channeling elastic recoil detection analysis," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131901.

Lee, J., Shin, H., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2005, "Crystal Phase Evolution of TiO2 Nanoparticles in Aqueous Solutions Via a Freeze-Drying Method," J. Solid State Chem., vol.178, no.1, pp. 15-21.

Lee, J., Tewell, C.R., Schulze, R.K., Nastasi, M., Hamby, D.W., Lucca, D.A., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2005, "Synthesis of ZnO Nanocrystals by sequential implantation of Zn and O species," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 183111.

Lee, J., Lee, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Dependence of Incommensurate Phase Formation on Vacancy Type in La doped (Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3," J. Appl. Phys, vol.96, no.2, pp. 1174-1177.

Lee, J., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Ferroic Phase Transition and Domain Engineering in (Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3 based solid solution," in Ferroelectric Single Crystals, L.E. Cross, S.T. McKinstry, and Y. Yamashita, eds., University Park, Pennsylvania.

Lee, J., Averitt, R.D., and Nastasi, M., 2004, "Boron enhanced blistering in hydrogen implanted SrTiO3," J. Apply. Phys., vol.96, no.12, pp. 7045-7051.

Lee, J., Cao, D., Jeong, I.K., Heffner, R.H., Darling, T., Bridges, F., Park, J.S., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Local Structure Study of the Off-center Displacement of Ti and Zr Across the Morphotropic Phase Boundary of the PbZr1-xTixO3 (x= 0.40, 0.47, 0.49, 0.55)," Phys. Rev. B. 70, 224102.

Lee, J., Cooke, D.W., Bennett, B.L., Muenchausen, R.E., and Nastasi, M.A., 2004, "Intrinsic ultraviolet luminescence from Lu2O3, Lu2SiO5 and Lu2SiO5:Ce3+," J. Luminescence, vol.106, no.2, pp. 125-132.

Lee, J., Hoechbauer, T.F., Averitt, R.D., and Nastasi, M., 2004, "Relationship between Damage Evolution and Si-H complexes Formation in Hydrogen Implanted Si," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM.) B. 219-220, pp. 662-665.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., No, J.H., Park, J.S., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Ferroelectric Properties of Highly (111) Oriented Pb(Zr0.4Ti0.6)O3 Thin Films Fabricated Using Sol-Gel Process," Integrated Ferroelectrics, vol.67, pp. 181-190.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Shin, H., Kim, J.R., Kim, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "In-situ observation of the stability of anatase nanoparticles and their transformation to rutile in an acid solution," Langmuir, vol.20, no.26, pp. 11732-11737.

Lee, J., Kang, B.S., Lee, J.S., Stan, L., DePaula, R.F., Arendt, P.N., Nastasi, M.A., and Jia, Q.X., 2004, "Dielectric properties of epitaxial Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 films on SiO2/Si using bi-axially oriented ion-beam-assisted-deposited MgO as templates," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol.85, no.20, pp. 4702-4704.

Lee, J., Lee, S.Y., Li, Y., Lee, J.S., Nastasi, M., Crooker, S., Jia, Q.X., Kang, H.S., and Kang, J.S., 2004, "Effect of chemical composition on the optical properties of Zn1-xCdxO thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol.85, no.2, pp. 218-220.

Lee, J., Lee, Y.H., Hong, K.S., and Jang, J.W., 2004, "Role of the internal stress on room temperature permittivity of BaTiO3 ceramics and thin films," J. Appl. Phys., vol.95, no.1, pp. 219-225.

Lee, J., Nastasi, M., Hoechbauer, T., Mayer, J.W., Verda, R., Lau, S.S., Misra, A., Swadener, J.G., and Baskes, M., 2004, "Using Ion Beam Analysis in Determining the Mechanisms of Cleavage in Hydrogen Ion Implanted Si," Nuclear Instrument and Methods (NIM) B. 219-220, pp. 604-610.

Lee, J., Nastasi, M., Theodore, N.D., Smalley, A., Alford, T.L., Mayer, J., Cai, M., and Lau, S.S., 2004, "Effects of Hydrogen Implantation Temperature on Ion-Cut of Silicon," J. Appl. Phys, vol.96, no.1, pp. 280-288.

Lee, J., Ryu, H.S., Hong, K.S., Kim, D.J., Lee, J.H., Chang, B.S., Lee, D.H., Lee, C.K., and Chung, S.S., 2004, "Magnesia doped HA/¿-TCP ceramics and evaluation of their biocompatibility," Biomaterials, vol.25, no.3, pp. 393-401.

Lee, J., Ryu, H.S., Seo, J.H., Kim, H., Hong, K.S., Kim, D.J., Lee, J.H., Lee, D.H., Chang, B.S., Lee, C.K., and Chung, S.S., 2004, "Novel Bioactive and Biodegradable Glass-ceramics with High Mechanical Strength in the CaO-SiO2-B2O3 system," Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 68A [1], pp. 79-89.

Lee, J., Shin, H., Jung, H.S., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Crystallization Process of TiO2 Nanoparticles in an Acidic Solution," Chem. Lett., vol.33, no.10, pp. 1382-1383.

Lee, J., Yi, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Physical Mechanism for Orientation Dependence of Ferroelectric Fatigue in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 - 5%PbTiO3 crystals," J. Appl. Phys, vol.96, no.12, pp. 7471-7475.

Lee, J., Yi, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Role of Cation Vacancies on Microstructure and Piezoelectricity of La-substituted (Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3 ceramics," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol.43, no.9, pp. 6188-6192.

Lee, J., Yi, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2004, "Structural and Electrical Properties of (1-x)(Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3-xPb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 solid solution," J. Solid State Chemistry, vol.177, pp. 2850-2854.

Lee, J., Hoechbauer, T., Averitt, R.D., and Nastasi, M., 2003, "Role of boron for defect evolution in hydrogen implanted silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol.83, no.15, pp. 3042-3044.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Kim, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2003, "Crystallization Behaviors of Nano-sized MgO Particles from Magnesium Alkoxides," J. Colloid and Interface Science, vol.259, pp. 127-132.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Kim, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2003, "Synthesis of Nano-Sized MgO Particle and Thin Film from Diethanolamine-Stabilized Magnesium-Methoxide," J. Solid State Chemistry, vol.175, no.2, pp. 278-283.

Lee, J., Lee, Y.H., and Hong, K.S., 2003, "Influence of Zr/Ti ratio and preferred orientation on polarization switching and domain configuration of Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 thin films," J. Kor. Phys. Soc., 42, S1395.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Park, S.E., and Kim, C.K., 2002, "Phase Transitions and Dielectric Properties in A site ion Substituted (Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3 ceramics ( A=Pb and Sr )," J. Appl. Phys., vol.91, no.7, pp. 4538-4542.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Kim, D.W., Kim, C.H., and Hong, K.S., 2002, "Influence of Substrates on the Crystal Structure of Pulsed Laser Deposited Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 - 29% PbTiO3 thin films," J. Mater. Res., vol.17, no.5, pp. 1030-1034.

Lee, J., Jung, H.S., Youn, H.J., and Hong, K.S., 2002, "Ion-induced Secondary Electron Emission Behavior of Sol-Gel Derived MgO Thin Films for Protective Layer in AC-Plasma Display Panel," J. Appl. Phys., vol.92, no.5, pp. 2855-2860.

Lee, J., Kim, C.H., and Hong, K.S., 2002, "Correlation between the internal stress and the ferroelectric fatigue," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol.80, no.19, pp. 3593-3595.

Lee, J., Kim, C.H., Seo, H.S., Yi, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2002, "Substrate temperature dependence of phase and orientation of laser ablated Bi4-xLaxTi3O12 films," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol.41, no.3, pp. 1495-1499.

Lee, J., Park, J.S., Hong, K.S., and Lee, B.C., 2002, "Role of Liquid Phase in PTCR characteristics of (Ba0.7Sr0.3)TiO3 Ceramics," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol.85, no.5, pp. 1173-1179.

Lee, J., Yi, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2002, "Correlation between Cation Vacancies and Phase Transition Behavior in La-modified Sodium Bismuth Titanate," Ferroelectrics., vol.270, pp. 203-208.

Lee, J., Yi, J.Y., and Hong, K.S., 2002, "Dependence of the Microstructure and the Electrical Properties of La-substituted (Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3 on Cation Vacancies," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol.85, no.12, pp. 3004-3010.

Lee, J., Yi, J.Y., Hong, K.S., Park, S.E., and Millan, J., 2002, "Domain configuration and crystal structure of Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-5%PbTiO3 crystals as a function of E-field direction," J. Appl. Phys., vol.91, no.7, pp. 4474-4478.

Lee, J., and Hong, K.S., 2001, "Relationship between the structure and the dielectric property in (1-x)((Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3)-xPbZrO3 ceramics," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol.40, no.10, pp. 6003-6007.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., and Chung, J.H., 2001, "Revisit to the origin of the grain growth anomaly in yttria doped BaTiO3," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol.84, no.8, pp. 1745-1749.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., and Jang, J.W., 2001, "Roles of Ba/Ti Ratios in the Dielectric Properties of BaTiO3 ceramics," J. Am. Ceram. Soc., vol.84, no.9, pp. 2001-2006.

Lee, J., Kim, S.E., Yang, I.S., and Hong, K.S., 2001, "Raman study of the phase transition in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-5%PbTiO3 relaxor based ferroelectrics," Phys. Rev. B 64, 090415.

Lee, J., Yi, J.Y., Hong, K.S., and Park, S.E., 2001, "Polarization dependence of Crystallographic Orientation in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 - 5% PbTiO3 crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol.40, no.11, pp. 6506-6509.

Lee, J., Park, B.W., and Hong, K.S., 2000, "Effect of excess Bi2O3 on the ferroelectric properties of SrBi2Ta2O9 ceramics," J. App. Phys., vol.88, no.5, pp. 2825-2829.

Lee, J., Kim, S.J., Hong, K.S., and Ko, K.H., 1999, "Evolution of the microstructure and the electrical properties with the excess Bi2O3 content in SrBi2Ta2O9 ceramics," J. Kor. Phys. Soc., vol.35, S526-529.

Lee, J., Youn, H.J., and Hong, K.S., 1999, "Phase Transitions of (1-x)PbZrO3 +x(Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3 (0.01=x=0.15) Solid Solutions," J. Mater. Res., vol.14, no.1, pp. 83-89.

Lee, J., Youn, H.J., Hong, K.S., and Park, S.E., 1999, "Charged defects and ferroelectricity in (1-x) PbZrO3 -x(Na1/2Bi1/2)TiO3 (0.01=x=0.15) Solid Solutions," J. App. Phys., vol.85, no.1, pp. 368-371.

Lee, J., Hur, S.H., Hong, K.S., and Park, S.J., 1998, "Incorporation phenomena of donor dopant in BaTiO3 systems," Solid State Ionics, vol.108, pp. 81-84.

Lee, J., Hur, S.H., Park, K.W., Hong, K.S., and Park, S.J., 1998, "Relationship between Microstructure and Properties of Semi-conducting Barium Titanate prepared by Semi-Alkoxide Route," Mater. Lett., vol.35, pp. 78-84.

Lee, J., 2013, "Harvesting Solar Energy by Nanoscale Engineering," Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology.

Lee, J., 2013, "Use of Nanostructured Materials in Energy Conversion Devices," Korea Institute of Science and Technology.

Lee, J., Ding, B., and Noh, J., 2013, "Core-Shell Type Nanowires for Electrodes of Flexible Electrochemical Cells," TMS2013.

Shayan, M., Jung, Y., Huang, P., Moradi, M., Lee, J., Shankar, M., and Chun, Y., 2013, "Improved Osteoblast Response to UV-Irradiated Superhydrophilic PMMA/TiO2 Nanocomposites," Society for Biomaterials, Boston, MA, USA.

Lee, J., 2012, "Tunable Surface Plasmons for Solar Energy Harvesting," 12th U.S.-Korea Forum on Nanotechnology (co-sponsored by National Science Foundation, US and Ministry of Education, Science & Technology, Korea), Seoul, Korea.

Lee, J., Ding, B., and Lee, B.J., 2012, "Study on Surface Plasmons of Core-sell Type Particles for Enhanced Energy Conversion Efficiency of Dye Sensitized Solar Cells," American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring Meeting, San Diego, US.

Lee, J., Ding, B., and Noh, J., 2012, "Photocatalytic Efficacy of 1-Dimensional Nanocomposite Electrode," TMS Spring Meeting.

Lee, J., Jung, Y.S., and Son, Y.H., 2012, "Self-Alignment of Petal-Like Hierarchical Iron Oxide Particles in Magnetorheological Fluid," Materials Research Society (MRS) Spring Meeting.

Lee, J., Yang, M.J., and Ding, B., 2012, "Electron Transport in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells Using Tutile Nanorods," Sungkyun International Solar Forum 2012 (sponsored by Sungkyunkwan University), Seoul, Korea.

Lee, J., Yang, M.J., and Ding, B., 2012, "Nanoscale Characterization of Nb doped TiO2 Nanowires in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells with Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy," Materials Research Society (MRS) Spring Meeting.

Ding, B., and Lee, J., 2012, "Surface Plasmons of SiO2@Au@SiO2Concentric Nanoparticles Embedded in Low Temperature Synthesized TiO2 Films," MS&T2012, Pittsburgh, US.

Huang, P., and Lee, J., 2012, "Change in Carrier Concentration of Au Nanoparticles Embedded ZnO Films," MS&T2012, Pittsburgh, US.

Lee, J., and Slazar-Villalpando, M., 2011, "Photochemical Conversion of CO2 to Hydrocarbon Conversion on Surface Modified Nanowires," TMS Spring Meeting.

Lee, J., Ding, B., and Yang, M.J., 2011, "Role of Surface Plasmons in Light Harvesting of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells," Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting.

Lee, J., Jung, Y.S., and Ding, B., 2011, "Study on 3-D Network Formation of Nanoclays in Quasi-Solid State Electrolyte and its Effects on the Stability of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells," Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting.

Lee, J., Yang, M.J., and Ding, B., 2011, "Carrier Transport Behavior in Single Crystalline Rutile Nanorod Based Excitonic Solar Cell," Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting.

Lee, J., 2010, "Design of Clay Based Materials," Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, US.

Lee, J., 2010, "Nanostructured Photoelectrodes for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells," Center for Nanoscale Science & Technology at National Institute of Standards & Technology, DC, US.

Lee, J., Ding, B., and Lee, B.J., 2010, "Enhance Photo-Excition Conversion by Using Localized Surface Plasmons," 18th International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy (IPS-18), Seoul, Korea.

Lee, J., Son, Y.H., Tran, P.X., Soong, Y., Martello, D., and Chyu, M.K., 2010, "Catalytic Properties of Clay Based Hybrid Materials for Drilling Operations," Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) Western Regional Meeting.

Lee, J., Lee, J.K., Sefzik, T., Son, Y.H., Chyu, M., Phuoc, T.X., Soong, Y., and Martello, D., 2009, "Use of magnetic nanoparticles for smart drilling fluids," AADE National Technical Conference & Exhibition.

Lee, J., 2009, "Research on Nanostructure Materials in Functional Materials Laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh," Center for Materials and Processes of Self-Assembly, Kookmin University, Seoul, Korea.

Lee, J., 2009, "Smart Fluids Consisting of Iron Oxide Nanoparticle-Clay Hybrid Materials," Center for Complex Fluids Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, US.

Lee, J., 2009, "Stress Enhanced Superparamagnetism in Iron Oxide Nanoparticle-Clay Hybrid Materials," Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Lee, J., and Jung, H.S., 2009, "Sol-gel grown epitaxial anatase TiO2 films and their photocatalytic applications," 2009 MRS spring meeting.

Lee, J., and Yang, M., 2009, "Microwave-assisted synthesis of TiO2 nanorod films for dye-sensitized solar cells," Materials Science & Technology 2009 Conference and Exhibit.

Lee, J., Ding, B., and Lee, B.J., 2009, "SiO2@Ag core-shell type plasmonic structure fabricated by a facile two step method," Materials Science & Technology 2009 Conference and Exhibit.

Lee, J., Lee, S.H., Lee, J.H., Shin, H., and Jung, H.S., 2009, "Charge Transfer Enhanced Al-doped ZnO Transparent Conducting Films for ZnO Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell," 2009 MRS fall meetin.

Lee, J., Son, Y.H., Nettleship, I., Leonard, J.P., Tran, P., and Chyu, M.K., 2009, "Intercalative Route to Heterostructures of Iron Oxide and Layered Aluminosilicate and Their Magnetic Fluid's Properties," 2009 MRS spring meeting.

Lee, J., Son, Y.H., Soong, Y., Martello, D., and Chyu, M.K., 2009, "Effect of Nanoparticle Configuration on the Phase and Catalytic Properties of Clay Based Hybrid Materials," 2009 MRS fall meeting.

2009, "Multifunctional properties of hydrothermally grown TiO2 nanoparticles," 2009 MRS spring meeting.

Lee, J., 2008, "Designing and Characterizing of Nanostructured Photoelectrodes for Dye Sensitized Solar Cells," Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, US.

Lee, J., and Lee, J.K., 2008, "The photovoltaic properties of acid treated dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)," Materials Science & Technology 2008 Conference and Exhibit.

Lee, J., Harriman, T.A., Lucca, D.A., Klopfstein, M.J., Herrmann, K., and Nastasi, M., 2008, "Ion implantation effects in single crystal Si investigated by Raman Spectroscopy," 16th Conference on Ion Beam Modification of Materials.

Lee, J., and Jung, H.S., 2007, "Study on Dye Sensitized Solar Cells consisting of Shape-controlled TiO2 Nanoparticles," Materials Research Society Fall Meeting.

Lee, J., Nastasi, M., and Jung, H., 2007, "Ion Beam Enhanced Crystallization of Sol-Gel Grown TiO2 Films," 9th European Conference on Accelerators in Applied Research and Technology, Florence, Italy.

Lee, J., Swadener, J.G., Noh, J.H., and Hong, K.S., 2007, "Local Mechanical Properties of Thin ZnO Films," Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Kim, D.W., Jung, H.W., Kim, J.R., Kang, S.G., and Kwon, D.K., 2003, "Dielectric Ceramic Compostion and Method for Manufacturing the Same," U. S. Patent 6,528,445.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Cho, S.Y., Kim, D.W., and Kim, J.R., 2001, "Ceramic Dielectric Compositions for Phase Shifter," Korean Patent, 2001-0038006.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Youn, H.J., Cho, S.Y., Kim, D.W., and Kim, D.Y., 2000, "Low-temperature Cofired Dielectric Ceramic Composition," Japanese Patent 2000-44332.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Kim, D.W., Jung, H.W., Kim, J.R., Kang, S.G., and Kwon, D.K., 2000, "Dielectric Ceramic Composition and Method for Manufacturing the Same," Korean Patent, 2000-68498.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Kim, D.W., Jung, H.S., Hong, H.B., Lee, J.Y., and Yoon, S.J., 2000, "Dielectric Ceramic Compositions and Method of Preparation Therefor," Korean Patent, 2000-68493.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Youn, H.J., Cho, S.Y., Kim, D.W., and Kim, D.Y., 2000, "Low-Temperature Cofired Dielectric Ceramic Composition," Korean Patent, 2000-009263.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Kim, D.W., Jung, H.S., Hong, H.B., Lee, J.Y., and Yoon, S.J., 2001, "Dielectric Ceramic Compositions and Method of Preparation Therefor," U. S. Patent 6,316,376.

Lee, J., Hong, K.S., Cho, S.Y., Kim, D.W., Jung, H.S., and Kim, J.Y., 2001, "Ceramic Compositions for Superhydrophilic Coating and Its Manufacturing Method," Korean Patent, 2001-0016252.